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Business Intelligence Consultant Resume Sample. Results driven professional with demonstrated success in the management and execution of business intelligence, data warehouse and reporting projects. Paper Strategic Plan E-commerce Business? Specialization in ETL, analytics and full cycle BI Implementations from requirements gathering through delivery. School Conclusion? Strong technical knowledge of enterprise architecture, database architecture, logical and term strategic e-commerce business physical database design and Business Intelligence and mather Data Warehousing applications. Skills and Technology: · Technology: Informatica, DataStage, Cognos, Crystal, Visio, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, Holos. Term Paper Strategic E-commerce? · Languages and Environments: SQL, Scripts, Unix, Oracle, DB2, JCL, TSO, ISPF, COBOL, CICS, Easytrieve, MS Access. About? · PC Software: Office (Word, Excel, Access, Power Point), MS Project, Visio, Beyond Compare, Toad, PL/SQL Developer, Windows, DOS.
Excellus Bluecross Blueshield, Rochester, NY 2010-2010. Data Warehouse Operations Technical Analyst Consultant 10/18/2010 - 11/19/2010. · Automated change control process workflow. Mitigating problems with source code synchronization, resource utilization and stakeholder awareness. Senior Analyst Business Systems, HTS Data Warehousing Mortgage 2006-2009. Paper On A For An E-commerce Business? · Developed a metadata search tool to parse ETL (DataStage) source code. Using the tool saved days on routine impact analysis. It improved accuracy and thoroughness on each development and problem resolution effort. · Developed tools to monitor and report on essay, the “freshness” of key tables and files. Tool sent email to stakeholders notifying them of the file status and prevented certain loads to term paper strategic plan, occur. Prior to implementing, old files were used in production 2 or 3 times each year. The recovery from each event was estimated to cost one man-month in homework, lost time. · Created SQL to monitor index attributes and a process to compare the attributes across all environments. This improved system integrity and provided reassurance to the business especially during integration testing that the environments were correct. · Primary on call support of production warehouse loads.
Analyze and respond to load failures. Term Plan E-commerce? Communicate status to stakeholders. School Lab Report Conclusion? Guide developers, as needed though problem resolution. Prompt response to interruptions in on a e-commerce, the production schedule helped us comply with service level agreements and continued to enhance customer satisfaction. · Maintained development and UAT environments which included version control of source code, data for testing, “back fill” data, table indexes and related attributes, and permissions for Users and roles. Attention to these details ensured that code was not regressed, that performance differences were code related and arranged essay not environmental. The business was confident that they testing the term on a strategic business, changes they asked for and not accidental changes to bibliography, the system. · Served as a liaison between the offshore developers and the business. By representing the group, questions got asked and answered in a timely manner, interruptions to the business were kept to a minimum and roadblocks to progress were removed. · Helped to mitigate conflicts and stress.
The developers off shore and at times the business were frustrated with any number of term paper on a plan for an e-commerce business things. As my role and relationships permitted, worked to understand and resolve these issues before any significant impact to bibliography essay, the project was realized. · Strived to manage expectations. Provided status and anomaly information to term paper on a strategic plan for an, management in a timely manner. Management was rarely blind-sided by a question or comment and in most case was fully aware of situations occurring hundreds or thousands of miles away. · Fostered strong team environment with offshore developers by making myself available to them during their day and by learning things about them that go beyond the office. This led to a “project first” attitude and the teams willingness to reallocate assignments on-the-fly. The result was fewer missed milestones. · Serving as a developer and vs love designer, stepped up to the project lead position when the incumbent was injured and restricted to bed rest. The project schedule did not slip and the project was delivered on time. · Responsive to the needs of the project and to management, served as developer, analyst, designer, team/project lead and DBA.
Being flexible and adaptable has made staffing projects easier for project managers. Being able to quickly change hats has allowed for paper on a for an e-commerce, quick response to abnormal situations and adhoc requests. · Used Visio, Word, PowerPoint and Excel to document systems, and to articulate design ideas. Visio diagrams often made concepts and procedures easier to understand especially with off shore developers. · Used the about, appropriate level of detail in communications with management, business and term business lay-people. This improved efficiency and demonstrated knowledge and respect for it tech resume, working partners. Quality Assurance Test Architect 2004-2005. · Coordinated User acceptance testing, including defect tracking / resolution for new software version. Created a lab to house testers, Test Scenarios and tracking documentation. Removing the testers from term paper plan for an, their office relieved them of doing work and testing at the same time. Testing activities were much more efficient and thorough than previous efforts. · Automated regression testing and assured application integrity throughout each upgrade. Automated tests allowed for system stress testing and homework improved quality. · Authored user guides, training materials and conducted application training sessions. · Created and term paper strategic plan for an business Implemented a series Cognos reports that provided dynamic access to tables for UAT data validation.
These tools put adhoc query access in the hands of high lab report conclusion Customer and eliminated the need for formal requests of IT services. · Contributed to the design and implementation of a rigorous peer review process which was then integrated into the SDLC. This review significantly improved program accuracy to the specifications, adherence to standards, reduced UAT failures and term on a strategic plan for an business nearly eliminated missed development milestones. Most significantly, improved customer satisfaction with IT services. · Provided on call support to web and pc based systems such as C++ and Java. Solving system problems in about homesickness, areas outside my normal area of expertise allowed the entire support group to experience 6 consecutive weeks of not being on call rather than the former one on two off routine. · Mentored new project team lead on BI architecture, current best practices and for an business the process of benchmarking for tool evaluation and selection. Essay Homesickness? The project lead was thus able to term paper strategic e-commerce business, focus on the critical path, make better decisions and present himself to vendors and management with confidence. · Co designed a method to use during ETL processing to store data prior to loading when some required elements are not present.
Storing data rather than retransforming saves processing cycles and vs love marriage allows downstream applications to reference the data. · Tech Lead and developer for on a plan for an business, HEDIS accreditation project allowing IHA to participate and place favorably in vs love, this national health plan rating system. · Served as backup Cognos Administrator. Reduced lag between requests and fulfillment which improved IT image with customers. Data Warehouse Administrator 1995-1999. · Assimilated the data structures of company acquisitions to incorporate the new data source into the Enterprise Warehouse. Strategic Plan Business? Being able to quickly befriend acquired personnel and learn about their data and systems allowed Tower to grow smoothly and incorporate their data at the enterprise level. · Gathered BI design requirements, wrote specifications and cotton mather testing strategies. Using prototyping and other techniques, identified needs and later solutions to areas of the company that had previously relied on hardcopy mainframe reports. · Performed data modeling and schema design. Taking on term paper on a strategic for an business, these tasks improved project through put and minimized the obligations of the Data Modeler and the DBA. · Provided training and lab report conclusion customer support for all BI applications ensuring that customers understood what the information was and how to use the access tools. · Performed BI tool evaluation benchmark and selection, leading to the selection of paper strategic for an business a BI tool that was easy to develop and easy for the customer to use. · Designed and vs love essay implemented systems for US Customs clearance resulting in faster and term paper on a for an e-commerce business more accurate data collection and reducing delays at border crossings. About Homesickness? · Performed system maintenance programming improving error reporting and updating file access methods. B.S., Information Systems Management, SUNY College at Buffalo, Buffalo NY. · Scout Master (1989 - Present) - Teacher of outdoor skills, Eagle coach, helping to build character.
· Wood Badge Leader Training (1999) - Group dynamics, motivating, EDGE: educate, demonstrate, guide and term on a strategic plan for an business enable.
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Hindi Essay On Television Essays and strategic, Research Papers. Television has Made our Lifes Better Nowadays, television is our main source of news and current events around the world. Arranged Vs Love Essay! It is . indefinably the term on a plan business most popular media in society today. By watching TV,we are kept updated of the various events and dealings occurring around the world. It provides us with broadcasts of the homesickness news and weather stations and many more,therefore helping us not to paper on a strategic e-commerce business be dropped back from the world of information. People need to be aware of whats going on it tech resume, around them and to keep on.
Cancellation , Cathode ray tube , Reality television 1782 Words | 5 Pages. ? Television has a big influence on how everybody perceives themselves. We can relate to on a plan for an e-commerce business what we see in TV such as romance, career and . family. One in particular however contradicts their name Modern Family, which comes on ABC channel. Modern Family portrays an example of the mythical norm of a traditional family, gender stereotyping and how gender affects social ranking. Characters from Modern Family challenge the patriarchal society while other are still subordinated to it tech resume it. Modern Family debuted. Family , Feminism , Gender 818 Words | 3 Pages. Write an essay on television The role of television in paper on a plan e-commerce, modern life Outline: 1. Lab Report! Introduction 2. Disadvantages i. . Vulgar pleasure ii. No more family life iii.
No more outdoor activities iv. No more fairy tales v. makes us lazy and careless vi. Children neglect their studies vii. Causes eye and paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business, abdominal diseases viii. Dish antenna has multiplied its negative effects 3. Advantages i. gives news and views about current matters ii. Bring people close to one another iii. Provides. Radio , Satellite television , Television 1086 Words | 4 Pages. In the past, television is a luxurious item to a number of essay about families; however, it gradually becomes popular nowadays because it does not cost an . arm and a leg any more as before, so most of the homes have already accessed to term paper on a for an it. Homework! According to scientists, watching TV has nothing benefit for strategic for an e-commerce, people, particularly for children.
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The television is one of hydraulics today’s most popular source of entertainment and source for news and other information. The television has been around since the 1950s, but it has not always looked like it does today. The television has changed a lot, like the adding of strategic plan business color. Cathode ray tube , History of television , John Logie Baird 873 Words | 3 Pages. writng assignmnt? goin to arranged vs love marriage wbu? i wrote intro du hav tat intro in yur pc? yea send me i maild u chck okk Today u finished english? . nop u? no btw we need 15 pages of d content i strted writing shal v ri8 both d essays ? 15:37 wot if tere is term plan for an, repetation so wt to do? btttr lest srch onceagain n f v get a big one lets write o wen wil we complete?? o ls v shale elongate our handwritting tat v can complete hey i cnt do dat ohooo. Indian actors , Indian film actors , International Friendship Day 465 Words | 4 Pages. September 2, 2011 The first known television service in the United Sates was in July of 1928. Cotton Mather! The broadcast was put out by C.F. Jenkins, . who was given permission by the Federal Radio Commission to broadcast 48-line film images in a suburb of Washington D.C.
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develop an argumentative essay . Your homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module . 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the strategic plan e-commerce Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of do annotated bibliography essay entertainment. Paper Strategic For An E-commerce! With a proper cable subscription, one’s television can display 75+ channels of moving pictures. At some point in do annotated bibliography essay, our lives, we have watched television . There are numerous. Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. Essay on Television Broadcast News. Television Broadcast News: Credible information or Merely Entertainment? . In today’s journalistic world it is sometimes difficult to term strategic for an e-commerce business decipher between news broadcasts rendered as credible information as opposed to merely entertainment. It is safe to say that the media does have a responsibility in reporting the news truthfully and with honesty. As we begin to look more closely on about, the role of the. Broadcasting , Credibility , Journalism 1238 Words | 3 Pages.
? Television : Educational or Entertainment Com/156 October 14, 2012 Ms. Mary Harmon Television : Educational or . Entertainment When it comes to television programming, there are many different options available for people of all ages. What kinds of paper on a plan for an e-commerce business television shows are children watching today? Television stations offer ratings that can be helpful with choosing the programming suitable for children to thesis view. Paper On A Strategic E-commerce Business! The big question is marriage essay, how effective are those ratings and are children watching. Cancellation , Choice , Film 1045 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Television is the leading cause of violence in today's society. Television . . This word associates for us with violence, crime, pornography.
And this becomes usual in today's society. And possibly, it is term strategic plan e-commerce business, a reason why many people don`t find the cause of violence in about homesickness, TV, because it is on a for an e-commerce, usual situation for them, when they see bad scenes on the screen, they just don't pay attention on it. And this is the it tech resume source,all we became cold. For us it is. Aggression , Media violence research , Reality television 2161 Words | 6 Pages. Name of the Candidate Name Surname Name of the paper strategic plan e-commerce Parent / Guardian Date of Birth (dd-mm-yyyy) Socio-Economic Details : Gender Nationality Marital Status Social . About Homesickness! Status Male Indian Married SC TELUGU Telugu (For office use only) ID No. ENGLISH Hindi Sanskrit Candidate’s Latest Photo Female Others Un Married ST BC Rural PH Urban Others If any Specify : Area which you are living comes under whether Are you employed Yes No Please furnish Work Experience (if any) : Organisation Govt. Private. Distance education , Education , Employment 417 Words | 2 Pages. The Thriving Television Statistics show that 66% of households own three or more televisions (“Family Life”). Nearly everyone . is impacted by television in strategic plan business, some way.
It can change the way society views certain situations or even change some families’ lives. Although many people may believe it has a negative impact on society, it plays a major positive role in the way society functions and evolves. The invention of the television has positively changed the world’s communication systems, politics. Broadcasting , Dwight D. Arranged Vs Love! Eisenhower , Harry S. Truman 887 Words | 3 Pages. telephone, television is term strategic e-commerce, a wonderful gift of essay homesickness science after the invention of electricity. Today, television is an term paper on a important means . of entertainment and education. It has the arranged essay advantages of both radio and cinema. We can see pictures and listen to their conversations simultaneously. Television was first invented by John Logic Baird, a famous scientist of term paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business Scotland. Cotton Mather Thesis! Mr. Term Paper Strategic Business! Baird demonstrated his invention at do annotated, the Royal Institute of Great Britain in 1926.
The television mechanism is very complex. A television camera. India , Madhya Pradesh , Reality television 886 Words | 3 Pages. Netaji Subhashchandra Bhose Hindi Essay. Certificate Course in Audio-Radio Servicing, from Institute of Audio – Video Technology, Nagpur. Yr 1995. 5) Basic Computer course Personal Details: . Date of Birth : 28th March 1977. Strategic Plan For An! Father name : Mr.Sudhakar K. Chaware Languages Known : Hindi , Marathi amp; English. Marital Status : Married Hobbies : Music, Badminton, Horse Riding amp; Art.
Extra Curricular Activities : 1. Completed Disaster Relief Instructor Course, from National Civil Defence College, Nagpur (Central Government). 2008 , Bharti Airtel , Bharti Enterprises 691 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay: Is Television a Bad Influence on Children? Argumentative essay : Academic Essay : Is television A Bad Influence On Children? The television has . become such an integral part of homes in the modern world that it is hard to imagine life without television . It provides entertainment to people of all ages especially children. Cotton Mather Thesis! Children love to watch TV and prefer to stay “glued” to the TV screen all day, rather than playing outside. In the USA, 47% of children ages 2 to 18 years have a television set in their bedrooms. Term On A For An Business! On a typical day, they.
Cathode ray tube , Entertainment , Infomercial 831 Words | 3 Pages. Women on Television Essay, Research Paper. Women On Television The quality of it tech resume American television has become a national disgrace. Young women in America who are . displeased with their appearance more likely then not can trace those feelings directly back to term paper on a strategic for an e-commerce images from the media on television . The unrealistic representations of homework women that the media bombards young women with indicates that the television has become a source for term strategic plan, a distorted understanding of gender roles among adolescent women. These images warp young women's views of bibliography essay their. Gender , Gender identity , Gender role 802 Words | 3 Pages. The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the official language of on a plan for an e-commerce business India. Cotton Thesis! Hindi is also the main language in . many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and Himachal Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 437 million people in the world. The other dialects of Hindi are Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, to name only a few. Hindi can be traced back to as early as the seventh or eighth.
Chhayavaad , Hindi , Hindi literature 1435 Words | 5 Pages. Fire Prevention Essay in Hindi English. habit of properly disposing of your butts immediately. Term Paper Plan E-commerce Business! Keep ashtrays clean and safe by promptly disposing of the ashes. * 2 Avoid smoking in do annotated bibliography, bed. Do . Term Paper On A Business! not permit guests to smoke in bed. If you tend to fall asleep on high lab report, the couch while watching television , do not smoke while lying on term paper on a plan for an, the couch. * 3 Keep all lighters and matches safely out of reach of babies and children. * 4 Do not allow anyone near your fireplace, space heater or candles if they are wearing loose, draping clothing. Active fire protection , Alarm , Candle 1169 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Children Are More Susecptable To The Effects Of Television. ?Natasha Charles 00030503 Audience And Reception Essay : Children Are More Susceptible To The Effects Of Television In the . world today, it is said that mass media has surpassed what it was in the past as so many people depend on media information globally. Of all the communication mediums, television is ranked at the top being the most powerful as it not only informs, it also influences the targeted audience. Television is used as a tool to control and shape the minds of vs love marriage essay its audience as it also.
Bart Simpson , Disney Channel , Mickey Mouse 914 Words | 3 Pages. Science writing in Hindi appears to have began in term paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business, 1818 (Patariya, 2000) with the publication of a magazine named “ Hindi . Digdarshan,” copies of which were circulated to many schools in West Bengal. ‘Digdarshan' regularly incorporated materials on science, a trend that was not in bibliography, vogue at that time even in contemporary reputed Hindi publication 'Udant martand' (1928) credited to be the first Hindi newspaper. Patairiya (2000) further narrates that a questionnaire related to chemistry way. Delhi , Hindi , Popular science 1626 Words | 5 Pages. literature Global TV Realities by paper strategic plan for an e-commerce business, John McMurria, Televisions New Engines by Michael Keane and marriage, Albert Moran, and The Mass Production of . Celebrity by Graeme Turner as instruments to analyze the on a plan e-commerce program. The three readings assist in the analysis of CBS’s The Amazing Race because the concepts and essay about homesickness, arguments presented by term paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business, the authors within the readings offers insight into school conclusion the production of The Amazing Race as well as the global distribution of strategic plan e-commerce business The Amazing Race television format. In the first segment of this analysis. Game show , Reality television , Television 1795 Words | 5 Pages.
Public Health – Essay – Title and subtitle of the essay HYGIENE, EATING HABITS AND ORAL HEALTH AMONG CHILDREN IN THREE . Essay Homesickness! NEPALESE PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS Author Kerstin Westbacke Author's position and address District dentist, Public Dental Clinic, Langgatan 13, SE-460 10 Lodose, Sweden Phone: +46 (0)520 660077, Fax: +46 (0)520 660838, E-mail: email@example.com Date of approval 2006-04-28 Supervisor NHV/External Professor Arne Halling No of pages Language – essay Language –. Canine tooth , Health , Health care 2275 Words | 11 Pages. AS YOU LIKE IT HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE PLAY Introduction to Shakespeare When I read Shakespeare I am struck with wonder That such trivial people . should muse and thunder In such lovely language. Paper On A Plan! D. H. Lawrence Quote (1885 - 1930) William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was born in cotton mather, Startford-on-Avon, in the country of Warwick. Paper Plan! The third child and first son, William was christened on 26th April, 1564 in the parish chruch.
His father, John Shakespeare, was a prosperous businessman. William got. As You Like It , Globe Theatre , John Shakespeare 1402 Words | 4 Pages. Reality Television : Good Or Bad Deborah Busby January 21, 2013 Reality Television : Good or Bad Most teens perceive . reality television programs in different views and for different reason. Premium Television Good Or Bad 200,000 violent acts on television by age eighteen (Analisca[-0]). Many of the violent acts that are seen on TV are perpetrated by the so called good guys like in. Premium Is Watching Television Good Or Bad are good. Entertainment , Essay , Product placement 501 Words | 3 Pages. * 1. Indian Television Market The News amp; Entertainment market with its current status amp; advertising trends. * 2. The Indian . Television Market The market size of Television industry is school lab report, around 20,000 crores; out of which: 8,000 crores is Advertisement market. 12,000 crores is encrypted/pay channels. *Source: Price Waterhouse Cooper (PWC) report-2008. * 3. Television Viewership Data * The total viewership in Indian TV market is 112 million; out of which: Cable amp; Satellite viewership=.
Advertising , Audience measurement , Broadcasting 1919 Words | 5 Pages. Comparison essay Television Then and Now As long as television has been around, people have been affected by the . way it has changed the world. Television has changed so much since 1970 to on a strategic plan business 2010, as society has transformed. From the way people dress and talk, to the different music types and bibliography essay, other interests all have a lot to on a strategic business do with the transition of television now. Do Annotated Essay! Television has progressed in term, 2010 because there is vs love marriage, more variety and strategic plan business, diversity in mather thesis, it than in 1970. Term Paper For An! Before television was invented. African American , America's Next Top Model , Barack Obama 766 Words | 3 Pages. 50 years of Indian Television India witnessed its first television clipping 50 years ago. Since then, rest is history.
Today . Cotton! India is amongst the world’s biggest television markets. Approximately half of on a strategic plan for an e-commerce all Indian households own a television today. From a single television channel, over 300 satellite TV channels are broadcasted today. Mather! Beginning: Doordarshan had a modest beginning with the experimental telecast starting in term paper, Delhi on 15 September 1959 with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. Cable television , Doordarshan , India 1079 Words | 3 Pages. The Modern Family’s Addiction to Television. In her essay Television : The Plug-In Drug Marie Winn persuades modern families that watching too much television . is detrimental to the family unit and children. Essay About! “ Television : The Plug-In Drug”, featured in Samuel Cohen’s 50 Essays : A Portable Anthology, is an excerpt from Marie Winn's book The Plug-In Drug: Television , Children, and the Family. Obviously, her book covers a wider topic, but this excerpt provides a good window to on a strategic for an e-commerce business her main argument and shows just how persuasive that argument is. Through.
Family , Logic , Marie Winn 893 Words | 3 Pages. Muslims today and cotton mather, which should otherwise be an outstanding characteristic and feature of all Muslims, whether married or un-married. . Television is such an evil that if our society only understood its reality, then they would find no excuse to watch. Strategic Plan E-commerce Business! Its spiritual harm is that it takes away the hayaa and shame of hydraulics homework our men, women and children. The content of most television programmes is term for an e-commerce, nothing but immodesty and homework, indecency, which invites nothing but immodesty and indecency – into our homes, into our lives. Allah , Decency , Family 1183 Words | 3 Pages. Broadcasting (Multi-Channel Television ) In this essay by using critical writings and research along with relevant examples I . will be talking about the importance of paper plan for an e-commerce satellite and Multi-Channel Television as part of televisions history. This essay will cover topics like; the birth and arranged, history of satellite and term on a strategic plan for an, multi-channel television , how the introduction of these new technologies changed the way TV was watched and accessed, the evolution of both satellite and multi-channel television , the mather impact satellite.
BBC , British Satellite Broadcasting , British Sky Broadcasting 1971 Words | 5 Pages. Essay on an Unforgettable Day of for an My Life in school lab report, Hindi. Father’s Name : Mr. Ashok shrivastava Date OF Birth : 14 Aug. 1990 Marital Status : . Single Nationality : Indian Language Known : Hindi English Hobbies : playing cricket Skills : positive attitude,I do my work Sincerely and honestly Declarations: I hereby declare that the on a strategic for an business information. Amitabh Bachchan , Business school , Leadership 257 Words | 3 Pages. Bollywood ( Hindi : #2348;#2377;#2354;#2368;#2357;#2369;#2337;, Urdu: ECa#1740; ??) is the informal name given to it tech resume the popular . Mumbai-based Hindi -language film industry in India (Bharat).
The term is term e-commerce, often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Hindi cinema. Bollywood is only a part of the Bhartiya film industry. The name is a portmanteau of Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood, the center of the American film industry. Though some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Cinema of India 1014 Words | 3 Pages. It’s a DTMF based technology to control our appliances By mobile phone calls from a long distance and school lab report, we can able to handle out home . appliances from any remote location.
ACHIVEMENTS: ? Participated in G.K and Essay competition organized in school. ? Coordinated in technical and non-technical events in college. ? Coordinated many events and paper plan for an e-commerce business, functions at school and college level. SEMINAR: • Seminar on the topic ‘ BLOOM BOX’, A Revolutionary. Delhi , Electronic engineering , Electronics 424 Words | 3 Pages. opinion essay television society in chile According to the webpage 'wikipedia.org', the homework most used mass media in Chile is term on a plan for an e-commerce, . the television . Arranged Vs Love Essay! It was introduced in 1957 to our country. On October the 5th of this same year, the first television transmission happened from the term on a strategic for an e-commerce business Catholic University of Valparaiso, giving way to the first channel in Chile, known as UCV. Two years later on August 21st, the second channel was inaugurated, taking the name of do annotated bibliography Canal 13. Since the first television transmission. Chile , Chilean people , Entertainment 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Portrayal of Indian Women Through Television Serials. PORTRAYAL OF INDIAN WOMEN THROUGH TELEVISION SERIALS Tender and paper strategic, the media is essay about homesickness, a subject that is being discussed frequently.
The portrayal of . gender as a product and the accompanying body politic in the media is well documented. Media can either be a accomplice to gender based discrimination by portraying stereotypical sensational images of women or it can provide balanced coverage that empowers women while exposing acts of gender bias. This essay of mine is specially focused on women’s issues. Female , Gender , Gender role 1943 Words | 5 Pages. ?Rita asked this question on term paper for an, Class-IX » Hindi » ????? « Go Back Top of Form ??????? ???? ?? ??? explain with introduction, importance, . profit Asked by Rita(student), on do annotated essay, 17/5/12 Bottom of Form Top of Form Answers ?????? ??? ????-??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??????????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ????-?????????. America's Next Top Model , Big Brother , Reality television 512 Words | 3 Pages. Television and The Internet Having already done my fair share of internet surfing, I was excited to finally have the opportunity to on a strategic plan business do a . research paper that involved this vast and seemingly boundless electronic world. It is easy to passively interact with the high school rest of the world and scan effortlessly through millions of pages of information, some of which is useful, some of term strategic for an e-commerce which simply takes up space; the hydraulics problem that many researchers and term paper on a strategic for an e-commerce business, interest groups face is making sense of the whole thing. Episode , Internet , Reality television 2368 Words | 6 Pages. In this essay I will compare between the story of Zahra by high school lab report, hanan el shik and term plan, the wiles of men by salwa bakr . first of all both el shik and do annotated bibliography, . Term Paper On A Strategic Plan Business! bakr are arab women. Hanan Al-Shaykh was born in homework, 1945 in Beirut, Lebanon.
Al-Shaykh began writing at a young age and by sixteen had essays published in the newspaper she would eventually work for, al-Nahar. Term Strategic Plan E-commerce Business! She attended the American College for Girls in Cairo, Egypt from do annotated essay, 1963 to 1966. After her graduation she worked in television in Beirut and as a journalist. Arab , Arab League , Arabic language 927 Words | 3 Pages. Advantages and term paper e-commerce business, Disadvantages of Television. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF TELEVISION In today modern world television is the school lab report conclusion most popular and recognized from of media . and most homes in the western and developed worlds own one.
That small (in some cases rather large) box sitting in your lounge is your connection to the outside world. It is an indispensable item and many of us cannot imagine life without it. As with everything there are advantages and disadvantages with the term paper strategic plan for an business television . The main advantage is televisions ability to bring you news. Disadvantage , Film , Reality television 963 Words | 3 Pages. Family: Television and Shooting Dad. daltyn Childers November 5th Comparison Essay Family, they are there for it tech resume, you no matter what. They love you no matter what your views, but . is there anything that is strategic plan for an, more important then family? In the two essays ; Shooting Dad and TV: The Plug-In Drug, both show what being a family is like for different people. Each essay shows pathos, ethos, and cause and hydraulics, effect in term paper on a strategic plan for an business, both different and similar ways. TV: The Plug-In Drug, by Marie Winn, is about televisions “taking over” quality family time. Winn.
Family , Father , Marie Winn 1278 Words | 3 Pages. Television: History of school Television in India. Television Though john Logie – aird started selling television sets in 1930, Germany gets the credit for term paper on a strategic plan business, creating the first . device to send pictures through a wire in 1884. In 1884 Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, a 23-year-old university student in Germany, patented the first electromechanical television system which produced 4000 pixels per second that took on essay about homesickness, the shape of a picture made of 18 parallel lines The television camera tube, called the iconoscope tube was made by ValdimirZworykin. Broadcasting , History of television , John Logie Baird 625 Words | 3 Pages. prepared to be read for you, to be shown to term paper on a strategic you in about homesickness, action, the news are always ready, its only a click away from you, a free quick, costless click, well at paper plan for an e-commerce business, . least relatively costless… costless comparably speaking, to the necessity and homework, importance of the term business television , of course. A 200$ device can put the homesickness world, the hundreds of term on a strategic e-commerce thousands of events distant of a hundred of thousands of miles, down in a small 20 inch box.
Since the TV is the main source of information alongside with the internet, people’s mind. Human , If You Have to Ask , Need to know 1528 Words | 5 Pages. Semester 1 – Level 5 – MFC5312 - Television Genres Essay - Deadline 7th December Explore in detail the development of it tech resume one . television genre of your choice. In this essay I am going to on a strategic plan explore the development of reality television and throughout this essay I will consider generic characteristics, the genres place in television schedules, the school needs and term strategic plan e-commerce business, expectations of audiences and also the future of the hydraulics homework genre on television . ‘The word genre simply means order. As applied to artistic works, a genre. America's Next Top Model , Big Brother , Genre 2225 Words | 6 Pages. Syllabus: Ancient Hindi Literature.
Name: Part I Alternative Language - Hindi Discipline : Hindi Course Scheme Weekly Contact Hours Semester Title of the . Paper I PAPER I Prose –I, Prose –II, Short stories, Functional Hindi -I PAPER II Drama, Novel Functional Hindi -II PAPER III Ancient Poetry, History of ancient Hindi literature, General essays , Functional Hindi -III PAPER IV Modern Poetry, Khandakavya, Poetics, History of Modern Hindi Literature. Functional Hindi IV II III IV No. of term on a strategic plan for an business Credits . Hindi , Hindi literature , Literature 569 Words | 8 Pages. The Impact of do annotated bibliography essay Television on Children. The Impact of Television on Children- Can television have an influence on term on a plan for an business, children’s aggression and homework, prosocial behaviour? The . effects of television on children is a subject which touches almost everyone in the western world. Term Plan For An Business! Everytime something new and different appears on our television screens it is questioned by the powers which protect our children from unsuitable material on the small screen.
For the past 50 years television and its effects on children have been scrutinised by arranged essay, research from. Aggression , Relational aggression , Social rejection 1179 Words | 3 Pages. Television: the Downfall of on a strategic plan for an e-commerce American Society. 102 Essay #2 Television : The Downfall of American Society Televisions have only school conclusion, been around since their debut . in the middle of the on a for an e-commerce 20th century and have since become a huge part of everyday life here in hydraulics, America. Term Strategic For An E-commerce Business! Originally having good intentions, the television and watching of television in the last couple of decades has changed greatly. The amount of time people spend watching their televisions has also changed in the sense that people spend much more time in front of the television than. 20th century , Cousin , Family 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Television, and hydraulics, Its Effects on the Indian Population.
Television , and term paper on a strategic, its effects on bibliography essay, the Indian population Ever since the advent of modern communication technology that has allowed people around . the on a strategic for an e-commerce business world to communicate ever so easily, the world itself seems like a smaller space. Broadcasting is an arranged especially effective manner through which millions of people are able to become unified on the basis that they are common recipients of a particular message. One of the most powerful transmitters of these messages is of course the television ; programs. Culture , India , Mass media 2287 Words | 7 Pages. Classification Essay on paper on a plan for an e-commerce business, Television. Classification Essay on it tech resume, Television Shows Tatiana Wright ENG 1020 T. On A For An E-commerce Business! Blackwell April 24, 2012 Television . shows are really common in hydraulics homework, the United States besides radio. I like to watch television to keep myself updated with what is going on in this universe. Many people watch television to be informed about term plan business, what’s going on homework, in the world, for entertainment to term on a strategic plan e-commerce let time go by, and entertainment for children to learn from hydraulics, educated channels. But not many find only television as a source they use the. Advertising , Entertainment , Need 642 Words | 2 Pages. Entertainment Essay Entertainment has provided society with an escape from reality, which at times may be very stressful and chaotic. . The relaxation that entertainment provides is necessary for the overall well being of people.
Peace and accord can be found through relaxation, and for many people this is achieved through entertainment. Some entertainment may be damaging to society because it is degrading, and lacks cultural enrichment. As a result, I qualify the assertion that entertainment. Entertainment , Film , Profanity 821 Words | 3 Pages. opinions, criticism, persuasion and op-eds; obituaries; entertainment features such as crosswords, Sudoku and horoscopes; weather news . and forecasts; advice, food and term paper on a plan, other columns; reviews of radio, movies, television , plays and restaurants; classified ads; display ads, radio and television listings, inserts from local merchants, editorial cartoons, gag cartoons and it tech resume, comic strips. Asian Age (29297 hits) | Assam chronicle (16103 hits) | Assam Tribute (19044 hits) | Business Line (56822. British Raj , Broadsheet , English-language newspapers published in India 1157 Words | 4 Pages. in the living room having a cup of tea whilst discussing school and University work) Ayse: Thank God! It’s nearly Christmas I was sick of all these mock . Term Paper Strategic Plan For An! GCSE exams! Zuhre: I don’t even get a break! I have this essay to do but don’t know where to start.
Ayse: You just done one essay didn’t you? Zuhre: This is another one about how to design better conversational spaces. Essay! (Sighs) and I still don’t know how to define a conversational space or a conversation properly! Ayse: A conversation. Bohm Dialogue , Conversation , Dialogue 2498 Words | 7 Pages. generate and circulate meaning in and for that culture (1088). Codes convert pieces of term plan for an business information from one form to it tech resume another and are often used where spoken . and/or written language is not possible.
John Fiske discusses, in his essay “ Television Culture”, how codes are used in television broadcast programs and how broadcasters attempt to make the meanings “perform the work of term plan business dominant ideology” (1087). He breaks the codes down into three levels: reality, representation, and ideology; each of it tech resume which has. Advertising , Broadcasting , Character encoding 1085 Words | 3 Pages. ? ESSAY 1 : Teacher, Mother, Secret lover! What else can it be, than our very own Television ? Over the paper strategic business years, the popularity . of television has grown to such an essay about homesickness extent that today, at paper on a strategic, least one Television set can be found in almost every home in vs love, the world.
Its the menace that everyone loves to hate but can't seem to e-commerce live without. Nowadays, there are hundreds of television channels. For those who are ill or housebound, television provides them with a company while they are alone, whereas others. BBC , Cable television , Cathode ray tube 1048 Words | 3 Pages. have more than one television . It has become a necessity as food, clothing and shelter. It Tech Resume! In Marie Winn's essay , she describes the on a for an business . effects of essay television on term on a for an e-commerce, young children and the family environments at home.
Television is one of the it tech resume most dominating factors that diverts from family time and family relationships. It also has a strong impact on people dealing with situations in 'the real world.' When it was first introduced to American society, initial claims were that, television will take over term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce, your. Cousin , Family , Household 1149 Words | 4 Pages. Television a blessing or a curse? TV or not TV? That is the question. . Television is one of the greatest and at the same time . worst inventions of hydraulics all times. On A E-commerce! . It is true that television can inform, inspire and create. But it can also misinform, deceive and destroy. Cotton Mather Thesis! Firstly, watching television makes people depended on laid-on entertainment.
That makes them lazy and unoccupied. People used to have hobbies, read books, listen to music, go outside for walks now all of term paper on a strategic plan these have been replaced by. Broadcasting , Media violence research , Radio 1568 Words | 4 Pages. missing a class, but can be affected if you miss an activity. Consider the films that we watch in it tech resume, class “texts” or assigned readings that are required for . the course; if you miss a day, you must find a way to view the term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce business assigned film. Cotton! 20% Midterm Essay (3-4 pages) All students will receive the same prompt in writing the midterm. This assignment will evaluate your ability to on a strategic plan for an integrate early cinematic representations we watch, course concepts in lecture and textbook support. Hydraulics Homework! The guided midterm is.
Asian American , Better Luck Tomorrow , Cinema of the paper for an business United States 1401 Words | 5 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the hydraulics definition is vague, overlapping with . On A E-commerce! those of an about homesickness article, a pamphlet and a short story. Paper Plan For An E-commerce Business! Essays can consist of it tech resume a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's.
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1300 words sample essay on Stress and Meditation. Stress is unavoidable and it is not possible to eliminate it from our lives entirely. Life is full of term for an e-commerce challenges, and arranged vs love marriage, a life without some turmoil is not only paper e-commerce business, impossible but is also undesirable. Cotton Mather Thesis? The hassles, deadlines, frustrations, and demands of modern life have made stress so commonplace that it has become a way of life for many people. In small doses, stress can help people perform under pressure and business, motivate them to do their best.
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They also increase our ability to homework, stay calm and collected under pressure. Term On A Strategic Business? A considerable amount of research has shown that meditation has benefits on mental health, including a reduction in proneness to depression, an essay, increase in emotional positivity, and an increased ability to deal with life's inevitable stresses. Meditation not only involves relaxation (the cessation of unnecessary effort) but promotes mindfulness, which helps the stress-sufferer to recognize unhelpful patterns of thought that give rise to the stress response. It also involves the active cultivation of positive mental states such as love, kindness, compassion, patience, and term paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business, energy. Meditation means awareness. 'Watching your breath' or listening to the birds is arranged vs love meditation. As long as these activities are free from any other distraction to the mind, it is effective meditation. Meditation means 'a cessation of the thought process'. It describes a state of consciousness, when the mind is free of strategic scattered thoughts and various patterns. The observer (one who is doing meditation) realizes that all the lab report conclusion activity of the mind is reduced to one. The benefits of meditation are manifold.
When practicing meditation, our heart rate and breathing slow down, blood pressure normalizes, sweat less, and we use oxygen more efficiently. Also, our adrenal glands produce less Cortisol, and on a strategic plan for an e-commerce, our immune function improves. It leads to an increase in creativity. It Tech Resume? In short, meditation is strategic plan for an e-commerce business wonderful—it is free, always available, and amazingly effective in short-term stress reduction and long-term health. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you.
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essay turn The Turn of the Screw. A History of Its Critical Interpretations 1898 - 1979. Edward J. Parkinson, PhD. Chapter Three - Apparitionists vs. Non-apparitionists: 1934-1948. Edmund Wilson's famous essay The Ambiguity of paper on a strategic for an business Henry James, which appeared in the April-June, 1934 issue of Hound and Horn , begins a new chapter in the history of the criticism of The Turn of the Screw . Wilson's assertion that the young governess who tells the story is a neurotic case of sex repression, and the ghosts are not real ghosts at all but merely the governess's hallucinations (385) produced much more of an impact than Kenton's published non-apparitionist arguments ten years earlier or Goddard's unpublished lectures at Swarthmore College, because of Wilson's overwhelming stature as a literary scholar and critic. Cole, for do annotated bibliography, example, says, The modern critical history began with Edmund Wilson's article in 1934. Before that, there were not many interpretations--mostly just uncritical acceptances of its scariness (142). Sidney E. Paper On A For An. Lind, in his brief survey of the criticism, compliments Kenton for her startlingly new interpretation, but then adds, This psychological interpretation received little attention until 1934, when Edmund Wilson, branching off from the Kenton thesis, studied the cotton thesis, governess as `a neurotic case of sex repression', with the ghosts as her hallucinations (226). Oscar Cargill in these words summed up a good deal of the critical history:
Until Edmund Wilson designated The Turn of the Screw a study in plan for an psychopathology, only it tech resume, three 1 persons had had the temerity to guess that it was something more than a ghost story. Term On A Strategic Plan E-commerce Business. The three attracted no attention, but Wilson stirred up an cotton indignant and vociferous opposition which literally `threw the book at him'--the book, however, being James's own comments on his story. . . (James as Freudian Pioneer 13). In a similar vein, Cranfill and term paper on a strategic plan for an Clark consider Wilson's essay to be by all odds the most widely read, replied-to, or agreed-with of essay about homesickness commentaries on the story, if not on James himself (6). Term Paper For An E-commerce. And Sheppard refers to the Freudian camp of critics as Edmund Wilson and his following (23). Unquestionably, Wilson's article, in the years immediately following its publication, engendered a critical controversy which Kenton's essay had not.
In 1935, Stephen Spender, in alluding to the non-apparitionist approach, refers only to about, Wilson, not to Kenton (35). Ivor Winters, in 1937, discusses Mr. Wilson's hypothesis without mentioning any other critic, including Kenton; Fagin, in 1941, in attacking the non-apparitionist position, concentrates entirely on Wilson. In 1947, Robert Liddell opens his discussion of the apparitionist/non-apparitionist debate by observing, The `hallucination' theory of The Turn of the Screw is on a for an e-commerce business best known in the discussion of about homesickness it by Mr. Edmund Wilson . . . though he disclaims having originated it (138). In the same year, Heilman, in The Freudian Reading of The Turn of the Screw , concentrated almost his entire fire on Wilson's article, which he termed the scholarly foundation for the airy castle of Miss Kenton's intuitions (434). And, finally, Waldock, in on a business 1947, in attacking the non-apparitionist position, devoted his entire attention to Wilson. In presenting his interpretation, Wilson relies on argumentation of three kinds: internal evidence from the story itself; James's statements about the story in the Preface to Volume 12 of the New York Edition and his decision to include the cotton mather thesis, tale in the same volume with The Aspern Papers , The Liar , and The Two Faces ; and a consideration of fictional characters in other works by James. Wilson's internal evidence consists mainly of points which had previously been made by Kenton, by Goddard, or by both of them. Wilson differs from his two predecessors by being more consciously indebted to Freud than either of them.
This debt is obvious both from term paper strategic plan for an e-commerce, his use of Freud's name in school conclusion his essay and from his inclusion of term paper business obvious Freudian symbology in his discussion of the events of the story. Observe also, he says, from the Freudian point of view, the significance of the essay homesickness, governess's interest in the little girl's pieces of wood and of the fact that the male apparition first appears on a tower and the female apparition on a lake (387). His other observations, however, have been made before. Wilson reminds us, first, of the governess's youth, poverty, inexperience, and on a strategic plan e-commerce business romantic attraction to the children's uncle as these items of information are presented by Douglas in the prologue. He then cites three examples of her proclivity for jumping to conclusions: The boy, she finds, has been sent home from school for reasons into which she does not inquire but which she colors, on no evidence at homework, all so far as one can see, with a significance somehow sinister; she learns that the former governess left, and that she has since died, under circumstances which are not explained but which are made to seem ominous in the same way (386). Term On A Plan For An E-commerce. The governess continues to see the spirits, and high school lab report the atmosphere becomes more and more hysterical. She believes that the children get up at night to meet them, though they are able to give plausible explanations of their behavior (388). Wilson also points out, as do both Goddard and Kenton, that the first appearance of strategic plan for an business Quint interrupts her romantic daydreams about the employer.
Also, like Goddard and it tech resume Kenton, he finds great significance in the fact that only the on a strategic for an business, governess admits to seeing the apparitions. Observe that there is never any evidence that anybody but the governess sees the ghosts. High Lab Report Conclusion. She believes that the on a plan for an, children see them but there is never any proof that they do. The housekeeper insists that she does not see them; it is apparently the governess who frightens her. The children, too, become hysterical, but this is evidently the governess's doing, too (387). Wilson, like Goddard, has also considered what is, perhaps, one of the high lab report conclusion, most frequently adduced arguments for an apparitionist interpretation of the story--namely, Mrs. On A Strategic Plan For An. Grose's identification of the essay, specter as the ghost of Peter Quint on the basis of a detailed description given by the governess. On A. Wilson's answer to this argument, however, is different from Goddard's suggestion that Mrs. Grose has been inattentive to it tech resume, most of the description and has jumped to a hasty conclusion after hearing that the apparition is hatless and for an e-commerce dressed in another man's clothes. Instead, Wilson suggests that Quint and the employer may have been similar in appearance, so that the governess, in describing her daydream turned real, might have accurately described Quint. Wilson also reminds us that Mrs.
Grose, whose approbation the governess values so highly, is illiterate and homesickness a simple soul (386). On examining the story's ending, Wilson describes as a gruesome scene the governess's final meal with Miles and her attendant comparison of herself and this pre-pubescent boy to on a for an e-commerce, some young couple who, on their wedding-journey, at the inn, feel shy in the presence of the waiter (388). Finally, Wilson suggests that, at the end of the story, the arranged, governess has frightened Miles to death (389). Next, Wilson turns his attention to James's statements about the paper on a strategic for an e-commerce business, story in arranged essay the Preface to Volume 12 of the New York Edition, reminding us of the following points: (1) having designated the story a fairy tale, James adds that the apparitions are of the order of those involved in term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce witchcraft cases rather than of those in cases of essay psychic research, suggesting, in Wilson's view, that the governess is to be seen as an inquisitor or witch hunter; (2) commenting on the charge that the governess is insufficiently characterized, James states that his ironic heart shook for the instant almost to term paper on a strategic for an e-commerce, breaking (italics are Wilson's) and makes a distinction between her record of school lab report conclusion so many intense anomalies and obscurities and her explanation of them; a different matter; (3) James remarks that the governess has authority, which is a good deal to have given her, which Wilson interprets to mean the relentless English `authority' which enables her to put over on term paper strategic plan e-commerce, inferiors even purposes which are totally mistaken and not at essay homesickness, all to the other people's best interests; (4) in the collected edition . . Paper On A For An. . James has not included The Turn of the Screw in the volume with other ghost stories but in another volume between The Aspern Papers and The Liar --this last the story of a pathological liar whose wife protects his big lies against the world, behaving with the same sort of deceptive `authority' as the governess in The Turn of the Screw (389-90). Wilson's third line of argument rests on a consideration of broad patterns of personality and conduct which seem to permeate James's entire canon, demonstrating how easily the governess fits into this Jamesian gallery if we accept Wilson's interpretation of her behavior. We see now, suggests Wilson, that it [ The Turn of the Screw ] is simply a variation on essay, one of James's familiar themes: the frustrated Anglo-Saxon spinster; and term on a strategic for an business we remember that he presents other cases of essay homesickness women who deceive themselves and others about the sources and character of their emotions (391).
Wilson provides an impressive list of examples of such women: Olive Chancellor of The Bostonians whose Lesbian passion which is so successfully disguised as a zeal to advance the paper strategic for an, cause of Feminism that the strong-willed spinster is herself entirely in the dark leads her to discourage Verena Tarrant from marrying; the unmarriageable heroine of The Marriages who, much attracted to an attractive father and obsessed by the memory of a dead mother, breaks up her father's marriage and then remains serene in the conviction that, by ruining the happiness of her father, she has been loyal to her duty to her mother; the essay, amusing Francie Dosson of The Reverberator , who, though men are always falling madly in love with her, seems never really to understand what courtship and term paper marriage mean and is apparently quite content to go on all her life eating marrons glaces with her father and sister in the parlor of the Paris hotel; and, finally, the essay homesickness, pathetic Milly Theale of The Wings of the Dove , who wastes away in Venice and whose doctor recommends a lover (391-3). These women, moreover, have their counterparts among James's male characters who have a way of missing out on emotional experience, either through timidity and caution or through heroic renunciation; for example, the term paper strategic business, hero of The Beast in the Jungle , who is finally crushed by the realization that his fate is to be the man in the whole world to whom nothing at hydraulics homework, all is to paper strategic plan for an, happen; the cagy Mr. Wentworth of The Europeans , so smug and secure in his neat little house, deciding not to cotton, marry the paper plan for an, agreeable baroness who has proved such an upsetting element in the community; or the essay about, weary Lambert Strether, of The Ambassadors , who comes to Paris too late in life (393). However, Wilson finds even more significant than these relatively straightforward cases those portrayals in which the effect is ambiguous. While acknowledging that James is often deliberately ironic and that the element of irony . Strategic Plan For An Business. . . is often underestimated by his readers, Wilson suggests, nevertheless, that there are stories which leave us in doubt as to whether or not the author knew that the heroes would seem unsympathetic.
He cites as one example Bernard Longueville of essay Confidence , wondering whether James intended this character to on a strategic plan e-commerce, be a sensitive and school lab report interesting young man or a prig in the manner of Jane Austin. He calls our attention to Flickerbridge , a story in which a young American painter decides not to marry a young newspaper woman . . Paper On A Plan. . because he is afraid she will spoil by publicizing it a delightful old English house connected with her own family in which he has greatly enjoyed living without her. This sounds ridiculous, but Wilson terms it a miscue, stating categorically, We know that James intends it to be taken seriously (393-4). The Sacred Fount is one of the most interesting examples of such ambiguity. Essay About. While Wilson does not doubt James's disapproval of the protagonist, he discerns an ambiguity in James' own mind as to the precise nature of this narrator's shortcoming: The man who wanted to get the Aspern papers was fanatically inquisitive and a nuisance; but many of James' inquisitive observers who never take part in term on a e-commerce the action are presented as highly superior people. James confessed to being this sort of homework person himself (397). The narrator's problem, suggests Wilson, is an inability to understand and accept his own sexuality. Wilson dismisses the narrator's theory that the younger couple have been invigorating the older couple with their youth. This theory seems obviously academic: older people feed young people with this vitality as often as younger people feed older ones--and evidently James does not mean us to paper on a strategic, accept it (395).
Instead, Wilson proposes that sexual love was the sacred fount to which the narrator had no access and the fear of vs love essay which finally devastates the narrator so that he can never again . . . Term Paper For An E-commerce Business. quite hang together, as he puts it, after his rebuff at bibliography essay, the novel's end. The lesson, according to Wilson, is. that the sacred fount from which his friends had been drawing their new vitality was love rather than youth. Term Paper On A Strategic Plan Business. He himself has no access to it and consequently does not understand it. But they have the forces of it tech resume life on their side and when they find that he is becoming a nuisance, they are able to frighten him away even when they are lying to term strategic plan e-commerce, him (396). Wilson considers The Sacred Fount to be a sort of companion-piece to The Turn of the Screw , pointing out that the former work was written shortly after the latter and suggesting that, in the former, the about homesickness, speculations of the narrator are supposed to characterize the narrator as the apparitions characterize the paper on a for an business, governess (394-5).
And, in The Turn of the Screw , Wilson finds the same ambiguity, pointing out, even as he argues forcefully for his hallucination theory, that nowhere does James unequivocally give the thing away: everything from beginning to end can be taken equally well in either of two senses (389). This last observation would appear to be confirmed by the apparitionist/non-apparitionist debate, which, ninety years after the story's publication, still continues. The genesis of this ambiguity, suggests Wilson, lay in do annotated essay James's inability to come to terms with his own sexuality. And here we come to Wilson's fourth line of argumentation. By examining James's biography and tallying other events with the chronology of his literary productions, Wilson attempts to demonstrate that, just as the governess, as Wilson interprets her, fits easily into James's gallery of characters, so she and strategic plan for an e-commerce the other Jamesian characters Wilson discusses are understandable products of a man like James and about complement other elements in his biography to elucidate his psychological profile. Wilson divides James's writing career into three major periods, as do many other critics. In the first period, according to Wilson, James. gives his clearest and most elaborate criticism of life. It is the only period in which his heroes and heroines are really up to anything in on a particular, have professions, missions, practical aims.
Politics figure prominently in do annotated bibliography essay all of term paper on a plan for an business them (402). This period includes, of course, The Bostonians , The Princess Casamassima, and The Tragic Muse . This period of novel writing ended in essay bitterness, Wilson suggests, because of disappointment over his fiction's lack of popularity. Wilson considers particularly important the failure of The Bostonians , which seems to have embittered James . . Term Paper On A Strategic Plan E-commerce Business. . and . . . may also have made him timid, so that he afterwards stepped more carefully when he approached such subjects as that of The Turn of the Screw . In his revision of this essay for essay, publication in The Triple Thinkers , Wilson would expand on his discussion of on a for an e-commerce James's problems with his public, suggesting that his characters' inability to consummate romantic attachments was a major reason for the failure of much of his fiction and also his plays, such as Guy Domville (106-9). James then turned to the theater, an art form for which he had no talent. Devastated by the collapse of his theatrical career, James entered a new phase, Wilson contends, of which the most obvious feature is a subsidence back into himself. In the works of this period-- The Turn of the Screw , The Sacred Fount , What Maisie Knew , and In the cotton mather thesis, Cage --Wilson finds a strange diminution in. the Jamesian central observer through whose intelligence the story is usually relayed to us. This observer is no longer a complete and interesting person more or less actively involved in the events, but a small child, a telegraph operator who lives vicariously through the senders of telegrams, a week-end guest who seems not to exist in any other capacity except that of week-end guest and who lives vicariously through his fellow visitors.
The lonely governess of term paper strategic for an business The Turn of the Screw takes an active part in the proceedings, but in a left-handed and equivocal way. In all of these literary works, the observer has become simplified, even infantile. High School Lab Report Conclusion. The people who surround him or tend to take on the diabolic value of the specters of The Turn of the Screw , and this diabolic value is almost invariably connected with their concealed and only guessed-at sexual relations (403). Then, Wilson maintains, a recovery of term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce sorts occurred, and in The Ambassadors , The Wings of the high, Dove , and The Golden Bowl , a positive element reappears as Americans come back into on a for an business the picture and score morally off an Italian prince, a charming French lady and a formidable group of middle-class English people who are shown in a disagreeable light as greedy, unscrupulous, and preoccupied mainly with keeping up dreary social positions (404). The main recipients of this Jamesian ambiguity of treatment, Wilson suggests, are Americans of a certain type, of whom James was one. The type is the cultivated American, like Henry James himself, who lives on an income derived from some form (usually left extremely vague) of American business activity but who has never taken part in essay homesickness the achievements which made the term paper strategic plan for an e-commerce, income possible (398). Here, Wilson locates at least some of it tech resume James's problems in his particular historical and sociological milieu, and this opens the door to a fusion of Freudian and Marxist insights. Wilson points out James's rootlessness--he had travelled so much from his earliest years that he had never had any real roots anywhere (401)--and suggests that much of term business his life and art can be understood as a search for fulfillment in America and Europe and a disappointment with the limitations of both societies. For these Americans, Wilson maintains, the industrial background is there.
Like sex, we never get very close to it; but its effects are a part of the picture. It is for those things of which that background has starved them that James's Americans come to Europe and it is about their inability to find in other societies something which their own society has never supplied them that it is at term on a strategic business, the bottom of their most poignant disappointments (406). This insight into the effects of social conditions on individual psychology is it tech resume applied directly to paper for an business, the governess when Wilson refers to. the poor country parson's daughter, with her English middle-class consciousness . and the relentless English `authority' which enables her to put over on it tech resume, inferiors even purposes which are totally mistaken and not at all to the other people's best interests (390). The governess's English nationality does not deter Wilson from including her in the same category with the on a plan, foregoing American types. He points out that James did not write about Americans during that period which produced The Turn of the Screw but states that even when James's heroes and heroines are English they assimilate themselves to these [American] types (399).
Wilson makes this parallel even clearer in his revision of the essay for The Triple Thinkers , referring to James's portrayal of. all that was magnanimous, reviving, and warm in the Americans at the beginning of the new century along with all that was frustrated, sterile, exclusively refined, depressing--all that they had in common with the Frederic Moreaus and with the daughters of arranged essay poor English parsons (118). The conflicts in James's psyche, according to Wilson, explain both his evasive answers to questions about The Turn of the Screw in his correspondence (396) and his special resentment toward Flaubert which seems to have been particularly inspired by paper on a e-commerce, L'Education Sentimentale . Terming Frederic a perfect young man out of thesis Henry James, Wilson offers this pithy interpretation of James's antagonism: It seems to me clear that James, because his own attitude toward this type was ambiguous, could not stand Flaubert's having settled Frederic's hash by setting him down to the debit side of civilization (309-400). Were we to consider only Wilson's first two lines of argument--his internal evidence from the story itself and his comments on James's statements about the story and his decision to include the novella in Volume 12 rather than elsewhere in on a plan for an e-commerce the New York Edition--we might hastily conclude that Wilson's essay has been overrated because of the reputation of its author. In the first place, although Wilson tells us that the governess is sexually attracted to the employer and later to Miles and that the hydraulics, ghosts are in paper plan for an some way caused by this attraction (he reminds us that the governess first sees Quint while in the middle of cotton a daydream about the employer), he does not offer a detailed explanation as to why these problems cause the governess to need these particular ghosts with their distinctive characteristics. We may, on this point, contrast Wilson's essay with Goddard's, recalling Goddard's detailed explanation of term for an e-commerce business how the it tech resume, governess's need to perform some heroic and self-sacrificial service for the employer and her incomplete information about past happenings at Bly combine to form a deadly psychodrama. We also do not find in Wilson's essay those detailed and convincing answers to apparitionist arguments that we have examined in Goddard's essay. Wilson's answer to the problem posed by Mrs.
Grose's immediate identification of the apparition based on the description given by the governess--his suggestion, namely, that the employer and Quint physically resembled one another--seems a most unlikely coincidence and certainly one for which we find no evidence in the text. Wilson's interpretations of James's statements about the story in the Preface to the New York Edition, while interesting and plausible, are certainly not so cogent as to paper strategic plan e-commerce business, be beyond all question. Marriage. As was pointed out in paper business the first chapter of this book, when Wilson quotes James's determination to avoid the mere modern psychical case history, he may be forgetting that psychical can be interpreted as psychiatric. Moreover, as a number of critics--among them, Charles G. Hoffman--have pointed out, even if psychical is taken to do annotated essay, mean paranormal, this statement would not necessarily mean that James intended the ghosts to be hallucinations; they could be supernatural entities different from for an e-commerce business, those commonly studied by parapsychologists--more evil, for example (Hoffmann Innocence and Evil 102). Wilson, perhaps too easily, glosses over James's designation of the story as a fairy tale, forgetting perhaps what critics such as Glenn A. Reed have remembered--that fairy tales contain supernatural entities (Reed 417). Also, when Wilson quotes James's distinction between her record of it tech resume so many intense anomalies and obscurities and her explanation of them; a different matter, he may be assuming too much.
In 1947, for example, Robert Liddell pointed out that the strategic for an, governess could be seeing devils that have assumed the form of Quint and Miss Jessel to tempt the children while she mistakenly believes that she sees the spirits that once animated the earthly bodies of Quint and Miss Jessel (142). This would not mean she was hallucinating. Essay About. Both Sheppard and Roellinger have emphasized the fact that parapsychologists, in James's day as in term for an business ours, were not dogmatic in their theoretical explanations of what they considered to be genuine paranormal occurrences. Finally, Wilson's interpretation of James's statement that the governess has authority, which is a good deal to have given her is homework particularly weak. On A Strategic For An. When we remember that this statement is immediately preceded by a reference to the general proposition of cotton thesis our young woman's keeping crystalline her record of so many intense anomalies and obscurities . . . it would seem reasonable to agree with Oscar Evans that James does not mean that the governess has authority where the children are concerned but where the reader is.
Evans also reminds us that when we read James's statement that one's ironic heart shook almost to term strategic for an business, breaking upon encountering the charge that the governess was insufficiently characterized, we should bear in mind the following remark which appears a few sentences later: It constitutes no little of vs love a character indeed, in such conditions, for a young person, as she says, `privately bred,' that she is able to make her particular credible statement of such strange matters (Evans 180). Once again, Wilson's interpretation, while plausible, is certainly not conclusive. Such a hasty undervaluation, however, would be grossly unfair to Wilson's essay, the paper on a strategic for an e-commerce business, most outstanding features of hydraulics which lie in his masterful relation of this novella to the rest of the Jamesian canon--a discussion in which The Turn of the Screw as interpreted by Wilson sheds considerable light on other Jamesian fiction and is itself elucidated by Wilson's insightful analyses of other works in paper on a strategic plan for an business the canon--and his brilliant relation of other biographical material to the chronology of James's literary productions so as to it tech resume, provide considerably greater insight into the works themselves via a deeper understanding of the creative and other psychological processes of the man who wrote them. And, in so doing, Wilson has opened at paper on a plan e-commerce, least two doors to a fusion of Freudian and Marxist insights. In the first place, Wilson has related the governess to arranged vs love essay, a certain type of American--of whom James was one--whose psychological problems seem at term plan business, least partly rooted in the social and economic milieu which has bred them and in vs love essay which they find themselves. He has specifically discussed the term strategic for an, middle class consciousness of the governess and her relentless English authority and their destructive effects on hydraulics homework, the children.
He has called our attention to the emotional poverty of this poor parson's daughter, which is obviously related to her economic poverty and consequent lack of opportunities --we cannot help but think of the social and economic barriers that separate her from the term strategic e-commerce, employer, for essay, example. These connections between her personal problems and the structure of the term plan for an business, society in which she finds herself would later be developed by other critics--most notably, by vs love, Mark Spilka in 1963. Secondly, by his discussion of the reasons for the Victorian public's rejection of The Bostonians and lukewarm reception of much of James's other fiction, Wilson has opened the door to term paper on a strategic plan for an, a greater awareness of hydraulics sociological considerations when evaluating reader responses. Wilson's suggestion of term on a for an e-commerce business how the public reaction to the subject matter of The Bostonians may have inhibited a frank treatment of sexual material in The Turn of the Screw is an school lab report conclusion important insight into the ways in which literary works can be partly shaped by term paper e-commerce, the anticipated response of a particular public. There are, of course, roughly, three types of psychoanalytic criticism: that which primarily seeks to understand the author; that which focuses primarily on the analysis of fictional characters; and mather thesis that which is concerned mainly with understanding the responses of the reader. The three types, of course, necessarily overlap--it is probably impossible to address one of these concerns to the total exclusion of the other two.
And each has its pitfalls; it is possible for the critic to lose sight of literary values as he turns an on a strategic for an business author or a fictional character into a psychiatric case history or to become a mere sociological or psychological reporter of what some people like and why. Good literary criticism never loses sight of literary values. Wilson's essay is an excellent example of the first type of psychoanalytic criticism. High School Lab Report. While he is primarily concerned with the author, he is always concerned with the author as author of the literary works under discussion--i.e., with the author's persona projected in the text--and, thus, Wilson always remains a critic, never becoming a mere psychohistorian of a famous man. The psychological processes of James are important to Wilson because they are reflected in the psychology of his fictional characters and thus help us to understand the literary works and their effects on readers. The latter consideration is always important to Wilson as he considers various characters--Olive Chancellor of The Bostonians , the anonymous narrator of The Sacred Fount , the term paper plan business, governess in The Turn of the it tech resume, Screw --and asks why readers respond as they do, looking for term on a strategic plan e-commerce business, answers in psychological processes of fictional characters and school conclusion hidden messages from their author which they perceive whether consciously or not and whether the author consciously intended them or not. Thus, Wilson includes The Turn of the Screw among a small group of fairy tales whose symbols exert a particular power by paper on a strategic for an, reason of the fact that they have behind them, whether or not the authors are aware of it, a profound grasp of subconscious processes (390-91). Wilson revised his essay for inclusion in the 1938 edition of The Triple Thinkers . In addition to quite a few minor stylistic changes, Wilson expanded on his discussion of other Jamesian works as they are related to his points about The Turn of the Screw . He provides examples of how each novel of James's first major phase begins strangely to run into it tech resume the sands at some point--usually about half way through so that the excitement seems to lapse at the same time that the color fades from the picture; and the ends are never up to the beginnings. For example, in the first half of The Tragic Muse , Miriam Rooth . . . comes nearer to carrying Henry James out of the enclosure of puritan scruples and prim prejudices . . . than any other character he has drawn.
However, this initial promise is not fulfilled in term on a for an e-commerce business the second half of the novel. Then suddenly the bibliography essay, story stops short: after the arrival of Miriam in London, The Tragic Muse is an almost total blank. Of the two young men who have been preoccupied with Miriam, one renounces her because she will not leave the stage and the other apparently doesn't fall in love with her (146-7). Wilson is unconvinced by James's later statement in the Preface to the New York Edition of The Tragic Muse that he had been prevented from allowing Miriam Rooth to have a genuine love affair with anybody by the prudery of the American magazines, pointing out that, after all, Hardy and Meredith did write about Jude and Lord Ormont and his Aminta and let the public howl; and it would certainly have enhanced rather than diminished Henry James's reputation--as to which his ambitions seem by no means to term paper on a plan for an e-commerce, have been modest--if he had done the same thing himself. Instead, Wilson suggests that, because of something incomplete and unexplained about James's emotional life, the novelist could not deal with that kind of passion and was much too honest to try to fake it (148-9). The relationship of this problem to The Turn of the cotton thesis, Screw is made a bit more direct in term paper strategic plan e-commerce the 1938 revision of the essay homesickness, essay. James was willing to strategic, leave his readers in doubt as to whether the governess was horrid or nice, according to Wilson, because, in this middle period, the novelist seems to be dramatizing the mather, frustrations of his own life without quite being willing to confess it, without always fully admitting it to himself (138-9). But we find the most striking improvements in term paper on a strategic for an e-commerce business Wilson's discussion of The Turn of the Screw itself. Hydraulics. The most notable addition is plan e-commerce business a new theory as to why the governess's psyche produces these particular apparitions. The governess has never heard of the valet, but it has been suggested to her in a conversation with the housekeeper that there has been some other male somewhere about who `liked everyone young and pretty,' and the idea of this other person has been ambiguously confused with the master and with the master's possible interest in her, the present governess. And has she not, in her subconscious imagination, taking her cue from this, identified herself with her predecessor and essay conjured up an paper on a strategic for an image who wears the master's clothes but who (the Freudian `censor' coming into play) looks debased, `like an actor,' she says (would he not have to stoop to love her!)? (125-6).
This explanation of the genesis of the governess's psychodrama is certainly as detailed and plausible as Goddard's. It Tech Resume. Furthermore, it opens some very interesting doors. For example, in 1962, M. Katan, M.D. would incorporate the idea that the love between the two ghosts is paper for an business reflective of three other loves--that between the high lab report conclusion, governess and Douglas, that between the governess and the employer, and that between the governess and the children--into a psychoanalytic reading which sees the story as an attempt by James to control his own anxiety arising from the traumatic effects of primal-scene observations (479) by discharging it onto others (476), namely the readers of the story who are terrified as their own primal-scene anxieties are brought to the surface. These anxieties surface, Katan maintains, as the reader sees the governess identify with Miss Jessel whose partner, Peter Quint, represents both the employer and term paper strategic the governess's father. Miles and Flora have already been traumatized, contends Katan, by witnessing the relationship between these two parent figures. Similarly, Cole, obviously indebted to Wilson, would later (in 1971) effect a fusion of Freudian and Marxist insights by suggesting that, in this hallucinatory pattern, the two ghosts become the opposite of her concept of the two people who affect her most,--herself and the master--Freud's `antagonistic inversion.' The master, socially unattainable, becomes in cotton mather her projections his servant, Peter Quint, who would be her social inferior `in the scale' which is so important to term paper on a, the governess (7-8). Thus, Wilson's theory is easily incorporated into Cole's sociological and psychological reading which sees the governess possessed by hysteria caused by her repression of her awareness that social inequities will frustrate her love for her employer (1). We can, also, easily see how Wilson's interpretation could be fitted into a Jungian reading of the story. Essay Homesickness. For, in hallucinating a lascivious counterpart to both herself and her employer, whom she seems to term paper on a business, idealize, the homework, governess can be seen as projecting her shadow. It is not unusual for Jungian critics to paper plan for an e-commerce business, see such projections of the shadow onto it tech resume both masculine and feminine figures. For instance, Christopher Bryant, commenting on The Lord of the term on a for an e-commerce business, Rings , reminds us of the vs love marriage, episode in which.
Frodo with his companion, Samwise, on their journey to the evil land of Mordor to fulfill the paper on a strategic e-commerce business, task laid upon Frodo, are led by Gollum, Frodo's treacherous shadow, into do annotated the dark cave passages where lurks Shelob, the giant spider with evil intelligence and deadly bite (97). The shadow, here is primarily embodied in the threatening male figure. Such threatening male figures--projected shadows--are common in dreams, mythology, and literature. As Bryant points out, a man's personal shadow represents rejected elements of his masculine potential, his capacity to fight, for example. Term On A Plan For An Business. In that case, he might be haunted in his dreams by a thug who is it tech resume out to murder him (96). However, Bryant sees the feminine figure of the spider in term plan e-commerce the dark cave as also informed by Frodo's shadow. Such feminist figures--dragons, for example--frequently complement the bibliography essay, rejected elements of . . . masculine potential we have mentioned.
As Bryant puts it, this unfaced part of him might very likely fuse with the anima, the unfaced feminine in him, which would then become a destructive force within his personality (96-7). Bryant then provides an example from common experience: A common form of the anima in its negative aspect is term on a plan business that of the possessive mother who prevents her children from hydraulics, growing up and term for an living their lives independently of her (97). This example demonstrates why the hydraulics homework, shadow must be seen to inform such a contrasexual archetype: Of course the monster, the devouring mother, corresponds to a tendency in ourselves. An actual mother, however possessive she may be, is only able to term paper strategic e-commerce, dominate her son and prevent him from vs love, becoming fully a man because there is something in him that colludes with her, that wants to remain a child. There is something in us that prefers to be looked after and protected, rather than face the term paper strategic plan for an, risks of fighting our own battles (97).
It is easy to see how this line of reasoning could be applied to the governess. For, if Miss Jessel is the projection of her shadow, certainly her shadow also informs Quint. He with his white face of damnation (chapter twenty-three), could not threaten the governess were there not a Jessel within her, a specter of the most horrible of women (chapter fifteen). Moreover, Wilson's theory as to the origin of the hallucinations greatly strengthens his answer to the apparitionist argument based on Mrs. Grose's immediate identification of the specter upon the governess's description. We have said that there is no evidence in the story for such an unlikely coincidence. Marriage. In his revised version, however, Wilson makes his case more credibly: The apparition had `straight, good features' and term plan for an e-commerce business his appearance is described in essay detail. When we look back, we find that the master's appearance has never been described at all; we have merely been told that he was `handsome.' It is impossible for us to know how much the ghost resembles the master--certainly the governess would never tell us (126). Furthermore, with this story in term paper on a for an mind--that Miss Jessel is a projection of a part of the hydraulics, governess's own personality--Wilson offers a very insightful reading of the scene in the schoolroom in chapter fifteen in which the governess sees Miss Jessel at the schoolroom writing table. . . . she had looked at me long enough to appear to say that her right to sit at term strategic plan for an, my table was as good as mine to it tech resume, sit at paper strategic, hers, the governess tells us. In this scene, maintains Wilson, the morbid half of her split personality is it tech resume getting the upper hand of the other . Paper On A Strategic Plan. . . it is it tech resume she who is intruding upon the spirit instead of the spirit who is intruding upon her (127).
In this revision of the essay, Wilson expands on his earlier discussion of the story's final scene, recalling the governess's vision of the white face of paper on a plan e-commerce business damnation at the window and asking, But is the governess condemning the spirits to damnation or is she succumbing to damnation herself? (129). This idea would later, in 1964, be developed in more detail by Muriel West in The Death of Miles in The Turn of the Screw . West considers in bibliography essay detail the context of the governess's final outburst and concludes that, in term paper this scene, Miles is, indeed, dispossessed, but that the governess succumbs to school conclusion, possession herself. Wilson makes a number of e-commerce business additional points about the story in this more detailed discussion. He observes, for example, that the ghosts stop appearing for awhile after Mrs. Arranged Marriage Essay. Grose threatens to contact the uncle, that the governess suppresses the on a strategic plan e-commerce, letters the children write to their uncle, and that Miles and Flora may have met after the final vision of arranged vs love essay Jessel at the lake. This last occurrence would, of course, explain Miles's question--It's she ?--in the story's final scene. On A Plan For An Business. Wilson also, in this revision, calls attention to the peculiar psychology of governesses, who, by reason of their isolated position between the family and the servants, are likely to become ingrown and morbid (131). Wilson makes one point which seems extremely questionable.
Commenting on the scene in which the arranged vs love essay, candle is blown out paper on a e-commerce business, while the governess is in Miles's room, Wilson suggests that the gust of frozen air felt by the governess is the only detail which is readily susceptible of high double explanation. Wilson suggests that this must be a tactile hallucination because the governess later sees that the window is tight (127-8). Term Paper Strategic Business. Wilson's assumption that there is no ambiguity here is unwarranted. Spirits have been known to cause drafts in closed rooms. To sum up, then, Wilson's revision of arranged vs love marriage essay his article for the 1938 edition of The Triple Thinkers is a great improvement over the original essay. Plan For An. In the revised version Wilson has expanded on his discussion of Jamesian works as they are related to essay homesickness, The Turn of the Screw and paper on a plan for an business has looked in more detail at the story itself. His explanation of the psychological origins of the phantoms provides telling insights into the story and opens the door to do annotated essay, additional Freudian, Jungian, and Marxist insights. The debate which Wilson sparked concerning the reality of the ghosts continued throughout the paper plan for an e-commerce, period under discussion. In 1948, Elmer Edgar Stoll attacked Wilson's interpretation as a kind of in-reading on the part of the school lab report, critic. He considered Kenton's attempt to on a strategic business, press on `toward the story behind the cotton, story` an example of the now timeworn fallacy of confounding art and reality, likening such criticism to inquiring into the previous history of Falstaff or Hamlet, of the heroines or the Macbeths, who (of course), except as meagerly furnished by term paper e-commerce business, the dramatist have none (230) and suggested that Wilson viewed such things as Flora's insertion of one piece of hydraulics wood into another through the eyes of his own Freudian preoccupations, thus imposing on the work an anachronistic set of significances (229). Stoll disagrees with Kenton's interpretation of James's description of the work in the Preface to the New York Edition as an amusette to plan for an business, catch those not easily caught, suggesting that such passages mean . . Hydraulics. . not catching the readers in paper strategic plan for an e-commerce a trap but capturing their attention and interest (230).
Stoll correctly points out a long literary tradition of genuine ghosts which are visible to some people and invisible to essay about, others--citing examples from Hamlet , Macbeth , and paper strategic for an business Julius Caesar --but then unwisely adds, The reality, on the other hand, of the supernatural is conveyed by other means--by suggestion of indirection--as here, plainly enough (230). Stoll seems here to be overstating the similarities between these Shakespearean works and it tech resume The Turn of the Screw . The ghost of Hamlet's father, after all, is seen by quite a few people at the beginning of the play, although it is invisible to Gertrude when it appears to paper on a strategic plan for an e-commerce, Hamlet in the Queen's chamber. Similarly, while it is true that the ghost of essay Banquo is invisible to paper business, all but Macbeth, it must be remembered that the cotton mather, earlier supernatural visitations--the Weird Sisters--were visible to both Macbeth and Banquo. Other arguments advanced by Stoll are weaker still. Stoll wonders how the governess's subconscious could transform the strategic for an e-commerce, employer so completely as to make him a horror and no gentleman.
The subconscious, he suggests, should hardly go, unaided, so contrary as this (231). High Lab Report Conclusion. But Stoll's unsupported assertion seems to fly in the face of considerable psychiatric evidence concerning the strange distortions wrought by the subconscious mind--in dreams, for example. His suggestion that Wilson reads into events a psychoanalytic significance foreign to the mind of on a plan for an e-commerce James might suitably be applied to the later psychoanalytic criticism of Cargill which was published in 1956, a source study suggesting that Freud's writings per cotton mather, se influenced James in his composition of the work. The argument is less compelling when applied to a critic such as Wilson who holds that universally valid Freudian insights can fruitfully be applied to historical figures such as statesmen or clients of term strategic plan for an business psychoanalysts. Homework. Stoll begs the question by objecting that Wilson's interpretation fails to explain the children's taking so keen an term paper on a strategic e-commerce interest in do annotated bibliography essay secretly looking at and holding commerce with the ghosts and intriguing and conspiring together for that purpose, as well as their corruption under the influence of the valet and paper on a for an the former governess, both when alive and when dead (231). The above data are communicated to us only by the governess; consequently, if she is unreliable, there is nothing for Wilson or any other critic to explain about these happenings. Stoll is also on homesickness, slippery ground when he claims that Wilson's theory is term paper on a plan e-commerce business invalidated by the confessions of the boy when approached on the subject and the deep resentment of the girl, along with the hesitating but increasingly frank admissions of the housekeeper (231). A detailed analysis of the boy's final confession--as provided, for example, by Muriel West in The Death of Miles in The Turn of the Screw , can certainly accommodate a non-apparitionist reading of the do annotated, story.
Those critics--for example, Cranfill and Clark--who have documented the governess's relentless persecution of the children have offered a plausible explanation of the deep resentment of the girl without postulating supernatural entities. And Goddard's theory of how the governess' fears and repressed desires and the housekeeper's memories and anxieties unconsciously collaborate (14) demonstrates that this argument from term paper on a plan for an e-commerce, Stoll is not unanswerable. Stoll also reminds us that the governess is highly recommended by Douglas in the prologue. Douglas, however, is seeing her ten years after the events have taken place. Furthermore, Stoll would seem again to be begging the question by assuming that the evaluation given by the second narrator--i.e., by Douglas, must be accepted at face value. If one narrator's account can be questioned, why not another's? If, on cotton mather thesis, the other hand, we agree with Stoll that to question a narrator in a fictional work is like discounting prologues or epilogues, choruses or soliloquies, addressed the audience and necessarily to term business, be taken at face value (230), then it would appear that we must dismiss Wilson's reading from the it tech resume, outset and that evidence adduced from another narrator is redundant.
When Stoll suggests that Wilson is forgetful, like most contemporary critics, of Aristotle on plot and character (232), in not taking the governess's account at face value, he seems, like some critics of the Chicago School, to be unthinkingly and paper on a for an business rigidly applying classical canons where they would appear to have no relevance. Stoll also errs in mixing Douglas's descriptions of the governess with James's statements in the New York Edition Preface about agents and demons, forgetting apparently the difference between the statements made by a fictional character and about homesickness an author's comments about his own work. He also seems to fall into the trap of the term paper for an e-commerce business, intentional fallacy. Stoll may be right to essay, fault those critics with whom intentions do not count at all, but he shows no awareness of the distinction other critics have been careful to make between a mere stated intention and term paper e-commerce an intention which has actually been realized in the construction of the literary work. Thus, Halliburton says that the vs love marriage essay, intentionality to be sought is not in the author but in the text (Guerin 268). Finally, Stoll's remark that hallucinations scare only the term paper e-commerce business, hallucinated (231) is it tech resume manifestly untrue. Certainly the paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business, story of children in the care of an insane governess--as the homework, novella is read, for plan business, example, by Goddard or by Cranfill and Clark--is very terrifying. Many of the points made by Stoll in 1948 had been made by lab report, other critics earlier in the period under discussion.
In 1947, for example, Robert N. Heilman, in an article entitled The Freudian Reading of The Turn of the Screw , also relied heavily on what he perceived to term strategic plan for an, be James's stated intentions in the Preface to the New York Edition version of the story. He was particularly scornful of Wilson's interpretation of the statement, She has authority, which is a good deal to high school conclusion, have given her, arguing that James intended here to invest the governess with credibility and, in so arguing, lashing out intemperately at Wilson: Once again, then, the word authority has brought about, in an unwary liberal, an emotional spasm which has resulted in a kind of emotional blindness (434). In arguing that the strategic, story is not primarily about the essay about homesickness, governess, Heilman quotes James's statement which appears on page xix in the Preface to Volume 12 of the New York Edition: . Term Paper On A Strategic. . Mather Thesis. . I saw no way, . . . to exhibit her in relations other than those; one of which, precisely, would have been her relation to her own nature (435), forgetting apparently what immediately follows: We surely have as much of her own nature as we can swallow in watching it reflected in her anxieties and deductions. . Term Paper On A Strategic Plan Business. . . Ironically, Heilman accuses Wilson of cotton mather thesis ignoring the first part of paper plan for an e-commerce this quotation and then proceeds himself to ignore the hydraulics homework, second part. Heilman also refers to James's statements about the story in correspondence but with the term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce, same selectivity, quoting extensively only the 1898 letter to H. G. Wells. Heilman argues, with some cogency, that. the governess's feelings for the master are never repressed: they are wholly in the open and are joyously talked about: even in the opening section which precedes Chapter 1, we are told that she is in bibliography love with him (436). We must wonder, however, how joyous this hopeless infatuation could be and also if affection could be consciously acknowledged while sexual feelings of a more overtly genital nature were repressed.
Heilman suggests that the infatuation is paper strategic for an e-commerce a not entirely successful method of it tech resume explaining her refusal to communicate with the employer, a refusal which would have ended the story as we know it. But, when he suggests that a technical procedure should not be mistaken for a psychopathological clue (437), he perhaps forgets that it might be both and also that it might be not quite successful in explaining this dereliction of duty only if it is term on a for an considered normal--not reporting to the employer these unusual and dire events is, after all, irrational. Heilman next turns his attention to the famous identification scene--Mrs. Grose's identification of the apparition as Quint on the basis of the governess's description following the second apparition. Heilman rather convincingly faults Wilson's suggestion that Quint and the employer might have physically resembled one another, suggesting that it can hardly be supposed that Mrs. Grose, who in such matters is very observant, would not at some time comment upon the strange resemblance of master and man (438). However, Heilman does not discuss other approaches to this problem--for example, Silver's suggestion that the governess has picked up information about Quint's appearance from the neighboring village, Cargill's suggestion that Flora may have been a source of information (James as Freudian Pioneer 19), or Goddard's suggestion that Mrs. Grose may not have been listening attentively to all of the description (15-16). Heilman, like Stoll, is unconvinced by cotton mather thesis, Wilson's reminder that only the governess is known to strategic plan, see the ghosts.
This he attributes to hydraulics homework, a sinisterly mature concealment of evil (439) on the part of the children and to the obtuseness of the appropriately named Mrs. Grose, the good but slow-witted woman who sees only the obvious in life--for instance, the sexual irregularity of Quint and Miss Jessel--but does not unassisted detect the subtler manifestations of evil (438). This argument, though questionable, is certainly superior to Stoll's simplistic, incomplete, and misleading comparisons to Shakespeare. Heilman sees great significance in the objective fact of the dismissal of term on a plan for an Miles from school--a dismissal which is unexplained and which is absolutely final (439). He perhaps fails to appreciate, however, the significance of the fact that the governess has not given us the text of the headmaster's letter and Douglas's assertion that Miles was unusually young for it tech resume, a residential school.
Heilman also attaches great importance to Miles's supreme surrender of the name of Quint at the end of the novella. In arguing that point, however, he is paper on a plan for an business unfair to Wilson when he asserts that in plain defiance of the text Wilson says that Miles has managed to see Flora before her departure and thus to find out what the governess is thinking about (439). Wilson, instead of making such a bald assertion, had merely pointed out that the text leaves open the possibility of essay such a meeting with Flora and a discussion of the governess among the two children and Mrs. Grose. Goddard had earlier made the same point in his then unpublished essay.
Heilman summarizes the unacceptable behavior of the children--their nocturnal vigils, Flora's obscene language, Miles's evasive answers to questions, etc.--but seems not to have thought of the explanation later to be advanced by Lydenberg: What is happening to the children is, clearly and terribly, the governess herself (40). In A Treatise on term paper e-commerce, the American Novel , Robert Liddell presented what he considered to be a thorough and essay irrefragable refutation of Wilson's theory. Liddell maintains that Wilson's reading requires us to disbelieve Douglas's estimate of the governess's character and give a very strained explanation of her description of Quint (141). We considered these two points in our discussion of term on a strategic plan for an Stoll, so there is no need for repetition here. Liddell also suggests that such an interpretation compels us to believe, on no evidence, that Miles had got into touch with Flora after the scene by the Lake (142). However, in our discussion of Heilman's essay we pointed out that such a meeting has been plausibly postulated by Goddard. Liddell also objects that Wilson's reading necessitates the assumption that the governess is deluded about the high school lab report conclusion, very sense-data experienced in Miles's room, not only about her interpretation of them (141).
Here, however, Liddell seems to beg the question, for a woman capable of term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce hallucinating ghostly visitants could certainly be deluded about the very sense data experienced on that occasion. Liddell's next move is simply to assert his position and then announce that his mere assertion in some way constitutes proof: But the chief objection is one of general impression: this is not what the story means, and only perverted ingenuity, of a kind which has little to do with literature, could have detected the `clue'. This is the ultimate answer to cotton, all such theories, from the Shakespeare-Bacon controversy to Verrall's brilliant perversities about on a strategic plan e-commerce Greek tragedy. Here there is a desire for a `scientific' explanation, an unwillingness to make the necessary `suspension of disbelief' in ghosts, which is completely opposed to the spirit in which the book should be read. It is only because Mr. Wilson is such a distinguished critic that the theory is worth further examination, and final refutation (142).
Here, it would appear, Liddell has abandoned argument for pontification. Liddell does a somewhat better job with his consideration of the external evidence--i.e., James's statements about the story. Commenting on James's distinction in the Preface between the governess's record of so many intense anomalies and hydraulics obscurities and term paper strategic plan for an e-commerce business her explanation of them, a different matter, Liddell offers an interpretation which is it tech resume a plausible alternative to paper strategic, Wilson's hallucination theory: . . . Essay. we can doubt her explanation of the happenings, without supposing her to be the victim of paper on a e-commerce business hallucination. She clearly believes that she sees the spirits that once animated the earthly bodies of Quint and Miss Jessel; we can believe that she did indeed see ab extra apparitions, that another person with the right vision could have seen, without accepting her view of their eschatological status. They are not spirits of the dead, matter for psychical research, but `goblins damned'--devils that have assumed the form of Quint and Miss Jessel to tempt the children (142). This is similar to the point Roellinger would later make; Roellinger pointed out that psychic investigators were frequently tolerant of various explanations for events considered to be genuinely paranormal. Liddell, however, is on less firm ground when he cites evidence from James's notebooks and correspondence concerning the origin of the story in Archbishop Benson's anecdote. Liddell may be correct in his assertion that Henry James began to construct this story not from it tech resume, a character, but from a scrap of anecdote (143), but surely the story's genesis is less important than the final form it took. Plan E-commerce. A similar point can be made about Liddell's evaluation of the do annotated essay, significance of the story's debts to The Mystery of Udolpho and Jane Eyre : It is from literature rather than from the abnormal psychology of himself or his governess that the on a strategic plan for an business, relation between her and the ghosts arises (144). Source studies can be of essay great value--but surely they are starting points for a discussion of the work's significance, not substitutes for the discussion itself.
Critics of lesser importance also attacked Wilson's non-apparitionist interpretation. A.J.A. Waldock based his entire case on plan business, Mrs. Grose's positive identification of the it tech resume, male apparition as the ghost of Peter Quint upon hearing the detailed description of the governess. Term Paper On A Strategic Plan E-commerce Business. Certainly Wilson's explanation--that Quint and the employer resembled one another--does postulate an unexplained coincidence of enormous proportions, as Wilson himself later came to see. However, if we consider answers other critics have suggested in vs love marriage essay response to this argument--the explanations of Goddard and Silver, for example--we must consider Waldock overconfident in his categorical designation of paper on a strategic plan this identification scene as the sharp little rock on which his [Wilson's] whole theory must split (332).
Nathan Bryllion Fagin fell blatantly into the intentional fallacy by resting his case exclusively on do annotated bibliography essay, the argument that Wilson's theory has no relation to James's intention (198). Fagin casually refers to the fact that Freudian psychology was something Henry James could not have been conscious of dealing with (198), ignoring the novelist's lifelong interest in paper plan e-commerce business mental illness, his brother's pioneer research in the field, and his sister's long and painful struggle with schizophrenia. In commenting on about homesickness, Wilson's assertion that the on a plan for an business, novella might be informed by cotton thesis, a profound grasp of subconscious processes, Fagin, with almost incredible lack of sophistication, advances the paper on a strategic plan e-commerce business, following argument: But by the same method it is hydraulics possible to on a plan for an e-commerce, build up an excellent case for a Freudian interpretation of essay Hamlet , and term e-commerce business surely that would not be reflective of Shakespeare's intention. Although it might be an interesting disclosure of the hydraulics, workings of the term paper on a for an, psychoanalyst's mind, it would tell us little or nothing about Shakespeare's (198). The foregoing provides an interesting example of how the high school, intentional fallacy can impoverish our understanding of literary works. Fagin is on firmer ground when he argues that the work can be read as a moral allegory in the Hawthorne tradition. He seems, however, not to entertain the possibility that this approach and term strategic plan for an business the Freudian one could be synthesized--as, for cotton mather thesis, example, they would later be by both Firebaugh and Lydenberg. Philip Rahv also was guilty of the intentional fallacy and rather hasty in his assumption that the non-apparitionist approach is term paper on a e-commerce business so elementary as to make the story less rather than more interesting (624). Psychological insights such as those of Wilson and Goddard seem, on the contrary, to add depth and meaning to the story.
Rahv may be correct, however, in arguing against school lab report, an exclusive concern with the psychology of the governess: It lets off, so to speak, too many of the agents--the servants and the children (624). Of course, readings such as those of Firebaugh or Lydenberg, which synthesize apparitionist and non-apparitionist approaches are not open to this objection--and neither are some psychoanalytic reader-response approaches. Although he does not offer a detailed analysis, Rahv seems to favor the latter approach, for he seems mainly concerned with how the story produces its designated horror in the reader: . . . it is paper strategic plan e-commerce not difficult to see that in The Turn of the Screw the vs love marriage essay, element of mystification is united with an term on a strategic plan for an e-commerce element of morbid sexuality. It is the sexuality expressed through the machinery of the supernatural that makes for the overwhelming effect (624). This type of psychoanalytic reading does not concern itself exclusively with the governess. For example, according to lab report, Rahv, the `badness' of the paper for an, prowling demonic spirits is of an arranged vs love erotic nature. . . Term On A Strategic. (624). Some critics, of course, agreed with Wilson's approach to the story. Stephen Spender, in 1935, praised Wilson for school conclusion, having worked out in paper on a strategic plan business great detail a theory that The Turn of the Screw is a story of the repressed sexual delusions of the governess who is the narrator.
According to Spender, Wilson's theory is plausible because. the sexual imagery is amazingly worked out. The valet, whom she sees, appears on a tower, and is dressed in the clothes of the master, with whom she is in love. The governess, her predecessor and bibliography essay rival, always appears behind a lake of water (35). Ivor Winters, commenting on the dispute between Wilson and plan e-commerce business his apparitionist antagonists, opined that, while there are difficulties of interpretation either way, (316-17), Wilson's view is more plausible than the popular one (317). Winters went on to assert that the story thus interpreted has great illustrative value (317) for Winters's moralistic theory of literature, which holds that the work of literature, in so far as it is essay about homesickness valuable, approximates a real apprehension and communication of a particular kind of objective truth and that the literary work is good in so far as it makes a defensible rational statement about a given human experience (the experience need not be real but must be in some sense possible) and at term paper strategic e-commerce, the same time communicates the emotion which ought to be motivated by that rational understanding of that experience (11). Winters is contrasting this theory of the do annotated bibliography essay, function of term paper on a for an e-commerce literature with three other theories: the didactic--which, holding that the function of literature is to provide instruction, fails to realize that the paraphrasable content of the work is never equal to the work, and that our theory of literature must account not only for hydraulics homework, the paraphrasable content but for the work itself (4); the hedonistic--which sees pleasure as the end of life, and literature either as a heightener of pleasure or as the purveyor of a particular and more or less esoteric variety of pleasure (4); and the Romantic--which sees literature as a form of what is plan for an e-commerce business known popularly as self-expression (8). According to Winters, The Turn of the Screw --when interpreted according to his moralistic theory--can be seen as an illustration of the gap between rational motive and resulting state of arranged mind, a gap which is so wide as to include every item in the story: for this reason the governess must be insane (317). Winters's approach here is, thus, very different from that of new critics such as Goddard who base their arguments on the text itself, phenomenological critics such as Kenton who seek to ascertain the author's method, or psychoanalytic critics such as Wilson. Instead, Winters suggests that the story be read a certain way because, when read that way, it lends support to term paper strategic for an, a particular theory of literature, the superiority of essay about which can be established on other grounds--namely, the theory's avoidance of the shortcomings of its three rivals and its ability to account both for the power of paper on a strategic plan business poetry and of artistic literature in general on its readers and for the seriousness with which the great poets have taken their art (11).
Paradise Lost , according to mather thesis, Winters, can serve as a clear illustration of the shortcomings of the three other theories: Milton, for example, did not write Paradise Lost to give pleasure to Professor So-and-So, nor did he write it to give free reign to his emotions; he wrote it in order to 'justify the ways of God to man,' and the justification involved not merely a statement of theory but a conformity of the emotional nature of term on a strategic for an man with the theory (12). Osborn Andreas, relating the work to the whole of the cotton mather thesis, Jamesian canon, sees it as one of many examples of emotional cannibalism, which he defines as any act of interference with others which is motivated by an egoistic desire for emotional gratification (22). We find here a synthesis of what we might term authorial criticism--as Andreas provides numerous examples of other such cannibals--and formalistic criticism, as Andreas offers us a reading of a number of incidents in the story itself which end with the children being swept away to destruction by the force of their governess's emotional cannibalism (47). Thus, for example, Andreas accounts for the illness of term on a for an Flora and the death of Miles by suggesting that. the governess . . It Tech Resume. . subjects Flora and Miles . . . to all the vagaries of her progressively more and more deranged mind, until through sheer terror Flora goes into a delirium with brain fever, and Miles, harder pressed than Flora, is term paper strategic plan for an e-commerce literally scared to hydraulics, death (46). Andreas offers us an explanation of the reader's experience which is consistent with Wilson's analysis of the governess as suffering from sex repression if we remember that, for Freud, sex is more than genitality: The sense of horror we get from paper on a strategic e-commerce business, The Turn of the high school lab report conclusion, Screw comes from paper strategic, its purity; we cannot say of the vs love marriage, governess as we can of Madame Merle or Kate Croy: she wanted money. The governess wanted emotion for its own sake only, and she therefore did not need any of the ordinary and easily recognized motivations. She is a symbol of that rapacity which peoples its private world with emotions torn from term paper strategic plan e-commerce, their context and do annotated essay filched from the persons of those whom it has victimized (50).
Some critics during this period appear to have been groping for a synthesis of the apparitionist and non-apparitionist positions, although detailed developments of that type did not occur until Firebaugh and Lydenberg, independently of term on a plan for an e-commerce business one another, formulated such positions in 1957. For example, in a 1942 radio symposium which The Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. later published in a volume entitled The New Invitation to Learning , Katherine Anne Porter, Allen Tate, and Mark Van Doren discussed The Turn of the Screw . In the course of this discussion Van Doren said that. . . Hydraulics Homework. . it is she [the governess] who corrupts the term paper on a strategic plan for an e-commerce, children and cotton thesis brings about the death of the little boy. Term Plan. Nevertheless, that is precisely my way of cotton understanding how potent the evil in this story is. The evil isn't merely thought to be; it is an actuality which passes through her as a perfectly transparent and non- resistant medium and then passes through the children. The evil is on a strategic plan for an e-commerce business somehow there (229).
Tate summed up his view of the story in this way: The governess doesn't invent these apparitions; they merely use her as a medium. Because, obviously, the monstrous proportions of the evil are so great that they are beyond the power of any individual imagination to invent. There is something much stronger than the mather thesis, governess operating through her (229). Later, Tate suggested that. . . . her personal motivation, what she expected to get out of it and all that--has a perfectly naturalistic basis. Nevertheless, I would describe it as the matrix out of which something much greater comes.
As a matter of fact, we can go back and take the great tragic characters in drama, or the great religious heroes, too. They will all have some psychological motivation which we can see in terms of their peculiar situations. At the term plan for an business, same time . . . the psychological basis doesn't explain it all. . It Tech Resume. . (231). Porter eloquently and clearly summed up the strategic plan e-commerce, consensus: An illuminant is not always an cotton mather illuminant for good. Strategic. The most dangerous people in it tech resume the world are the strategic for an, illuminated ones through whom forces act when they themselves are unconscious of their own motives. And yet, no force has ever acted through either a saint or an conclusion evil person that wasn't somehow directed to further the ends and the ambitions and term paper on a the hopes of that person, which makes me feel that the instrument is not altogether so innocent and so helpless as we have been saying. Because, after all, the governess had her positive motive--she was in love with the do annotated bibliography, master. She had a deep sense of her inferior situation in life, and was almost hopeless of ever attracting his attention.
And I do think that this love, which was quite hopeless, which was an ingrown thing, took this form; she herself, in her imagination--yes, unconscious of her motives--designed all this dram to make the term business, desire situation possible--that she would arrive somewhere at it tech resume, a level with the man she loved and term on a e-commerce create some sort of communication with him (230-31). Leon Edel, in his introduction to the 1948 edition of The Ghostly Tales of Henry James , seemed to imply that the objective reality or lack thereof of ghostly visitations is not of much importance in this and school lab report other Jamesian ghostly tales, for, according to Edel, of paramount interest are . . . the persons who see the apparitions. The interest, thus, is not in term on a strategic plan e-commerce business ghosts per se but in haunted people--and, these haunted by phantoms usually of their own creation. It is the experience of these people, contends Edel, that affects us--regardless of what realities may or may not exist apart from their experience. Henry James's ghosts possess an it tech resume unusual degree of reality because we see them unvariably through the people who see or `feel' them. It is these people's vision of the supernatural that he almost invariably gives us; which is why his ghost stories have seemed to term paper on a strategic for an e-commerce business, some readers to be among the most terrifying ever written (26-27). D. Effects on Psychoanalytic Criticism. In addition to providing the major impetus for the debate between apparitionists and non-apparitionists, Wilson's essay contributed to a greater interest in the psychological analysis of James the man and in homework the effects his psychological characteristics had on the art which he produced. Thus, echoing Wilson, F. R. Leavis, in term paper plan e-commerce business 1937, discerned in the author some failure about the roots and at the lower levels of life (416), which, in turn, was mirrored in his fiction. L. C. Knights, in 1938, without specifically discussing The Turn of the Screw , listed a host of trapped spectators in hydraulics homework the Jamesian canon, each of whom is merely a watcher, unable to participate freely and fully in human experience (602) and contended that this preoccupation with the plight of the trapped creature (605) can be at least partially attributed to two elements in the author's history: the tendency of the elder Henry James to too successfully cultivate in term plan for an business his second son the faculty of do annotated detachment by, among other things, too much exposure to diverse geographical influences; and the fact that, later, James settled in England . . . but he never became at home there. . . (601).
The language Knights employs to describe the villains who trap others and are sometimes trapped themselves seems to echo many critics' descriptions of the governess. Thus, his egotists--whether they are calculating or frivolous or insensitive or armed with righteousness or a mixture of these qualities--are condemned because, as moral parasites, they thwart the free development of another's life (603-4). Term On A Plan For An. One paragraph is worth quoting at some length: . Do Annotated Bibliography Essay. . . Henry James's `villains' have one characteristic in common: they all, in some way, use other people. They may prey on others for their money, but James is not much interested in common robbery, and usually their predatoriness takes forms which are less obvious and more gross. They make excessive demands for sympathy and term on a strategic for an e-commerce try to absorb their victims' life into their own, as Olive Chancellor attempts to absorb Verena Tarrant in The Bostonians ; they `primed with a moral scheme of the most approved pattern' which--like the representatives of Wollett in The Ambassadors --they apply as a universal yardstick, or--like the hydraulics homework, relatives of strategic for an e-commerce Owen Wingrave--they demand a course of conduct which cuts across the essential nature of the individual; or they display a gross insensitiveness to the feelings of others, like the crude young reporter in The Reverberator or the cultivated literary gentleman of The Aspern Papers . As these references indicate, the `villainy' that James is interested in is rarely simple wickedness; it is cotton mather thesis quite often an on a plan for an unholy righteousness, and it is no accident that the phrase `the brutality of her good conscience' from The Middle Years , turns up again as `a high brutality of good intentions,' in The Spoils of Poynton (602-3). In 1943, the psychoanalyst Saul Rosenzweig, without specifically discussing The Turn of the Screw , opined that James's ghosts, unlike the ordinary creatures of their kind, . . . fail to represent the remnants of once-lived lives but point instead to hydraulics, the irrepressible unlived life (436).
Rosenzweig traces this peculiar preoccupation to a combined guilt and inferiority (440) resulting from an term on a for an identification with his maimed father and guilt over his own exemption from service in the Civil War following a back injury which was in hydraulics homework some sense a repetition--that by one of those devious paths of paper on a plan for an identification which creates strange needs in sensitive personalities (440). Rosenzweig suggests that James's prolific expenditure of energy (455) on behalf of the British cause during World War I, along with his becoming a British citizen, were the means of recovery from identification with the crippled (`castrated') but powerful father (454) and that . . . he re-established contact with the realities of his environment by these acts and in the same degree he thus succeeded in laying to rest the ghost of homework his unlived past before death overtook him (455). Finally, Leon Edel, in his introduction to The Ghostly Tales of term plan e-commerce business Henry James , without mentioning Wilson by bibliography, name, accounts for the ghostly tales of the 1890's as reverting to the stratagem of . . . boyhood . On A For An Business. . . when he had escaped into a passivity that won him the name of `angel' and made him the favorite of his mother (xviii). In obvious debt to Wilson, Edel accounts for this reversion by tracing the double disappointment of lack of suitable appreciation of his fiction in the 1870's and it tech resume his later disasters in paper plan e-commerce business writing for the theater. The preoccupation with abnormal childhoods found in The Turn of the Screw and other stories of the period Edel traces to James's renewed obsession with his own childhood. Homework. The governess is afflicted with the consuming curiosity of Fatima, Blue Beard's ultimate wife, (xxi) and her curiosity reflects the sexual unfulfillment of the author: . . . Paper Strategic For An E-commerce Business. What was the relationship between Miss Jessel and Peter Quint? The governess is jealous of her predecessors and filled with hostility--and curious to the point of exasperation; and it is a curiosity suppressed and never appeased, for the children do not talk of the mather, past. This curiosity was not peculiar to the governess; it is the curiosity of the author of the tale and extends to other of the term paper on a strategic plan, characters, observers, narrators, Henry created during these years.
The middle-aged writer is curious about his childhood; and there is at the same time a return to the curiosity of the child himself sitting back and surveying his elders and wondering what happens in the locked rooms of the adult world (xxii). One of the hydraulics homework, merits of psychoanalytic criticism which focuses on the author is that analysis of a particular work can then be fruitfully related to the rest of the author's canon. This Edel does--as Wilson had done fourteen years earlier. Term Paper Plan For An E-commerce Business. This story, Edel insists, is thus not the isolated work most critics have believed it to school conclusion, be but rather the culminating point of the forces--the conflicts, struggles, frustrations, the sense of artistic oblivion (death-in-life), the regression to paper strategic plan, childhood--the forces that prompted Henry James to put down a dozen ghostly tales in ten years. . . (xxiii). We began this chapter with a consideration of what is arguably the it tech resume, historically most important non-apparitionist essay on The Turn of the Screw . In 1948 Robert N. Heilman published The Turn of the Screw as Poem, which is perhaps the most famous argument for the apparitionist position. Heilman contends that, at the level of action, the term on a strategic for an business, story means exactly what it says--i.e., that the governess's assumptions about the evil of Quint and Jessel, the hydraulics homework, corruption of the children, and the return from the dead of the nefarious servants--are all to be accepted at term paper plan for an, face value. The plot conveys the oldest of high school lab report themes--the struggle of strategic plan e-commerce evil to school, possess the human soul (175). This theme is combined with highly suggestive and even symbolic language which permeates the entire story--so that the story becomes, indeed, a dramatic poem (176). Heilman attends closely to the language of the term on a strategic plan e-commerce, story and cites numerous examples of references to the innocence and beauty of the mather thesis, children at the outset and the depth of their later degradation to establish that, in this story, the strategic plan for an e-commerce business, incorruptible . Do Annotated. . . have taken on corruption (176) and that the real subject is the dual nature of man, who is plan for an a little lower than the angels, and who yet can become a slave in it tech resume the realm of evil (177-78). Consequently, according to Heilman, the ghosts are evil, evil which comes subtly, conquering before it is wholly seen; the governess, Cassandra-like in the intuitions which are inaccessible to others, is the guardian whose function it is to detect and attempt to ward off evil; Mrs. Grose--whose name, like the narrator's title, has virtually allegorical significance--is the commonplace mortal, well intentioned, but perceiving only the obvious; the children are the victims of evil, victims who, ironically, practice concealment--who doubtless must conceal--when not to conceal is essential to salvation (175).
Heilman detects also in the language of the story unmistakable echoes of the paper on a strategic e-commerce business, Garden of Eden (178). According to Heilman, Miles and Flora become the childhood of the do annotated essay, race . . Paper On A For An E-commerce. . . Even the names themselves have a representative quality as those of James's characters often do: Miles--the soldier, the archetypal male; Flora--the flower, the essential female. . It Tech Resume. . (178-79). The language used to describe the term on a plan for an e-commerce business, children and the change within them is complemented, according to Heilman, by James's management of the setting and of other ingredients in the drama, as the idyllic descriptions of Bly in the spring (at the beginning of the hydraulics, story) suggest that the country estate is paper on a strategic business almost an Eden where `the three lived in a cloud of music and love' and where `the old trees, the cotton thesis, thick shrubbery, made a great and pleasant shade'. . . . The change in the children, Heilman points out, which is shown by the change from images of light and purity to those of darkness and term paper on a ill health and even premature age are accompanied by changes in it tech resume the language used to describe the setting, which is gradually altered until we reach the dark ending of a November whose coldness and term paper e-commerce business deadness are unobtrusively but unmistakably stressed;. . . ' the homework, autumn had dropped . . . and blown out half our lights' . . On A Strategic Business. .; the governess now notices `grey sky and withered garlands,' `bared spaces and scattered dead leaves' (179). Thus, the end of the story, says Heilman, corresponds to bibliography, not merely the end of a year but the end of a cycle: the spring of gay, bright human innocence has given way to the dark autumn--or rather, as we might pun, to the dark fall.
As this progression occurs, the earlier light imagery changes to a hard, powerful, ugly light--an especially effective transformation of the apparently benign luminousness of the spring as Quint, Jessel, and Miles are shown, at various times, to be glaring (179-80). Coincidental to this passage of time in the story, Heilman observes, is a shift from language suggestive of youthful innocence to that which suggests an paper plan business abnormal aging of the children. Heilman gives examples of instances in which we are aware of a strange maturity in them--in, for instance, their poise, their controlled utilization of their unusual talents to give pleasure. Heilman also reminds us of descriptive phrases applied by arranged essay, the other governess and/or Mrs. Grose. Strategic For An E-commerce. Thus, . . . the governess speaks of her feeling that Miles is `accessible as an older person' . . . the homework, governess assures Mrs. Grose . . . that, at meetings with Miss Jessel, Flora is `not a child' but `an old, old woman' . . . Mrs. Grose sums up, `It has made her, every inch of her, quite old' (180). Heilman, furthermore, calls attention to the language used to describe Quint, whose characteristics are unmistakably the characteristics of a snake and to language which suggests that the influence of the two spectres has been that of a poison redolent of the term paper strategic e-commerce, forbidden fruit in homework the Garden of Eden (181).
By this combination of language suggesting external malign influences and language suggesting change in the children, moreover, James, according to plan for an business, Heilman, presents evil both as agent (the demons) and as effect (the transformation in the once fresh and beautiful and innocent children) and, consequently, these attacking forces, as often in Elizabethean drama, are seen in two aspects. Dr. Faustus has to meet an enemy which has an inner and an outer reality--his own thoughts, and Mephistopheles. . . (183). In Heilman's view, Miles's final cry, You devil! is. his final transvaluation of values: she who would be his savior has become for him a demon. Essay About Homesickness. His face gives a `convulsive supplication' [sic]--that is, actually, a prayer, for and to Quint, the demon who has become his total deity. But the god isn't there, and Miles despairs and dies (183-84). Here Heilman sees biblical motifs combined with other literary ones: . . . Faustus's savage attack, in Marlowe's play, upon the Old Man who has been trying to save him. . . and Everyman; and mankind undergoing, in his Golden Age, an elemental conflict. . . (184).
The language applied to the governess, Heilman suggests, and the words used by the governess suggest. that James is attaching to her the quality of savior, not only in a general sense, but with certain Christian associations. She uses words like `atonement'; she speaks of herself as an `expiatory victim,' of her `pure suffering,' and at various times--twice in the final scene--of her `torment.' Very early she plans to term strategic for an, `shelter my pupils,' to `absolutely save' them; she speaks variously of about her `service,' to `protect and defend the little creatures . . Paper On A Plan For An. . High. bereaved . . . loveable' (184). In addition to combinations of term on a strategic plan e-commerce business literary motifs, Heilman perceives various theological threads in the story. The last scene is suggestive, he says of the Catholic sacrament of confession. . . . the long final scene really takes place in homesickness the confessional, with the priest endeavoring, by both word and gesture, to protect her charge against the evil force whose invasion has, with consummate irony, carried even there. This theme of term paper strategic plan salvation and damnation which finally achieves specific form in the sacramentalism of the do annotated, closing scenes is enriched by faint traces of theological speculation as to the nature of original sin. Thus, Heilman calls attention to the governess's description of the children as blameless and foredoomed, observing that. . Term Paper On A Plan For An. . . Hydraulics Homework. original sin . . . fits exactly into the machinery of this story of two beautiful children who in a lovely springtime of existence already suffer, not unwillingly, hidden injuries which will eventually destroy them (185). Finally, these biblical, theological, and literary allusions are complemented by a few dry and casual ecclesiastical mementos, even though the novella contains no old familiar signs announcing a religious orientation of experience . Paper On A Strategic For An. . . nothing of the it tech resume, Bible overtly . . . Paper On A E-commerce Business. no texts, no clergymen . . . no conventional indices of religious feeling--no invocations or prayers or meditations. . . . These few dry and casual ecclesiastical mementoes, however, according to Heilman, exert some ever-so mild symbolic pressures, as of a not very articulate wispish presence that quietly makes itself felt. Thus, Heilman reminds us that. the reading of the story . It Tech Resume. . . takes place during the Christmas season; the framework action begins on Christmas Eve.
Quint appears for paper plan for an, the first time on a Sunday, a grey, rainy Sunday, just before the governess is about to go to the late church service with Mrs. Grose; after that she is, she says, `not fit for church' . Arranged Marriage Essay. . . she speaks of the `inconceivable communion' of which she has learned--a Black Mass, as it were (186). Some of term plan for an business this religious material, moreover, says Heilman, is organized into a definitely ironic pattern which mimics the bibliography, major New Testament events--i.e., those occurring from Good Friday through Easter Sunday. Miles's direct confrontation with the governess on the way to term plan business, church, in the fourteenth chapter, according to Heilman, introduces a straight-line action which continues with remarkably increasing tension to the end of the conclusion, story . . . and paper on a strategic plan here is the notable point--takes only arranged vs love marriage, three days. Ironically, the on a strategic, governess undertakes her quasi-priestly function with a new intensity and it tech resume aggressiveness on a Sunday--beginning thus on the day when the term paper plan for an, New Testament action is not begun but successfully completed. Three days later--after having definitely failed to save Flora--she ends her ministry with her final attempt to save Miles. The would-be redeemer of the living is called `devil'; in Quint we see one who has risen again to tempt the living to destruction--that is, the resurrection and mather the death.
Here, Sunday does not triumphantly end a symbolic ordeal that had begun in apparent failure on Friday; rather it hopefully initiates a struggle which is to end, on the third day, in term paper strategic for an e-commerce business bitter loss. . . . To transmit its quality and to it tech resume, embrace all of its associations, may we not call it a Black Easter? (187). Heilman does not suggest that this material yields some straightforward paraphrasable message, nor, it would appear, would he be interested in such a message. He is attempting, instead, to delineate that combination of elements James has fashioned which. . . .endows his tale with an atmosphere in which we sense the plan for an business, pressure of so much more imaginative force than meets the cotton mather thesis, casual fiction-reading eye. In attempting to state schematically the origins of that pressure, we fall into much more blunt statements that we ought to term on a strategic for an e-commerce, make. We say, too forthrightly, that Bly `becomes' a Garden of Eden. As in studying all good poetry, we must resist the impulse to line up, on a secondary level of meaning, exact equivalents for the narrative elements, for such a procedure stems from the rude assumption that every part of the story is precision- tooled cog in an allegorical machine (188). Nevertheless, Heilman is careful to insist that, while the story cannot be reduced to some paraphrasable message, these patterns, which overlap and interfuse in a way badly obscured by the clumsy analytical process, are unquestionably important in the formation of the story and the qualifying of essay its meaning. Paper On A Strategic For An. . . (188). Heilman's essay, like Wilson's, has, in a powerful way, called attention to an important dimension of the do annotated essay, story and one which, otherwise, might not have been accorded sufficient recognition. However, while Wilson appears to ignore religious elements which, as Heilman has shown, are unquestionably there, so Heilman fails to plan e-commerce business, consider the homework, case against the governess, a case which so many critics have made. Paper On A Strategic For An Business. This is vs love why, in my opinion, the essays of such critics as Bewley, Firebaugh, and Lydenberg, all of which will be discussed in term strategic plan for an the next chapter, are much richer interpretations of the story than is either Wilson's or Heilman's.
Heilman's essay should be categorized as an essay example of term paper on a plan for an e-commerce business exponential criticism, which is concerned with patterns of language--including motif, image, symbol, and archetype (Guerin 197). Heilman's essay should not be considered moral or theological criticism in the traditional sense because he is not aiming to extract paraphrasable messages, nor would we term it mythological or archetypal criticism, since Heilman's concern with poetic language includes more than the consideration of those patterns which would be considered archetypes. Furthermore, his aim is it tech resume not to illustrate tenets of term on a plan for an e-commerce Jungian psychology or explain in discursive fashion how the work acts upon bibliography essay the unconscious of the reader. Paper On A Strategic Plan E-commerce. Rather, his critical method seems to arranged vs love essay, fit the description of exponential criticism advanced by Guerin et alia : Bit by bit, as we notice instances of a pattern, we work our way into paper on a the experience of the story, poem, or play. As we follow the hints of thematic statement, recognize similar but new images, or identify related symbols, we gradually come to live the experience inherent in the work.
The evocative power of it tech resume steadily repeated images and symbols makes the experience a part of our own consciousness and sensibility. Thus the image satisfies our senses, the pattern our instinctive desire for order, and the thematic statement our intellect and our moral sensibility (196-97). Our survey in this chapter of the apparitionist/ non-apparitionist debate following Wilson's seminal essay would seem to reflect an overwhelming predominance of apparitionist opinion during this period. This outpouring, which culminated in the publication of the Heilman essay which we have just discussed, was what led, perhaps, to Wilson's partial retreat in 1948. In an addendum to his essay The Ambiguity of Henry James, Wilson, in the 1948 edition of The Triple Thinkers , made the following admission: . . . it has struck me that I forced a point in trying to explain away the passage in which the housekeeper identifies, from the governess' description, the male apparition with Peter Quint. The recent publication of Henry James's notebooks seems, besides, to make it quite plain that James's conscious intention, in The Turn of the Screw , was to write a bona fide ghost story . . . Paper Strategic E-commerce Business. (123). He, therefore, revised his position thus: One is led to conclude that, in The Turn of the Screw , not merely is the governess self-deceived, but James is self-deceived about her (125).
This would appear not to be a major change in the interpretation of the work; however, by making this revision, it would also appear that Wilson has devalued the work--for the identification scene must then be viewed as a mistake--and a serious one--on the part of James. The period covered by this chapter--1934 to 1948, inclusive--is bounded by two outstanding and thesis famous critical essays arguing respectively the non- apparitionist and apparitionist position, the latter essay's publication coinciding roughly with a partial retraction on the part of the author of the former essay. Since Heilman's outstanding example of exponential criticism was published only a year after he specifically replied to Wilson, it is reasonable to assume that his famous theological reading might not have been formulated had Wilson not so effectively argued the opposing case. Thus, Wilson clearly dominates the period under discussion. Wilson's essays were fine examples of that type of psychoanalytic criticism which focuses on the author and, in so doing, sheds additional light on the literary work.
His criticism never deteriorated into mere psychoanalysis of an paper strategic for an business individual of historical importance; rather, his aim was always better to understand the works in question and the readers' responses to these works by exploring the creative processes of the author and the persona which the author projected in the narrative. His criticism related The Turn of the homesickness, Screw to the rest of the term paper on a strategic plan for an, Jamesian canon in such a way that the novella and hydraulics the rest of the canon served to illuminate one another. The 1938 revision, in addition to considering additional internal evidence to support Wilson's thesis, and expanding the discussion of plan James's other works, offered insights which could be further developed in hydraulics homework a Jungian reading of the story. In addition to providing the paper strategic plan business, main impetus for the debate between the apparitionists and non-apparitionists, Wilson's essay sparked a great interest in the psychology of James the man and artist, so much so that L. C. Knight felt constrained to homesickness, point out that the value of James's stories of `detached' or `excluded' observers of life . . . is something to be determined by term on a strategic plan business, the methods of arranged vs love literary criticism (607) rather than by armchair psychoanalysis of the man who wrote the stories--a truth of paper business which Wilson himself never needed to be reminded. The apparitionist reaction to Wilson culminated in high lab report conclusion Heilman's outstanding example of exponential criticism.
Heilman and Wilson both pointed out important truths about the story--Heilman, religious exponents and Wilson, psychological realities--so that each of their readings is, by itself, incomplete. It would take later critics--Lydenberg, Firebaugh, and Bewley, for example--to synthesize the two sets of insights and demonstrate that each is needed to paper on a strategic plan for an e-commerce, provide what the other lacks. This dissertation or any part(s) of it may be downloaded and/or reproduced for educational/scholarly purposes and quoted, paraphrased, and summarized with proper attribution. No commercial use may be made of homework this material without the author's permission. You may contact Dr. Edward Parkinson via e-mail.