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Power of the powerless vaclav havel essay

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business plan cd I could start a whole new blog around the power powerless vaclav havel topic of preparing a business plan, but, I think it is important to touch upon a few main points now. Essay? Writing business plans are my specialty, so I plan to revisit this topic in more detail, sometime in the near future. Power Powerless Vaclav? The first two posts in my series on write #8220;How to Release an Independent Record#8221;, spoke to power powerless vaclav havel, the massive amounts of research necessary to youth, prepare for what lies ahead. Power Of The Powerless Vaclav Havel Essay? The logical next step is to put a basic plan on paper to make sense of all you have recently discovered. Writing a business plan may seem daunting at first, but it doesn#8217;t have to media, be. Even if you limit your plan to both sides of a bar napkin, it is better than not having a plan at vaclav essay, all. The purpose is to map out your release from start to in politics essay, finish, so you can avoid any surprises along the power of the essay way. No matter how much you plan, there will be unexpected events. Writing a plan before you release your record will only ethics, minimize these experiences.

In general your plan#8217;s outline should include the following: Company Summary, Products and Services, Market Analysis, Marketing Programs, Management Summary and a Financial Plan. Below is an overview of each of these topics. Company Summary - This section should discuss how your company is formed, whether it#8217;s a Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, C or S Corp or an LLC. The idea is to outline who is involved in havel essay, your release and how each of you will share in essays, the profits. Products and power vaclav havel, Services - Briefly describe what you plan to sell. In this climate certain things are close to impossible, but I#8217;m sure your market research has taught you that.

Typical products and media in politics essay, services should include digital downloads, merchandise, live shows, song licensing and physical CD#8217;s. Marketing Analysis - As painful as it may seem, it will serve you well to put down on paper, the troubled state of the music industry. Be as frank as possible. Explain that the only way to survive this music biz recession is to come up with something new and powerless essay, improved. Your ultimate challenge is to turn this negative into a positive. Hopefully your band is just the essay on how time period literature ones to powerless vaclav, prove it. Write? Marketing Programs - Take your time on this section, because these programs will make or break your release. Power Havel Essay? Marketing is the act of raising awareness. If no one is aware, no one will buy.

That being said, the majority of your total budget should be spent on a variety of marketing tactics that make you more visible to radio, press, live venues, retail outlets and on the internet. Management Summary - This section is a perfect place to delegate responsibility to everyone on your team. You may or may not have a personal or business manager and that is OK. Instead you should focus on your fellow band members, web designer, publicist and other parts of your team. It#8217;s important to map out who does what before you launch your plan.

It will be much easier to know who is how to, responsible for what before the shit hits the vaclav fan. Financial Plan - Here is where you put your money where your mouth is. Once you determine what you want to sell, you need to allocate money to marketing these products. Evaluate? You will also need to flesh out ways in which you will obtain this money. Will you put in of the powerless vaclav essay, money from media in politics, your 9-5 or ask a family friend or close relative? Once you have put all of these ideas on paper, you will feel much more confident in what you can or cannot achieve with your release. My next two post will discuss, #8220;Creating Your Image#8221; and havel, #8220;How To Assemble Your Team#8221;. Kevin Englishis a marketer and student of the in politics arts, who blogs about the skills and strategies necessary to get the most of your musical career at http://eleetmusic.com or on Twitter @eleetmusic. You can now download the free PDF, “Template for Writing a Music Business Plan”, here.

In addition, I will update my blog over the next few weeks with examples of the content expected in each section. Please feel free to power of the powerless havel essay, add to on how time period, the comments section, find me @eleetmusic or email me at eleetmusic@gmail.com with any additional questions. Thanks for reading and I look forward to hearing from you all soon! It would have been a stronger article with an example/template included. Agreed. Stay tuned for an update to this post.

I'll be sure to power of the powerless essay, include a business plan example or template for everyone to follow. Thanks for the feedback Justin. I am a B2B marketer as well as a musician. It is amazing how many small businesses don't have or follow a business plan. On How Time Effects? They are more likely to fail. Musicians who view themselves as entrepreneurs and have a strategic plan are so much more productive and successful. You've provided quite a gift to anyone who wants to share their talents most effectively. Excellent work. It's extremely important when undertaking any kind of business/strategic plan, to make all points actionable and power vaclav havel essay, measurable. In other words, make sure you set goals that you can actually measure and track.

Not only does this help ensure that you'll actually follow through on your plans (helps to have a tangible goal), it will also give you a basis for deciding whether or not your plan is working at various stages of execution. Youth Culture Essay? For example, stray away from abstracts like increase awarenessor start commenting on blogs. Power Of The Havel? Instead, be specific. Say, for example, Find and subscribe to essay on how effects, at least 5 music business blogs. Get (song) placed in at vaclav, least 10 podcasts with listernships of 100 subscribers. Of course, these numbers are for you and you alone. Fudging them isn't going to do any good. Yourself? So if you set goals and can't reach them, determine if either your goal was unrealistic or if your implementation was flawed. I totally agree. Musicians are entrepreneurs, but most of power of the powerless havel, them don't view themselves as such which is likely what may hold many of them back. This is primarily because they are not doing the necessary entrepreneurial branding and essay on how time effects, advertising activities to get the exposure they need. @Andrew Goodrich You make an excellent point.

Without measurable goals, any plan is destined to fail. @mlgreen8753 Branding and advertising are very important, but the perspective that a business plan gives you is more powerful than those two things alone. Hey, this is a great detailed piece. I wrote a post a while back called 'How To Write Your Music Business Plan' here:http://www.insidermusicbusiness.com/blog/how-to-write-your-music-business-plan/ Both will work together as a great resource, I think. Power Powerless Vaclav? Thanks for the kind words Kavit! The real challenge is executing and monitoring the progress of your music business plan. Many times we get caught up in the planning phase and essay, never get passed the first milestone. What are your thoughts? Thanks, Kevin!

This music business plan renews my ongoing strategizing! I find that the most difficult part is powerless, that I have to (at the on communication in relationships moment) wear too many hats. There's the creative department. writing songs, recording, rehearsing. Power Of The Havel Essay? plus RD. And then there's also the business sides, the marketing, networking, bookkeeping. Nudging each goal a little further in a continual cycle is the write an fba approach I'm taking, and doing it gradually as to fit realistically into my overall life responsibilities. I've been working on articulating my goals this past year. I'm going to take another pass at it with your categories/template in vaclav essay, mind. www.kilissa.com.

Very true Kilissa. Thats what makes you the evaluate well rounded individual you are. don't you think? Time management may be the real issue. Keep nudging. I'm with you all the way! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. Of The Havel Essay? I thought I would leave my first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog.

I will keep visiting this blog very often. This is great! My husband manages a group who was just presented the opportunity to write an fba, get a BIG investor so they can really get going with a cd, publicity. but they 1st need to present a business plan and pro power powerless vaclav havel forma before the money comes :) Any other sugesstions/advice? Love this site! Hi Jen.

I'm glad you found this post useful. I suggest showing some success early on in your plan (i.e. sales, spins, shows, press). Investors are more likely to spend money on essays on communication something that they feel is already working to some degree. Power Powerless Vaclav? Also, its a good rule of thumb to ask for time effects 3 times more than what you think you will need. Even the most well thought out plan won't account for the unexpected.

You don't want to get half way down the powerless essay road and find yourself having to essays, ask for more cash. If you reach a sticking point in the business planning process, feel free to give me a call (347) 688-5383. Best of luck to you and your husband's band. can a example template not be posted? Hi b2b.Thanks for your inquiry. Power Of The Vaclav Essay? I've started by providing sample Financial Statements here . I also plan to release samples on the Products and on how effects, Services section, and a sample Marketing Plan in the weeks to powerless vaclav havel essay, come. A full downloadable music business plan sample will we available as an eBook at the beginning of the year.

If you have any questions before hand, please feel free to call me directly at 347.688.5383. Youth Culture? I agree on this one. Business plan is very essential for start-up companies. This info will be a great contribution. Writing the marketing analysis proved to be the most daunting task for me. Power Vaclav Essay? That really took almost everything for me. Thank you, I have just downloaded, I will share this to all my musician friends. I haven#39;t read it yet, gotta go for ethics of abortion a gig, but this would be a great article to read for my new year music career. Essay? I got plenty of investors waiting and media in politics essay, free business plan template from. http://www.unitedbizbooks.com/business_pro.php . There are many ways to power powerless vaclav havel essay, start but be prepared.Best Wishes. In the case of an unsigned band, developing and in politics, following a business plan should also help build a sizable fan base, always a big plus with music labels when seeking to get a record deal.

Thank you for sharing the template, Thank you very much, I am assisting a friend on a project. I take any job very serious so this information is very helpful. Do you coach as well? Thank you very much for taking the time to write this and to make it a free guide. It has been more helpful than you can imagine, and powerless vaclav, I am grateful. This article was helpful! I would have loved to see an example of the Market Analysis and Management Summary to get an idea of the layout. This let me know that I am on how to write the right track though. Hi, i am unable to download the template pls.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License; except rights to all songs posted to Music Think Tank are reserved by havel the song's controlling rightholder(s). Powered by evaluate yourself essay Squarespace | Designed by Sculpt | Managed by Hypebot.

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lipsets thesis A Double Edged Sword. By Seymour Martin Lipset. Chapter One: Ideology, Politics, and Deviance. Born out of revolution, the United States is a country organized around an ideology which includes a set of dogmas about the nature of a good society.

Americanism, as different people have pointed out, is an ism or ideology in the same way that communism or fascism or liberalism are isms. As G. Power Powerless Vaclav! K. Chesterton put it: America is the only nation in the world that is founded on a creed. That creed is set forth with dogmatic and evaluate yourself, even theological lucidity in the Declaration of Independence. . . . As noted in the Introduction, the nation's ideology can be described in five words: liberty, egalitarianism, individualism, populism, and laissezfaire. The revolutionary ideology which became the American Creed is liberalism in its eighteenth- and nineteenth-century meanings, as distinct from conservative Toryism, statist communitarianism, mercantilism, and noblesse oblige dominant in monarchical, state-church-formed cultures. Other countries' senses of themselves are derived from a common history. Winston Churchill once gave vivid evidence to the difference between a national identity rooted in history and one defined by of the vaclav havel, ideology in an fba, objecting to a proposal in 1940 to outlaw the anti-war Communist Party. In a speech in the House of Commons, Churchill said that as far as he knew, the Communist Party was composed of power powerless vaclav essay, Englishmen and he did not fear an Englishman.

In Europe, nationality is related to community, and thus one cannot become un-English or un-Swedish. Being an American, however, is an ideological commitment. It is not a matter of birth. Those who reject American values are un-American. The American Revolution sharply weakened the noblesse oblige, hierarchically rooted, organic community values which had been linked to Tory sentiments, and enormously strengthened the individualistic, egalitarian, and anti-statist ones which had been present in the settler and essays, religious background of the colonies. These values were evident in the twentieth-century fact that, as H. G. Wells pointed out close to ninety years ago, the United States not only has lacked a viable socialist party, but also has never developed a British or European-type Conservative or Tory party. Of The Powerless Havel Essay! Rather, America has been dominated by pure bourgeois, middle-class individualistic values. As Wells put it: Essentially America is a middle-class [which has] become a community and so its essential problems are the problems of a modern individualistic society, stark and evaluate yourself essay, clear. Power Of The Havel Essay! He enunciated a theory of America as a liberal society, in the classic anti-statist meaning of the term:

It is not difficult to show for example, that the ethics of abortion two great political parties in America represent only one English party, the middle-class Liberal party. Power Vaclav! . . . Write! There are no Tories . . . and powerless essay, no Labor Party. . . . [T]he new world [was left] to the Whigs and Nonconformists and to those less constructive, less logical, more popular and liberating thinkers who became Radicals in England, and Jeffersonians and then Democrats in America. All Americans are, from the English point of view, Liberals of one sort or another. . . . The liberalism of the eighteenth century was essentially the rebellion . . . against how to an fba, the monarchical and aristocratic state--against hereditary privilege, against restrictions on bargains. Its spirit was essentially anarchistic--the antithesis of Socialism. It was anti-State. In dealing with national characteristics it is power of the havel, important to recognize that comparative evaluations are never absolutes, that they always are made in terms of essay, more or less. The statement that the United States is an egalitarian society obviously does not imply that all Americans are equal in any way that can be defined. This proposition usually means (regardless of which aspect is under consideration--social relations, status, mobility, etc.) that the United States is power vaclav havel essay, more egalitarian than Europe.

Comparative judgments affect all generalizations about societies. This is such an obvious, commonsensical truism that it seems almost foolish to enunciate it. I only do so because statements about America or other countries are frequently challenged on the ground that they are not absolutely true. Generalizations may invert when the unit of comparison changes. For example, Canada looks different when compared to essay the United States than when contrasted with Britain. Figuratively, on a scale of of the vaclav, 0 to 100, with the United States close to 0 on a given trait and write, Britain at power of the powerless havel essay 100, Canada would fall around 30. Thus, when Canada is evaluated by reference to the United States, it appears as more elitist, law-abiding, and statist, but when considering the variations between Canada and Britain, Canada looks more anti-statist, violent, and egalitarian. The notion of American exceptionalism became widely applied in the context of efforts to account for the weakness of media in politics essay, working-class radicalism in the United States. The major question subsumed in the concept became why the United States is the only industrialized country which does not have a significant socialist movement or Labor party.

That riddle has bedeviled socialist theorists since the late nineteenth century. Friedrich Engels tried to answer it in the last decade of his life. The German socialist and sociologist Werner Sombart dealt with it in a major book published in his native language in 1906, Why Is There No Socialism in the United States? As we have seen, H. Powerless Vaclav Havel! G. In Politics! Wells, then a Fabian, also addressed the issue that year in The Future in America. Both Lenin and Trotsky were deeply concerned because the logic of Marxism, the proposition expressed by Marx in Das Kapital that the more developed country shows the less developed the power of the powerless vaclav havel essay image of yourself, their future, implied to Marxists prior to the Russian Revolution that the United States would be the first socialist country. Since some object to power of the powerless an attempt to explain a negative, a vacancy, the query may of course be reversed to ask why has America been the most classically liberal polity in the world from its founding to the present? Although the United States remains the wealthiest large industrialized nation, it devotes less of its income to welfare and the state is of abortion, less involved in power of the powerless vaclav essay, the economy than is true for other developed countries. It not only does not have a viable, class-conscious, radical political movement, but its trade unions, which have long been weaker than those of almost all other industrialized countries, have been steadily declining since the mid-1950s. These issues are covered more extensively in chapter Three.

An emphasis on American uniqueness raises the obvious question of the nature of the differences. There is a large literature dating back to at least the eighteenth century which attempts to specify the youth culture essay special character of the United States politically and socially. One of the power vaclav essay most interesting, often overlooked, is Edmund Burke's speech to the House of Commons proposing reconciliation with the colonies, in which he sought to explain to his fellow members what the revolutionary Americans were like. He noted that they were different culturally, that they were not simply transplanted Englishmen. He particularly stressed the unique character of American religion. J. Evaluate! Hector St. John Crevecoeur, in of the vaclav havel, his book Letters from an essays ethics, American Farmer, written in the late eighteenth century, explicitly raised the question, What is an American? He emphasized that Americans behaved differently in their social relations, were much more egalitarian than other nationalities, that theirdictionary was short in powerless vaclav essay, words of dignity, and names of honor, that is, in terms through which the lower strata expressed their subservience to the higher. Tocqueville, who observed egalitarianism in a similar fashion, also stressed individualism, as distinct from the emphasis on group ties which marked Europe. These commentaries have been followed by a myriad--thousands upon thousands--of books and articles by foreign travelers.

The overwhelming majority are by educated Europeans. Such writings are fruitful because they are comparative; those who wrote them emphasized cross-national variations in behavior and institutions. Tocqueville's Democracy, of course, is the best known. As we have seen, he noted that he never wrote anything about the United States without thinking of France. As he put it, in speaking of his need to contrast the same institutions and behavior in both countries, without comparisons to make, the mind doesn't know how to essay proceed. Harriet Martineau, an English contemporary, also wrote a first-rate comparative book on America. Friedrich Engels and Max Weber were among the contributors to the literature. There is a fairly systematic and power of the vaclav havel, similar logic in many of these discussions. How To Write! Beyond the analysis of variations between the vaclav havel United States and Europe, various other comparisons have been fruitful. In previous writings, I have suggested that one of the best ways to specify and distinguish American traits is by contrast with Canada. There is a considerable comparative North American literature, written almost entirely by Canadians.

They have a great advantage over Americans since, while very few of the latter study their northern neighbor, it is essay on how time period literature, impossible to be a literate Canadian without knowing almost as much, if not more, as most Americans about the United States. Almost every Canadian work on a given subject (the city, religion, the family, trade unions, etc.) contains a great deal about the United States. Power! Many Canadians seek to how to write an fba explain their own country by dealing with differences or similarities south of the border. Specifying and of the powerless, analyzing variations among the predominantly English-speaking countries--Australia, Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, and the United States--is also useful precisely because the differences among them generally are smaller than between each and non-Anglophonic societies. have tried to analyze these variations in how to an fba, The First New Nation. The logic of studying societies which have major aspects in of the vaclav havel, common was also followed by Louis Hartz in essays, treating the overseas settler societies--United States, Canada, Latin America, Australia, and South Africa--as units for comparison. Fruitful comparisons have been made between Latin America and power of the havel, Anglophonic North America, which shed light on each. Some Latin Americans have argued that there are major common elements in the Americas which show up in comparisons with Europe. Write! Fernando Cardoso, a distinguished sociologist and now president of Brazil, once told me that he and his friends (who were activists in the underground left in the early 1960s) consciously decided not to found a socialist party as the military dictatorship was breaking down.

They formed a populist party because, as they read the power powerless evidence, class-conscious socialism does not appeal in the Americas. Essays On Communication! With the exceptions of Chile and Canada (to a limited extent), major New World left parties from Argentina to of the havel the United States have been populist. Cardoso suggested that consciousness of social class is less salient throughout most of the Americas than in postfeudal Europe. However, I do not want to yourself essay take on the issue of power of the essay, how exceptional the Americas are; dealing with the United States is more than enough. IBERALISM, CONSERVATISM, AND AMERICANISM.

The United States is viewed by many as the great conservative society, but it may also be seen as the most classically liberal polity in the developed world. To understand the exceptional nature of American politics, it is necessary to recognize, with H. G. Wells, that conservatism, as defined outside of the media essay United States, is vaclav, particularly weak in this country. Conservatism in Europe and Canada, derived from the historic alliance of church and government, is associated with the essays emergence of the power welfare state. The two names most identified with it are Bismarck and Disraeli. Both were leaders of the conservatives (Tories) in their countries. They represented the rural and essay, aristocratic elements, sectors which disdained capitalism, disliked the bourgeoisie, and rejected materialistic values. Their politics reflected the values of power powerless vaclav havel essay, noblesse oblige, the obligation of the leaders of yourself, society and the economy to protect the less fortunate. The semantic confusion about liberalism in America arises because both early and latter-day Americans never adopted the of the term to essays of abortion describe the unique American polity. Powerless Vaclav Essay! The reason is evaluate yourself, simple. The American system of power, government existed long before the word liberal emerged in evaluate, Napoleonic Spain and power of the powerless vaclav essay, was subsequently accepted as referring to a particular party in mid-nineteenth-century England, as distinct from the Tory or Conservative Party.

What Europeans have called liberalism, Americans refer to as conservatism: a deeply anti-statist doctrine emphasizing the virtues of on how time effects literature, laissez-faire. Ronald Reagan and Milton Friedman, the two current names most frequently linked with this ideology, define conservatism in America. And as Friedrich Hayek, its most important European exponent noted, it includes the rejection of power powerless havel essay, aristocracy, social class hierarchy, and on how time, an established state church. As recently as the April and June 1987 issues of the British magazine Encounter, two leading trans-Atlantic conservative intellectuals, Max Beloff (Lord Beloff) and Irving Kristol, debated the use of titles. Kristol argued that Britain is soured by a set of power powerless, very thin, but tenacious, aristocratic pretensions . . . [which] foreclose opportunities and repress a spirit of equality that has yet to find its full expression. . . . Ethics! This situation fuels many of the frustrations that make British life . . . so cheerless, so abounding in ressentiment. Like Tocqueville, he holds up social equality as makingother inequalities tolerable in modern democracy. Beloff, a Tory, contended that what threatens conservatism in Britain is not its remaining links with the aristocratic tradition, but its alleged indifference to some of the abuses of capitalism. It is power of the powerless, not the essay Dukes who lose us votes, but the 'malefactors of great wealth. . . .' He wondered why Mr. Power Of The Powerless Vaclav Essay! Kristol believes himself to in relationships be a 'conservative,' since he is power of the powerless havel essay, as incapable as most Americans of being a conservative in any profound sense. Media In Politics! Lord Beloff concluded that Conservatism must have a 'Tory' element or it is only the old 'Manchester School,' i.e., liberal.

Canada's most distinguished conservative intellectual, George Grant, emphasized in his Lament for of the vaclav a Nation that Americans who call themselves 'Conservatives' have the media in politics essay right to that title only in a particular sense. In fact, they are old-fashioned liberals. . . . Their concentration on freedom from governmental interference has more to do with nineteenth century liberalism than with traditional conservatism, which asserts the of the essay right of the community to restrain freedom in the name of the common good. Grant bemoaned the fact that American conservatism, with its stress on the virtues of competition and links to business ideology, focuses on the rights of evaluate yourself, individuals and ignores communal rights and obligations. He noted that there has been no place in the American political philosophy for the organic conservatism that predates the age of progress. Indeed, the United States is the only society on earth that has no traditions from before the age of progress. The recent efforts, led by Amitai Etzioni, to create a communitarian movement are an attempt to transport Toryism to America. British and German Tories have recognized the link and powerless essay, have shown considerable interest in Etzioni's ideas. Still, it must be recognized that American politics have changed.

The 1930s produced a qualitative difference. As Richard Hofstadter wrote, this period brought a social democratic tinge to the United States for evaluate yourself essay the first time in its history. The Great Depression produced a strong emphasis on planning, on the welfare state, on power vaclav, the role of the government as a major regulatory actor. An earlier upswing in statist sentiment occurred immediately prior to media in politics essay World War 1, as evidenced by powerless havel, the significant support for the largely Republican Progressive movement led by Robert LaFollette and yourself essay, Theodore Roosevelt and the increasing strength (up to a high of 6% of the national vote in 1912) for the Socialist Party. They failed to change the power of the powerless political system. Evaluate Yourself Essay! Grant McConnell explains the failure of the Progressive movement as stemming from the pervasive and latent ambiguity in the movement about confronting American anti-statist values. Power as it exists was antagonistic to democracy, but how was it to be curbed without the power of the powerless havel essay erection of essays, superior power? Prior to the 1930s, the American trade union movement was also in its majority anti-statist. Power Of The Powerless Essay! The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was syndicalist, believed in more union, not more state power, and was anti-socialist. Its predominant leader for forty years, Samuel Gompers, once said when asked about his politics, that he guessed he was three quarters of an anarchist. And he was right.

Europeans and others who perceived the Gompers-led AFL as a conservative organization because it opposed the socialists were wrong. The AFL was an essays in relationships, extremely militant organization, which engaged in violence and had a high strike rate. It was not conservative, but rather a militant anti-statist group. The United States also had a revolutionary trade union movement, the power of the powerless vaclav essay Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). The IWW, like the AFL, was not socialist. It was explicitly anarchist, or rather, anarcho-syndicalist. The revived American radical movement of the 1960s, the how to an fba so-called New Left, was also not socialist. While not doctrinally anarchist, it was much closer to anarchism and power of the havel, the IWW in its ideology and organizational structure than to the Socialists or Communists. The New Deal, which owed much to youth culture the Progressive movement, was not socialist either. Franklin Roosevelt clearly wanted to maintain a capitalist economy. In running for president in power vaclav, 1932, he criticized Herbert Hoover and the Republicans for yourself essay deficit financing and expanding the economic role of the government, which they had done in order to deal with the Depression.

But his New Deal, also rising out of the of the vaclav need to confront the massive economic downsizing, drastically increased the statist strain in American politics, while furthering public support for trade unions. The new labor movement which arose concomitantly, the Committee for (later Congress of) Industrial Organization (CIO), unlike the American Federation of Labor (AFL), was virtually social democratic in its orientation. In fact, socialists and communists played important roles in the movement. The CIO was much more politically active than the older Federation and helped to press the Democrats to the left. The Depression led to in politics a kind of power of the powerless, moderate Europeanization of essay, American politics, as well as of its labor organizations. Class factors became more important in differentiating party support. The conservatives, increasingly concentrated among the Republicans, remained anti-statist and laissez-faire, but many of them grew willing to accommodate an activist role for the state. This pattern, however, gradually inverted after World War 11 as a result of long-term prosperity. The United States, like other parts of the developed world, experienced what some have called an economic miracle. The period from 1945 to the 1980s was characterized by considerable growth (mainly before the power of the powerless mid-1970s), an absence of major economic downswings, higher rates of social mobility both on a mass level and into the elites, and how to, a tremendous expansion of higher educational systems--from a few million to 11 or 12 million going to colleges and universities--which fostered that mobility.

America did particularly well economically, leading Europe and Japan by powerless vaclav havel, a considerable margin in terms of new job creation. Youth Culture Essay! A consequence of havel, these developments was a refurbishing of the classical liberal ideology, that is, American conservatism. Media! The class tensions produced by the Depression lessened, reflected in the decline of the labor movement and lower correlations between class position and voting choices. And the members of the small (by comparative standards) American labor movement are today significantly less favorable to government action than European unionists. Fewer than half of American union members are in favor of the government providing a decent standard of living for the unemployed, as compared with 69 percent of West German, 72 percent of British, and 73 percent of Italian unionists.33 Even before Ronald Reagan entered the White House in havel essay, 1981, the United States had a lower rate of taxation, a less developed welfare state, and many fewer government-owned industries than other industrialized nations.

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resume quiz See why I use these funny tennis shoes throughout my site. If we choose to be no more than clods of clay, then we shall be used as clods of clay for braver feet to powerless havel tread on. - Marie Corelli. Small business marketing plans, newsletters, Web page documents, brochures, copyediting, graphic ads (online and print mediums) and more. If you need it written, 1st-Writer can help. If you don't feel like the essays on communication in relationships most important client I've ever worked for, then I haven't done my job. Sue Campbell Jones. Keystone Heights, FL. Resume Quiz Questions #1 - The Answers In Detail. If you find yourself here without having had the opportunity to take the quiz, first - go to Resume Questions Quiz - and see how you do!

Question 1: A resume is. A) An autobiography of one's career life and professional experiences in of the essay, order to secure employment. . Incorrect; on two levels: 1) a resume rarely secures employment. Its sole purpose is to secure interviews, and 2) this should not be taken as an opportunity to youth culture create an autobiography of one's career life. Your reader wants to know what you have to power of the havel essay contribute, and media is much less interested in who you are and what you hope to powerless vaclav havel essay gain from the experience. Therefore, the resume document needs to be focused on meeting the needs of the reader (hiring manager) rather than the needs of the essay on how time period writer (job candidate).

B) A detailed listing of a job candidate's skills, experiences, responsibilities and achievements as these relate to the position and company being targeted. . Of The Powerless Havel Essay. This is the best answer. When writing a resume, the focus of the yourself document needs to vaclav havel be on the skills, experiences, responsibilities and achievements most directly relevant and valuable to the position and company being targeted. This is writing with the reader in mind. C) A complete listing of an write an fba individual's education, work experience and professional training. . Incorrect: While this may sound correct, a complete listing of information not relevant to the position or company being targeted has little or no value for your reader. In addition, your reader is most interested in that information which is most current (the most recent 10-15 years). Therefore, while your experience and achievements in 1970 may be impressive, they may have little value in today's market, particularly if you have nothing recent to add. Question 2: The purpose of a resume is power powerless havel, to. A) Establish a candidate's qualifications for a position - in order to evaluate secure an of the powerless essay interview. . This is the best answer.

The sole purpose of the how to write an fba resume is to power of the generate enough interest for ethics of abortion the reader to feel compelled to of the invite the candidate for an interview. To achieve this result, the evaluate essay resume must effectively qualify the candidate for power of the vaclav the position and company being targeted. B) Establish a candidate's qualifications for a position - in media essay, order to secure employment. . Incorrect: A resume, alone, will rarely secure employment. The resume's sole purpose is to secure interviews. C) Establish a candidate's qualifications for powerless vaclav havel essay a position - in order to eliminate the competition.

. Incorrect: While a focused, well-written resume may help place a candidate in the running for a position, a resume, alone, will rarely eliminate all other competition. Question 3: The length of essay, a resume must be. . Incorrect: While a one-page resume may be sufficient for certain job candidates, the one-page rule no longer exists. For those who require two pages in order to effectively document relevant history and vaclav achievements, trying to get this information on to a one-page format may reduce the final document's value, readability and effectiveness. . Incorrect: While a two-page resume may be sufficient for certain job candidates, for those who would be better served with a one-page document, or for those who require more extensive documentation in order to include information vital to the reader, such as certain individuals in the medical or academic industries, a two-page resume may be a poor choice. C) Whatever number of in relationships, pages is necessary to qualify the candidate. . This is the best answer.

The best guide regarding length is to: 1) include all information that is directly relevant and valuable to of the powerless vaclav havel the position and company being targeted, and essays 2) leave everything else off. For some job candidates this is best achieved within a one-page document. For others, two pages is power powerless vaclav havel, required. And for some, a more detailed document is the more effective choice. Youth Essay. However, keep in of the vaclav essay, mind that your reader is going to invest a limited amount of time in the reading of your document.

In fact, most resumes only receive an media initial reading time of 15 seconds, or less. Therefore, if you present a three-page document when a two-page document would suffice, or you draw out your information into two pages when a one-page resume would suffice, you may leave your reader wondering if you are able to state your case and qualifications in a succinct manner, or you may lose your reader's interest long before he or she has had the power powerless havel essay opportunity to appreciate all you truly have to offer. Be considerate of your reader's time. Question 4: The most important information on my resume is. A) Job experience and education. . Incorrect: while this information is vital, your reader must know how to contact you in an fba, order to schedule an interview. . This is the best answer. Power Havel Essay. When all is said and done, how to contact you is the evaluate yourself most important information in your resume, therefore, make certain this information is easy to of the locate, read and reference at a glance. This may feel like a trick question, but hundreds of essays ethics of abortion, resumes are submitted each year containing incorrect, inadequate or poorly presented contact information, taking candidates who would otherwise be considered serious contenders out of the job search game.

. Incorrect: while this information is vital, your reader must know how to contact you in order to power powerless vaclav schedule an interview. Question 5: It's okay to exaggerate information on in politics essay, my resume when. A) I'm writing about older, less important positions and need to make my career path more logical. . Incorrect: any deception in the resume can result in the removal of a candidate's opportunity for of the powerless vaclav a position, or dismissal from a position he or she has accepted. Evaluate Essay. Simply put: don't lie. It's not worth it. B) I was shy of power of the powerless vaclav, completing a degree by only a few credits - and a degree is a requirement of the position. . Incorrect: any deception in the resume can result in the removal of a candidate's opportunity for a position, or dismissal from a position he or she has accepted. Simply put: don't lie.

It's not worth it. Just check out essays ethics of abortion RadioShack CEO resigns in resume flap. Edmondson admits misstating academic record, leaves after less than a year on the job - from power havel essay, CCNMoney.com. C) It's never okay to exaggerate information in a resume. . On How Time Period Literature. This is the best answer. If the information in your resume won't hold up under a detailed background investigation, you're in trouble. Vaclav. Simply put, don't lie or exaggerate your information in your resume. It's not worth it.

Question 6: When writing my resume, my main focus should be on. A) Who will be reading my resume. . This is the best answer. When we write anything, the focus should always be on of abortion, the person who will be reading our document. Power Of The Essay. In this case, the targeted reader of a resume is usually a hiring manager or potential employer.

Keeping this reader in focus, and writing for his or her benefit, will enable you to create and deliver a more effective and productive resume presentation. B) Presenting my best skills, experiences and in politics achievements in priority. . Incorrect: Although this is important, and should be one of the critical factors you consider when writing your resume, without keeping your targeted reader in mind, and power powerless havel essay understanding the information he or she most wants to secure from potential candidates, it may be difficult to essay know which skills, experience and achievements are best. C) The readability and visual presentation of my document. . Vaclav Essay. Incorrect: While the readability and yourself visual presentation of your document is extremely important, understanding who will be reading your document, and knowing what information will be most valuable and relevant to of the powerless havel this targeted reader, should remain your top focus and priority when writing your resume. Question 7: When submitting my resume to a job advertisement, I need to yourself make certain that. A) I provide as many options for retrieving my resume as possible (ASCII, PDF, Word processed document, etc.). . Incorrect: It's a great idea to have your resume in the various formats needed for an effective job search, but it's more important to know which document your recipient requires.

B) I follow the directions of the of the powerless havel essay ad explicitly. . In Relationships. This is the of the essay best answer. The ad should tell you in what format the resume is to youth culture essay be submitted, including file type (Word, ASCII, PDF) and transmission requirements (hardcopy, fax, via e-mail). Failing to follow the directions of an power vaclav havel ad can lead to the submission of a document that the recipient can not access (for example, submitting a WordPerfect file to culture a recipient who doesn't have the software requirements necessary to open, view or print this type of document, when the power havel ad explicitly stated that all resumes were to be submitted as MS Word attachments), or in a format that the recipient has clearly prohibited. For example, if an states, No faxed submissions, and you fax your resume, then you've wasted both your time and your recipient's resources. Follow the directions of the ad, explicitly. C) I secure the name of the on communication hiring manager or decision maker. . Incorrect: It's a good idea to secure the name of the targeted reader of your cover letter and resume, but it's more important to follow the directions of the ad to the letter. Question 8: When salary history is power powerless havel essay, required in an ad, I should. A) Ignore the request. This information may damage my ability to compete for the position.

. Incorrect: While providing salary history may diminish your ability to compete for evaluate yourself essay a position or to effectively negotiate compensation later in the process, if an powerless havel essay ad states that only those resume submissions including salary history will be considered, it's important to recognize and respond to the request if you're sincerely interested in the position. Ignoring the request may indicate that you are unable or unwilling to how to following directions, or that your salary history is questionable. B) Include this information in its own document and submit it with my resume. . This is the best answer. For ads that request salary history or indicate that only those submissions including salary history information will be considered, it's important to address and answer the request. This is best achieved by creating a separate salary history document. C) Include this information in the cover letter. . Incorrect: Use the cover letter as your introduction and enticement to encourage your reader to turn to of the powerless vaclav havel your resume with real interest. Keep salary history separate from both the essay cover letter and power powerless vaclav resume information, by creating an individual document to address this particular history. See B, above.

Question 9: When salary requirements are requested, I should. A) Address this in my resume and provide a specific salary amount. . Incorrect: The resume is the wrong place for essay period effects this type of information, and providing a set or specific salary amount will substantially reduce your ability to effectively negotiate salary, later. B) Ignore the request. Salary requirements are best discussed at the interview stage. . Incorrect: While it's true that salary is best discussed at the interview stage - where the job candidate has the opportunity to learn the full criteria of the power havel essay position and to address this criteria with his or her unique skills, experience and abilities - ignoring this request may indicate to essays ethics of abortion your recipient that you are unable or unwilling to power vaclav havel essay follow directions, or that your salary requirements may be unreasonable or inflexible. C) Address this in in relationships, my cover letter by providing a salary range or by indicating that salary is negotiable.

. This is the havel best answer. Providing a salary range leaves room for negotiation. It's wise, therefore, to do your homework on salary rates for your location, field and essay industry (see salary calculators) prior to engaging in a job search. Another good option is to power of the havel essay address the on communication in relationships question without quite answering it, Salary is fully negotiable, which shows that you recognize the request and are willing to discuss the issue at interview. Question 10: Certain personal information needs to be included in the resume, such as. A) My name and contact information. . Power Powerless Essay. This is the best answer. On How Period. It's important that the reader of your resume (usually a hiring manager or potential employer) knows who you are (your name) and how to contact you. It is, however, illegal under the U.S.

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) regulations for potential employers to inquire about a job candidate's age, marital status, religious beliefs, number of dependents, and other specific personal information. Therefore, it's a good idea for job candidates and potential employers (including those who interview job candidates) to understand what is permitted and to become very familiar with potential discrimination issues under the EEOC. Of The Vaclav Havel. Worth your review: Equal Employment Opportunity Laws. B) My name, contact information and write date of birth. . Incorrect: A potential employer in the United States is power powerless vaclav havel essay, restricted from inquiring about a job candidate's age. See answer A, above.

C) My name, contact information, date of birth and number of dependents. . Time Period Effects. Incorrect: A potential employer in the United States is restricted from inquiring about a job candidate's age or number of dependents. See answer A, above. Question 11: A potential employer is permitted to ask me the date(s) of my _____________________ graduation, and, therefore, I should include this/these date(s) on my resume. . Incorrect: Providing the date of power of the powerless, graduation from high school allows a potential employer to determine a candidate's age, which can be considered discriminatory under U.S. EEOC regulations. B) high school and college.

. Incorrect: Providing the date of graduation from high school allows a potential employer to determine a candidate's age, which can be considered discriminatory under U.S. EEOC regulations. . An Fba. This is the best answer. Because college can be completed at any stage of a job candidate's life, the power essay date of college graduation is not necessarily indicative of a candidate's age. Media In Politics Essay. Potential employers are permitted to ask for power of the havel college graduation dates, and this information is often included when performing candidate background checks and culture verification of power of the essay, degrees. Question 12: Posting my resume on write, a job search database online will make my resume available to: . Incorrect: While this may be true, it's important to understand that others may have access to your resume and information, as well - including your current employer.

B) Only those ads to which I respond. . Incorrect: Once your resume is power of the powerless, uploaded into an online database, you have very limited control (if any) regarding who will be able to access your resume and information - including your current employer. C) Almost anyone, including my current employer. . This is the essays ethics of abortion best answer. Power Of The Havel Essay. When you include your resume in an online database, you essentially make your document and information available to anyone who can access the database, including your current employer.

See: Privacy issues for ethics online job seekers : Good luck in powerless, your job search! Sue Campbell Jones, 1st-Writer.com - over 15 years experience helping clients achieve their career and business goals. Feel free to e-mail me with any questions you may have. I'll be glad to help! 1st-Writer.com • P.O. Box 1128, Keystone Heights, FL 32656-1128 • (904) 248-2493 • E-mail Sue Campbell Jones.

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A Multimedia Thesis Project Essay. Power Vaclav Havel. During the 16th-17th century, when the Philippines was still under the control of essay on how period, Spain, the Jesuit Historian, Father Pedro Chirino, wrote in 1604 about the baptism of power of the powerless vaclav, two deaf Filipino in Dulac, Leyte by essays ethics, Father Francisco De Otaco. Father Ramon De Prado, the power of the, vice-provincial priest taught these two deaf Filipinos and they were the first deaf Filipino who learned to use the Filipino Sign Language. The older Deaf, Raymundo shared his knowledge to five to ten deaf men during a mission. 300 years later, the first influence of American Sign Language came here in the Philippines thru Delight Rice, the hearing American teacher who established the School for how to write an fba, the Deaf in power vaclav essay 1907 in Manila (PDRC and PFD.

2004.) The school still exists today as the evaluate essay, Philippines School for the Deaf (PSD) (HV 2474 F55 2005 Pt.1 from powerless vaclav havel essay, DLS-CSB). #8220;Filipino Sign Language is certainly natural and a unique visual language of the Deaf Filipinos. The grammar, structure and syntax or arrangements of. the Filipino Sign Language (FSL) are equal or the same as in the spoken language. FSL has its Filipino Deaf culture and write identity. However, Filipino Sign Language is power of the vaclav havel essay not a written system.#8221; (Philippine Deaf Resource Center, Inc., Macky Calbay and media essay Raphael Domingo) Sign languages communicate ideas through hands like spoken languages. However, sign languages do not need sounds and powerless havel voice.

It needs hands, face and other parts of the body to evaluate, communicate in visual ways. The visual signs, helps the powerless havel essay, deaf to understand the message it conveys through the eyes. Signs must be clear in order to be understood in the eyes of the deaf, which the brain process, interprets and meanings comprehended. The basic parts of signs are hand shapes, location, movement, palm orientation and non-manual signals. Many people think of sign languages as a language of the culture, hands but the power of the, research in linguistics revealed that sign language includes not only one or both hands, but also the different parts of the trunk, arms, neck, head and face. Hand shape, movement and number of hands used may be grouped together. A sign language follows many groups of rules. The parts of signs and their meanings, whole, signs, and the grammar of sentences are separate rules. Several words are put together to on communication, form a sentence, and the exchange of these sentence forms a dialogue. Examples of dialogue are conversations, stories, humor and poetry.

When a sign is produced by itself, it may look different from when it is actually used in a conference. The important part of the sign language is the connection between two or more conversing people. Social factors are important in studying signs during the of the powerless essay, conference. It is because the sign language is not only for essay on how time period literature, relaying messages but also for of the powerless vaclav havel, social interaction. The sign used for a word is influenced by one’s emotions. For example, the word “sorry” is signed in just one way, but when added with emotions, it could have different meanings. The signs are shown to the complexity of effects, their grammatical function. In spoken languages, words act certainly according to their grammatical class.

In sign languages, signs may function differently depending on power vaclav havel, the sentence structure, and context of the conference. Write An Fba. So, it is common for a single sign to havel, shift functions as a noun, verb, or adjective in different sentences, conversations or contexts. Since sign languages are not written systems, the how to, use of words came from a written language and the grammatical function of the sign must carefully avoid being perplexed. For example, a word for a sign that can be a noun in English, but the sign itself can function as a noun or adjective. In Grammar classes, there are the same kinds of vaclav havel, grammatical groups are getting into sign language. In ASL, there are different classes of verbs that have been described. The verbs may include different kinds of information such as: where the action takes place, or who does the action (subject) and who receives the action (object). It can be same to some sign couples in FSL. Examples of these noun-verb/adjective couples in FSL are LOW-BATTERY, BATTERY-FULL. In Politics Essay. Sign languages are different from spoken languages or written. A sign may be used as a noun, adjective or verb that depends on of the vaclav havel essay, the sentence.

Sometimes, a single sign can already be similar a share of a sentence or even a whole sentence. For example, the single sign “observe” may already mean, #8220;I observe her carefully.#8221; There are classifiers in culture essay the traditional signs appearing in FSL. These can be easy classifier hand shapes to understand classifier predicates. The classifiers observed in FSL also have classifier hand shapes and movement roots like those described in power havel ASL and BSL. Evaluate Yourself Essay. An example is the sign LRT/MRT. The classifier hand shape is the power vaclav havel essay, whole object type #8212; the hand shape looks like the rail transit car. The movement of the classifier is a process movement root. The LRT/MRT moves forward. The straightforward movement of the hand represents the forward action of the media in politics essay, LRT/MRT. In Nouns, the power vaclav havel essay, signs included in a group have always been noted in a dialogue as nouns. The traditional signs included food, events, places, persons and various objects.

It included also common and proper nouns. For example, MANGO, ELECTRIC FAN, JOLLIBEE, HAPPY etc#8230; In Nouns/Verbs, the signs may switch in grammatical class that depends on the dialogue structure. The signs however, show to only have a single form unconcerned of their grammatical function. Most of them cannot be able to show always the movement repetitions strongly characteristic of essay on how time effects literature, noun-verbs pairs in American Sign Language. For example, AGREE, AGREEMENT, CONCLUSION/CONCLUDE etc#8230; In Nouns/Adjectives, the signs are noted to have nominal or adjectival functions. For example, BETTER, FAST, HOT, HAPPINESS, EXHAUSTED etc#8230; In Verbs/Adjectives, the power vaclav havel, signs are noted to be used as adjectival predicates. For example, CORRUPT/TO BE CORRUPT, PASSIVE/TO BE PASSIVE, SUFFER/BE IN SUFFERING etc#8230; In Lexicalized Finger spelled signs, the signs are aged which are more commonly noted among Deaf signers in their forties to sixties. Examples of Lexicalized Finger spelled signs are #AIRCORN, #TV etc#8230; In Lexicalized Initialized signs, the signs are from variant grammatical classes and used two or three decades.

For example, ANYBODY, 13 PESO, GRADE VII etc#8230; In Structurally complex signs, the signs placed together since features of their structure are not as straightforward as the other signs shown so far. Signs included compound signs and agreement verbs. For example, HOW MUCH, DON#8217;T KNOW, HARDHEAD etc#8230; In Semantically complex signs, the signs groups included idioms, belonging to variants of ASL, possessive pronouns, negations, various phrases, and classifier predicates (signer#8217;s perspective). For example, DESTROY FOOD, PLEASE, RUDE etc#8230; (IDIOM) FSL signs showed to be adverbs. The non-manual signal noted in FSL signs that moves of the tongue. Ethics. The tongue of of the powerless vaclav havel, non-manual signs is same but their meaning is mixed-up, not clear or hard to understand. For example TEXT-GARBLED describes a text message that is hard to understand. In FSL, the pointing pronouns are noted in commonly using among Deaf Filipino signers which usually include the index finger.

The signs use an open hand. They show ownership or possessions. The question is always used by FSL sign. The eye gaze is forward the person who asked the question. The first location of the hand is near the object being talked about. The last location of the essay, hand, and its palm, faces the person being asked. One example of of the powerless vaclav havel essay, pronouns is the TOUCH-MINE. In space as time, the place where the signer stands represents the time now. The space in front of the signer shows the future and the space behind the signer shows the past.

Signs related to youth culture, time such as LATELY, NEXT DAY, LAST WEEK AGO, NOW are produced at different points of this timeline. Havel Essay. One example of time is the TOMORROW-TOMORROW, LAST-TWO-YEARS etc#8230; In idioms, there are several signs that are called Deaf idioms in the book Love Signs. Essays Of Abortion. But, the need is more researching if the signs are all true idioms. It uses expressions unique to Deaf Filipino signers. For example, the sign ISTAMBAY of the literal meaning is a person who stands around for of the vaclav essay, a long time. Media Essay. The figurative meaning can be a verb or adjective, describing a jobless person. A sentence is a group of words that completes ideas and can be followed by a period, question mark or exclamation point. There are two most important of English grammar; knowledge of writing and allows students to study the grammar of power havel essay, other languages completely. There are the most important elements of the sentence, the verb, subject, direct object, indirect object, complement, multiple-word modifiers, modifiers, clauses and phrases. Sometimes, many sentences have only essay on how time literature a verb and a subject. It also includes the parts of speech; noun and articles, verbs and verbals, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs and prepositions and conjunctions.

A subject is the name of a person, animal, place, thing and event that the sentence about. For example, “The house is a big”. The house is the power of the powerless essay, subject of the verb big, answering the question who or what big? Another example, “The tiger eats the how to write, animal”. The tiger is the subject of the verb eats, answering the question who or what eats the animal; he tiger eats the animal. A verb is a word that describes an action. For example, “The goat eats grass”.

The verb eats describes the action performed by the subject goat. Another example, “Deaf people walk on the street”. The verb walk describes the action performed by power havel essay, the subject Deaf people. Essay. A direct object is the noun that receives the action. For example, “Everyone ruins your precious things”.

What is the action? ruins. What receives the action? precious things, it is the direct object of the verb ruins. Another example, “Your friend got your ballpen”. Of The Havel. What receives the evaluate yourself essay, action? ballpen. Ballpen is the direct object of the verb got.

An indirect object is the noun or pronoun that receives the direct object. For example, “The professor helps his student’s education”. Powerless Vaclav. The direct object of media in politics essay, helps is education. His student is the indirect object. Another example, “I give the of the powerless havel essay, laptop to you”. The direct object of give is laptop. You is the essay period, indirect object. Of The Vaclav Essay. Complement is the word or words that complete the meaning of evaluate essay, verbs that express feeling, appearing, being, or seeming.

Such verbs are classified as copulative or linking verbs. For example, “I am feeling sick”. The verb feeling does not describe action, but does describe a state of being. Feeling links the powerless havel essay, subject I with sick is the complement of feeling. Write. Another example, “His family seems worried of you”. The copulative verb seems links his family and worried, the complement of seems. Modifiers may be a single word or groups of words, make the identity that describes a verb, subject, direct object, indirect object, complements or other modifier. For example, “My brother eats quickly his dinner”. The verb eats is made more precise is modified by quickly his dinner.

Another example, “They lost my new laptop”. The direct object laptop is modified by my new. Multiple-word modifiers are included of phrases or clauses. A phrase is a logical grouping of words that does not contain a subject verb, while a clause is a logical grouping of words that does contain a subject and verb. For example, “My sister who was the only who love me goes to my graduation”. In this sentence, the clause who was the only who love me modifies my sister; the phrases to my graduation modifies goes. The first multiple word modifiers have both subject who and verb love. For this reason, the modifier is a clause.

To my graduation has neither subject nor verb, so it is essay a phrase. A clause is a group of related words that includes a subject and how to a verb. It may also include an power vaclav object or complement, an indirect object and modifiers. If it makes a complete idea and can stand alone as a sentence, it is called an how to independent clause. Power Vaclav Essay. On the other hand, if it cannot stand alone as a sentence, it is called a subordinate or dependent clause. For example, “My family and I eat our lunch together and then we go to youth essay, the mall”. This sentence consists of power, two independent clauses.

Each clause has its own subject and verb: My family and I eat, we go. Either clause can stand as a complete sentence. Media In Politics. Each makes a statement that does not depend on power powerless vaclav havel, the other. The conjunction here is and, which is classified as a coordinating conjunction. Other coordinating conjunctions are but, for, so, or, nor and yet. A phrase is a group of two or more words that does not include a subject and a verb. Essays In Relationships. It has many forms and functions. It is useful to learn and recognize phrases and to identify their functions as modifiers, subjects, complements and power of the havel essay objects.

For example, “His hobby was playing basketball”. The phrase playing basketball functions as the complement of was, a copulative verb. Playing is also a gerund. Another example, “My classmates want to finish their project early”. The phrase to finish their project early is the on communication in relationships, object of want. Notice that to finish is an of the powerless vaclav essay infinitive, which is one of the three types of on how time effects, verbals. In Grammar classes, there are classifiers in a spoken language as nouns, verbs, adjectives or adverbs.

It includes pronouns and power vaclav havel prepositions that have a more limited meaning. They can display relationships between nouns, verbs, adjectives and essays ethics adverbs. Of The Essay. In spoken languages, a word cannot be able to change its meaning. For example, if a word is a noun, it is always used as a noun. It does not develop into a verb, adjective, or adverb.

In a spoken language, an idiom is a group of words with a unique meaning. It has two meanings, its literal and figurative meanings. The literal meaning is the youth culture essay, independent meaning of the power vaclav havel essay, words, put together as a group, while the figurative meaning is the youth, new meaning of the whole group of words. The new figurative meaning may not be related at all to power of the powerless vaclav, the literal meaning of the words. The Deaf students of the School of Deaf Education in Applied and Studies, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde has a problem on English grammar because they do not know how to use the structure of the in politics essay, English language.

They also believe that the sign language#8217;s structure is the same or similar to the written English. As a result, it is hard for them to communicate with the hearing people through writing. Through the creation of websites that utilizes flash player to describe the structures of FSL and Written English which can be arranged in such a way that the visual animation highlights the difference between the powerless havel essay, FSL and the written English structures. This way, it will be more meaningful and can be easily understood, remembered and essay applied by the deaf and as well as the powerless, hearing students in communicating with each other. Furthermore, the students can understand the differences in using FSL structure and English written rules. Description of the Project. • To encourage the deaf students to effects, understand the structural difference between the vaclav havel, Filipino Sign Language (FSL) and the written English. Essays Ethics Of Abortion. • To help Deaf students know how to translate FSL to written English by conceptualization, and Hearing students to translate written English to FSL by conceptualization. Power Vaclav. • To promote and ethics of abortion encourage the hearing people to understand the structures of sign language (FSL) and use it to communicate with the deaf. • To assist the Deaf people how to communicate with the hearing people through written English. • To create the flash website visually that can help hearing and deaf people to understand easily the power of the vaclav, structures of media in politics essay, FSL and Written English. • Deaf and hearing people. Power Powerless Vaclav Havel Essay. Websites that uses flash player. Adobe Photoshop is a graphic editing program that makes easily website which it can support website. ( (I CAN’T UNDERSTAND THIS KUYA. ) Video or Adobe Premiere is a technology of recording that supports website to make deaf and hearing people easily understandable.

Pre-Production Process Project. Step 1: Brainstorming to choose good topics related to Deaf issues. Step 2: Choose three best topics pertaining to Deaf issues. Step 3: Submit to my instructor the topics pertaining to Deaf issues. Step 4: Consultation with my instructor to explain to essay time period effects, me how to power powerless havel, write the document. Step 4: Share the topics to my classmates to help me select the best topic.

Step 5: Consultation with my Coordinator for essays of abortion, editing my topic. Step 6: Ask my English and power of the havel FSL coordinators their opinion and to suggest what is the best topic to be written. Step 7: Approval of the chosen topic by my CG coordinator. Step 8: Research on the books related to write an fba, my selected topic. Step 9: Consult with my English and FSL coordinator.

Step 10: Writing paper (context) Step 11: Review and power of the powerless havel essay edit the paper. Step 12: Draft sample design that is related to my topic. Step 13: Print the paper. Step 14: Final presentation. Therefore, this paper can be the seed to help both the deaf and hearing people understand the difference in structures of FSL and written English in an easy manner. For Deaf people, this paper will help them how to translate FSL to essay effects, written English. Likewise, it will help the power powerless vaclav havel essay, hearing people on translating written English to FSL. Furthermore, it will also help the hearing and deaf people to communicate with each other easily. The creation of websites utilizing flash player as visual aids highlighting the difference between the FSL and culture essay the written English structures will assist both the deaf and hearing people in communicating among themselves and with each other.

It will also enhance the powerless vaclav essay, communication skills of the individuals; provide greater opportunities in understanding the world of the silent people, knowledge, cooperation and collaboration for the greater and common good of the society. Essay. Tiongson, Peripi A., Hermosisima, Jun, Domingo, Raphael and powerless havel Bustos, Marie Therese A. (ED.) (2004). AN INTRODUCTION TO FILIPINO SIGN LANGUAGE: Part l. Understanding Structure | Easy to read version |. Evaluate. [pp. 1-160] Filipino: Philippine Deaf Resource Center, Inc. TRADITIONAL SIGNS. Essay. (2004), AN INTRODUCTION TO FILIPINO SIGN LANGUAGE: Part ll: Traditional and Emerging Signs [pp.1-154] Philippines: Philippine Deaf Resource Center, Inc. Estiller-Corpuz, Marites Racquel [ED.]. Filipino Sign Language; A complication of signs from regions of the Philippines, Filipino: Philippine Federation of the time effects literature, Deaf. Ehrlich, Eugene (2000, 1991, 1976). SCHAUM#8217;S OUTLINES: English Grammar, American: McGraw-Hill companies, Inc.

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Vaclav Havel "The Power of the Powerless" (1978)

Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of Leadership as many have tried to define it. The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by vaclav havel essay, the magnitude of the number of research articles available on the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an media essay interaction between two or more members of a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of the other in the group. Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. 19-20)'. Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of moral spirit and responsibility in the leader, which is led to unifying the efforts of the powerless vaclav, employees in essay order to achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16).

Leadership can be explained as the ability of an individual to have power that focuses on how to establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an power vaclav havel organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is a process used to motivate and to influence others to work hard in order to realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of essays in relationships Leadership, one being the traits that the leaders elicit and other happens to be the organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by the group or the of the powerless essay, organisation. However, it is important to understand that situations and contexts vary in varied organisations and evaluate essay one kind of havel essay leadership may not work effectively in all the situations. Hence, it is important for organisations and the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to accommodate the same in their style of Leadership. Before we delve deeper into the relationship of Subordinate Performance and write Leadership Styles, it is important to understand the different kinds of Leadership styles.

One of the of the powerless essay, early work done by Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of researchers identified three types of Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and Laissez 'fair. Most of the researches have been focussed of the first two styles since the third style is considered as lack of essay any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only power powerless havel, when the subordinates are motivated and knowledgeable at the given tasks. With the context in how to place of an Indian manufacturing company where the workmen are more or less at the mercy of their supervisors in power of the powerless vaclav havel essay decision making the study takes only the culture essay, former styles of leadership to assess the relationship of productivity and leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of power of the powerless essay discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and media in politics self-aggrandizing' (Choi).

He was extremely focused on his personal control, insisting that the 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to him and became angry and power frustrated with mistakes. Write? He did not trust others, particularly the generals who reported to him during the Second World War. Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of others, resorting to his instincts and opinions (Geoffrey). This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership.

Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and not the subordinates satisfaction or well being. ' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at power vaclav the psychological perspectives of the yourself, above mentioned style of leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on Abasement, Aggression and power of the vaclav Achievement. However they score low on Intraception, Nurturance and media Social Values. With respect to of the havel essay the organisational perspective, it is imperative to understand that there is no certain answer to which leadership style will produce the best results in an organisation. It largely depends on the organisational culture and the kind of task at hand for the leader. For example, in a war, the leaders are required to make quick decisions and don't have all the time for a democratic process, which puts forward the argument that has been made above. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by more accurate decision making when the leader has good subject expertise and can improve the productivity, however only effects, when the power of the vaclav havel, leader is around.

It is youth essay, also suitable in situations where the workforce is new and untrained or where economies of scale is being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to be followed in decision making. This style of leadership though most common has started to lose its shine in the present context over power powerless havel essay, the democratic form of yourself leadership. However, many still have bat in favour of this kind of leadership citing that it is the context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and not the absolute style per se. 2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the of the havel, classic formulation of democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960). They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and criticism, and a degree of comradeship. By contrast, leaders using the other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Unfortunately. Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to ethics find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Despite this lack of conceptual precision, Lewin and others have identified the central element of the vaclav havel essay, term: democratic leadership is behaviour that influences people in a manner consistent with and/or conducive to basic democratic principles and how to write an fba processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the subordinates ' According to Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to evoke maximum involvement and the participation of every member in power havel essay the group activities and in the determination of objectives.

In organisational settings it is how to, imperative for leaders to delegate tasks and power of the powerless vaclav essay decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of future leaders for the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to avoid the free riding issues, democratic leader should not only ask subordinates to take on responsibility, rather be demanding in media reminding them of their collective responsibilities. ' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and power powerless vaclav asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935). Members' abilities may develop through taking on new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by becoming 'role models' to change novices from 'followers' to leaders (Baker, 1982, p. 325).

This has particularly significant implication since shortage of talent pool is an important concern for organisations in the today's era. The organisations are looking at drawing leaders from the available talent pool from within the organisation first and then resorting to on communication in relationships lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in turn can create leaders are thriving in vaclav essay the cut throat competition and narrowed margins. ' Aiding the subordinates in their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the ethics of abortion, relationship to the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and power powerless havel essay empower other group members, but they must devote the bulk of their time and energy to ensuring productive and democratic decision making. Democratic leadership aids the media essay, deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and the maintenance of healthy relationships and a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in mind that the style of havel essay leadership cannot by any means be categorized as the better of the two leadership styles i.e. Autocratic and of abortion Democratic. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on democracy and of the vaclav havel essay democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of media in politics leadership for at least four reasons.

First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Moving toward democracy would strip them of some of power powerless havel essay their status, power, and, in ethics of abortion some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). Second, some people have authoritarian values and power powerless havel are not easily swayed from essay on how time period literature, a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935). Power Havel Essay? Third, most people have, to essays in relationships some degree, an unconscious or conscious desire for a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and power of the powerless havel sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of democratic leadership for the opposite reason, having no faith whatsoever in leaders of any kind and no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935)

However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of promising trends in the 1970s and early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of shared power and responsibility are increasing; there is a greater degree of in politics essay collaboration and communication; and people have an increasing awareness of the need for organizational openness and flexibility. With the power powerless havel essay, baby boomers towards the end of the tenure and entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and accountabilities, into in relationships, the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the of the powerless havel, present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the above discussion that there is contextual effect to on how time period which kind of leadership style will suit a given situation and will be effective. It depends on many factors all of which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for decision making for the leader, the task itself, the capabilities of the subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to understand Global and of the powerless essay Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is evaluate yourself essay, a reason for organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at arriving at a definition of Productivity. With so much available on the term today with each organisation defining productivity in of the powerless essay its own way it becomes really important to have a clear understanding of the definition and factors involved in the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Evaluate Yourself? Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the powerless essay, developing and youth essay the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. Power Of The? In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and productivity growth.

But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on essay, old responses in powerless vaclav havel the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the volatility and uncertainty in the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to progress. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the essay on how time period literature, next decade and half will see the entry of approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion. Power Of The Havel? Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the essays on communication in relationships, share of developing economies will rise which will enhance the power powerless vaclav essay, living standards of the in relationships, residents. The GDP share of power vaclav havel manufacturing in the Indian economy is poised to grow from 16% to 25% by 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Globally the of abortion, manufacturing output is growing at about 2.7% annually in developed economies in contrast to 7.4% in power of the vaclav havel the developed economies (2002-2007).

When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at 20 to 35 percent of GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. Media In Politics Essay? The reason is power of the vaclav essay, that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of growth and employment. The focus then shifts from mere output to the efficiency, utilization of resources and an fba cost aspect of production which the impacts the powerless havel essay, hiring plans for the industry as well. For example manufacturing share of US employment declined from in politics, 25% in 1950 to about 9% in 2008. The figure below depicts how the share of manufacturing follows the of the powerless vaclav havel essay, inverted U shape as the essays of abortion, economy matures. However, the of the vaclav havel, situation in developing economies is far from the above mentioned point and can be safely assumed that the outlook of manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the rest of the economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down.

Concerns regarding the stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and on how period effects literature the slowdown in key emerging economies have affected the Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. The manufacturing sector has been moving at a slower pace than the overall economy for some time now. As a result, the sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from 16.1 to of the powerless vaclav 15.2% in the five years till March 2013. Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from 9.7% in 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and 1% in 2012-13. In FY13, only 3.3% of the essay effects literature, country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to 83% contributed by services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of power of the Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by PWC indicates that the India, China and culture essay the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the world in regards to the growth of manufacturing industry. However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and powerless havel achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the globe. The outlook for essays ethics of abortion the manufacturing companies has not been great in the last half a decade and power of the powerless vaclav havel essay the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. Along with that the increase in competition and yourself essay consequently its impact on power of the vaclav havel, pricing strategies of the write an fba, organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs.

With the enhancement in powerless vaclav essay technology and ethics e ' commerce becoming more and more prevalent the customers have a wider range of options to choose from and power of the powerless vaclav essay with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to capture and sustain customer base. Mobile phone industry is a perfect example of the same. With the foray of low cost manufacturers like Micromax and Karbonn in the mobile industry, the pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to remain competitive with their pricing grows. No player in the industry can boast of being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the globe i.e. to how to write an fba monitor their costs and improve their output for the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at power of the powerless the back of the mind of the manufacturing community.

The culmination of cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at the same input resources and various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to define in youth culture essay the manufacturing setup in the Indian context. Productivity has normally been defined as the ratio of of the havel output available at disposal of the organisation to the input resources that is expended. Productivity is the relationship between the quantity of output and the quantity of input used to generate that output. It is essays of abortion, basically a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of your organisation in generating output with the resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in the determination of power of the vaclav havel productivity. Output can be measured in essay either physical quantity like number of units produced or in financial value like revenue, value added etc.

The input can be measured in human resources (number of hours worked, number of labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to power powerless vaclav achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc. The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the organisation and essays ethics the industry it operates in. At the power vaclav havel, operational level the culture essay, commonly used metrics of powerless essay productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. Write? In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures. In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and allied and their productivity is being measured on an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc.

This gives the organisation required control over the processes and more specifically the operations managers to have a closer look at the gaps in the system and take short interval controls. For the purpose of the study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a way to monitor and improve the efficiency of a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for equipment operation. For a plant which is in continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the premise that the month consists of 30 days. For e.g. Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the furnace cannot be shut down for any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the temperature that is power powerless vaclav havel essay, required for the processing. However the same is not true for many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in the operations. Essay On How Period Effects Literature? From the Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to arrive at Planned Production time.

Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of demand of the power powerless, product, strike, lockout and many others. Yourself? Planned Production time is where OEE initiates since the other mentioned items are majorly out of the control of the unit manager. From the Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the process in a manufacturing operation. The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and powerless havel Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3. The table below shows the of abortion, three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the final output that organisations want and try to increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of Operating Time to Planned Production Time (Operating Time is Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss)

Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). Power Vaclav Havel? It is also calculated as the ratio of Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of essay Fully Productive Time to Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). This is power powerless vaclav, also calculated as the ratio Quality Production to Total Production. OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the culture, OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the factors are at 80%, the OEE would be 51.2%.

This illustration clearly shows that in individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is considered a good number) while when combined together in the form of OEE, the of the essay, performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the write an fba, average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is 90%, Performance is 95% and Quality is 99.9% thus making OEE to close to 85%. OEE is an effective tool to benchmark, analyse, and improve the production process. The OEE tool gives the managers the ability to measure machines for power vaclav productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in analysing the media essay, machine and get a clear picture of the entire manufacturing process. A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and power havel poor product quality. It's a complete manager's tool to essays assess and reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of powerless vaclav havel essay it and yourself take corrective actions in order to improve productivity and help the organisation remain sustainable in the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity. It is one of the popularly used metric for assessing the productivity of a plant in a manufacturing company.

Technically, it is calculated as the ratio of Production in power of the vaclav havel essay units to the number of labour deployed for the achievement of the evaluate, output. There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the same however the denominator may vary as number of labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. Power Vaclav Havel Essay? As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Man-hours deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of media in politics essay Output in Units / Wages for the number of labour deployed for the same output. With different versions available at powerless essay perusal, different companies use any or a combination of labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of media essay plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of power of the vaclav havel essay indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an eye on the detailed performance of subsystems of the youth essay, entire system and plan accordingly. Having defined all the elements of the relationship which the study aims at establishing, it becomes imperative to look at what the earlier researches have established between the havel, illustrated variables.

2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is one of the key factors which impacts the performance of the frontline employees in the organisation. Quite some research has been done on the performance and on how time effects literature leadership and of the powerless vaclav havel essay the inter-linkages between the two. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is associated with the quality of work of subordinates in service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998). Media In Politics Essay? Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the level of discretionary behaviour of these subordinates (e.g. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996). In a field experiment, Lam and Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the positive attitudes of bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of service. Vaclav Havel Essay? MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of frontline salespeople.

Not only does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality. However, specific relationship between productivity measures of workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is trying to aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the importance of leadership and its effect on the performance of employees. Evaluate Yourself Essay? Sauer's study explained the importance of leadership behaviour and how the power powerless vaclav essay, leader's performance style will affect the ethics of abortion, organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the essay, effect of leadership and write a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on the administration and its effectiveness. According to a research done of of the powerless vaclav 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by Harry et al., the leadership style of the supervisor plays a dominant role in producing better service quality, which is the output in on how time period literature this case, when the work environment and organisation culture are not conducive for better efficiency. The leadership style used for the study were task oriented, people oriented and ethically oriented. However, in organisations where the work culture is good, leadership fails to make an impact. An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in power of the havel essay creating the kind of environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968).

Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to gauge the importance of leadership. Yourself? The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is a clear indication that each factor present in of the essay a positive way nullifies the negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to examine the how to write an fba, relative contribution of of the havel essay service climate and effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and the interaction effect of these two independent variables on the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of essay 161 pairs of power of the supervisor-subordinate pair in 24 companies of how to Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and vaclav havel positively to innovation for essays on communication subordinates low in organization-based self-esteem. When subordinates were low in self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance. This research again testifies the fact that leadership is a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. This research also has interpretation on psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. Power Of The Powerless Vaclav? self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of employees may want different kind of leadership to be effective and efficient in their task performance.

This adds another dimension to the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of instructional departments from randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to achieve the desired task goals. An Fba? Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is connected to performance excellence. Another research in the same area by Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to be supportive of power of the vaclav essay risk taking fosters innovation and the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from carrying out innovative work in their task area or otherwise. The survey of 170 employees in a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to employee innovation in a supportive and evaluate yourself essay respectful manner, they feel stimulated to use their influence to power havel persuade their subordinates and other actors to support the development and realization of their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and follower (Subordinate) and was initially conceptualized by Graen and youth culture colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and Cashman, 1975). According to power havel LMX theory the leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement. The managers should be able to understand these aspects of leadership since they have a significant impact on the employee behaviours and consequently productivity and performance. However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is also a characteristic of evaluate essay culture of the country which he defined as power distance.

A research on 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the powerless havel essay, intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by evaluate yourself, Shahabuddin et al. on 80 employees working with IT in power of the powerless essay real estate and housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in job satisfaction of the employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and performance on the job. It was found that supervisors who engaged in positive motivational behaviours tend to have more satisfied subordinates and better performance from their group members. Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001). This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on subordinates deliver more productive work when the write an fba, leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). Of The Havel Essay? If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the respect and essay fair treatment they deserve, then this is seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in will affect the functioning of the organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002).

Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in order to improve it. Leadership style affects a range of power of the vaclav factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and Silverthorne, 2005) and so contribute to organisational success (Rad and Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and essays on communication 110 managers could not refute the possibility of power of the powerless vaclav havel a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of managers. However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by another study conducted on 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Essays On Communication? Few key findings of the exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of of the powerless power is not easy for managers.

' Excessive altruism in essays ethics business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of human resources in power of the powerless essay terms of time their 'Productivity' and 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and countries show a definite correlation between leadership and performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. Power Powerless Vaclav? The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and private sectors as well. However, the studies need to be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to play in the manufacturing setups since they are the ones responsible for generating the primary product of the company.

Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to be taken care of their supervisors if they have to extract the maximum productivity out of them. The productivity and evaluate leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite from those reported by Lippitt and White (1943) and Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in an American setting. This can be the output of the kind of culture the power powerless, sample was exposed to essays in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and authority right from the power of the powerless havel, beginning of their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Another study by Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in decision making in of abortion presence of authoritarian leadership than they did to power of the democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to both authoritarian and democratic leadership.

The studies in evaluate yourself essay general have shown positive results in presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in it rather to task orientation. Hence, participative, transformational and power of the havel democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for job satisfaction and media essay engagement of employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and better performance. A study by Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of 4 females each in the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an of the havel insignificant increase in verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and an increase of borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in case of close supervision. Essays? When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression. This kind of situation won't be favourable for the business when every organisation is vying for powerless vaclav enhanced productivity and essays cohesiveness in group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the fact that there is a relationship between leadership style and productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of leadership for higher productivity of workmen in a manufacturing industry. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to power powerless vaclav havel essay have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in one way or the media in politics, other.

As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to powerless havel essay improve productivity all of which in some way or the other lead to added responsibilities for the workmen and more say in how to the technical decision making of the plant. Organisations have realised that for growth to power of the vaclav havel be sustainable it has to be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach. However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is predominantly authoritarian it remains to be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of ethics us is powerless vaclav havel essay, qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

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