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AT#038;T#8217;s Resources and Capabilities Essay. ATT is define big bang, one of the coursework osmosis largest telecommunication network provider in the world and define big bang, they are a market leader in United States. Besides the traditional forms of communication like local and persuasive essay treatment rather jail, distance telephone services through mobile lines or landlines, ATT’s primary business is to provide a diversified of telecommunication services to American customers and their services includes: Wi-Fi, high speed internet, internet TV, fiber optics, satellites, voice and cloud services with a whole suite of IP-based business communication services. They were established back in 1876 when Alex Graham Bell first invented telephone. Together with the group of ATT subsidiaries, they have over 105 million subscribers in 225 countries and close to 250,000 employees worldwide (ATT, 2014). According to the (Plunket Research, 2013), the market value worldwide for telecommunication industry in 2013 was USD 5 trillion and the market value for United States alone was USD 1.2 trillion. Technology has been an integral part of our daily life; and it is widely used in all business organizations. 91% of adults in nucleosynthesis, United States owned a cell phone (Pew Research, 2013) and the telecommunication industry may seems to be an attractive industry with the increase demand of such product and scholarly essay, services. Nucleosynthesis? However, due to the rapidly technological evolution, this is a highly competitive market to sustain competiveness in the market. For example, ATT’s business evolves around technologies, there is shift of paper demand in the consumer market; consumers have switch to use instant messaging services like ‘whatapps’ instead of talking over define nucleosynthesis the phone or short messaging services. ATT must be able to criticism papers, implement alternate strategies to meet customers’ need before competitors.
Though there are four major players in the telecommunication industry, ATT’s main competitor is Verizon; they have similar financial strength and market share while Sprint and T-mobile hold a very small percentage of the market share. When firm resources in an industry are homogenous, competitive advantages cannot exist (Bain, 1956). To continue as the market leader, ATT needs to have sustainable competitive advantages against define nucleosynthesis, competitors. According to writing scholarly, Barney (1991), a firm is said to have a competitive advantage when it is implementing a value creating strategy not simultaneously being implemented by any current or potential competitors. And to sustainable competitive advantages firms have to analyze their internal environment and implement strategies that will exploit their strengths by define nucleosynthesis, exploring the external opportunities while neutralizing external threats and avoid internal weakness. Porter (2005) reinstates that firms will attain competitive advantage by essays on pregnancy, developing a strategy that enable them to have a unique marketing position. Kanter (1999) also argue that to define nucleosynthesis, sustain competitiveness in the market, firm must innovate in an accelerating rate. Gender Papers? Resources and Capabilities Leading ATT the Market Leader. Define Nucleosynthesis? The resource-based view (RBV) strategy analyzes a firm’s internal resources that may potentially be the key resources that can have a competitive advantage. And in order to sustain a competitive advantage, a firm must have unique resources (Barney, 2004). Biology Osmosis? RBV strategy is used to evaluate the internal capabilities on an organization resources and competences (Barney, 2001).
Resources are productive assets owned by the firm; capabilities are what the firm can do (Grant and Jordon, 2012). By applying Barney’s (1991) VRIN framework, we can determine whether the internal resources will contribute to the firm’s strategic capability. Nucleosynthesis? They four key attributes of the VRIN framework are: (1) Valuable; exploits competitive opportunities (2) Rare; they must be rare in the competitive environment (3) In-imitable; competitors cannot duplicate the sources (4) Non-substitutable; must not be easily replaceable by alternate products. Gcse Biology? The key resources ATT possesses are the strong financial resources, extensive network infrastructure, research and development facilities, human resources, unique culture, brand image and intellectual properties. Resources are then classified into tangible assets or intangible assets and define big bang, they must be heterogeneous and immobile to have sustainable competitive advantages. For ATT to achieve strategic capability, we need to evaluate ATT internal resources and their capability to essays and childbirth, perform well with those resources.
Just resources alone or capability alone will not lead to strategic capability. Over the decades, ATT has built different network platform worldwide to support a range of wireless voice and define big bang nucleosynthesis, data capabilities. They have the widest network coverage, with more than 18,000 WiFi hotspots in 42 countries. In the United States, ATT’s customers can access to free WiFi services at many popular hangout places like Starbucks, Borders and McDonalds. Scholarly Essay? ATT is also financially strong to big bang nucleosynthesis, invest of their network infrastructure. They have invested billions of dollars to install fiber optic cable nationwide to provide customer a much faster and persuasive treatment than for batterers, stable network connection. Lieberman and Montgonmery’s (1998) first-mover theory state that firm may have competitive advantages through new innovations. ATT was the first to define, introduce 4G networks in scholarly, the nation and define big bang nucleosynthesis, they are the first and only company who has the resources and capability to restore the network issue in the event of natural disaster.
They have built their reputation and essay, brand in the industry over the years and are known as a technology leader with new innovations. Being the first-mover, ATT has built customers’ confidence by nucleosynthesis, being perceived as the industry leader who can deliver additional values to consumers thus reduce rivalry competition. For example, ATT was certified by job research, Department of Homeland Security for their Network Disaster Recovery program and US Navy awarded them a 10.4 million contract for the cloud-based voice-over IP recently. Financial and network infrastructure are key tangible assets to ATT, they are extremely valuable to ATT as these primary resources integrating with their intangible assets to achieve competitive advantage. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis? Physical resources as such may confer little advantage to essay on dubai, company for long term. For example, rival like Verizon, who has the similar financial capabilities may soon acquire similar assets. Verizon has already starting building the 4G networks. Define Nucleosynthesis? Acquisitions and mergers are often strategies in big firm.
Strong financial resources give ATT the capability to acquire other companies to strengthen their portfolio by essay treatment than jail, leveraging on define, external capabilities. ATT has announced to acquire DirecTV, the biggest cable television provider to strengthen their portfolio. Though ATT provides cable television services, they have less than 6 million subscriber in their ‘U-Verse’ bundle package, which include Internet, landlines and cable TV. The merger of paper essays DirecTV increase ATT’s cable television subscriber four time more than their U-Verse and an additional 18 million cable television subscriber in South America (Forbes, 2014) by big bang nucleosynthesis, leveraging on the DirecTV’s existing network infrastructure and treatment rather, customer data based. There are high risks in define big bang, every merger, many firms failed because company are unable to essays on pregnancy and childbirth, integrate. I believed that ATT will successfully integrate these businesses together and will be able to deliver additional value to the customer by nucleosynthesis, providing an integrated solution and extend to more subscribers. Unlike tangible assets, intangible assets like human resource, branding, intellectual properties, research and developments do not have a financial value and often the intangible assets are undervalued and yet contribute much more than the tangible assets. ATT is the most valuable brand in Texas, with a value of 45 billion (Jean, 2014). Through various strategies, they have built a great reputation and brand recognition in the United States over the century. ATT has the exclusivity distribution of Iphone when Apple first launched them in the market. ATT has the upper hand in terms of business negotiation and research papers, bargaining power of suppliers are low due to the ATT’s extensive customer base and their brand.
Porter (2005) argues that differentiation strategies give the firm competitive advantages against rivals. Being unique and different will also lead to higher profitability by demanding higher price. ATT differentiates them from big bang nucleosynthesis, rivalry by highly focusing on criticism research, research, development and customer-centric approach. ATT has invested heavily in their research and define big bang, development lab and they have 1300 of the job research essays world’s best scientist and engineers. ATT’s researcher has contributed to the industry with many new inventions since 1901 and they made major technological inventions like communication satellite and nucleosynthesis, solar cell that changes the job research paper way technologies work. According to Barney (1999) ‘A firm obtains valuable and nucleosynthesis, rare resources because of gender criticism research papers its unique path through history, it will be able to exploit these resources in define nucleosynthesis, implementing value-creating strategies that cannot be duplicate by others’ and ‘A firm with scientists who are uniquely positioned to create or exploit a significant science breakthrough may obtain an imperfectly imitable resource from the history-dependent nature of essay on dubai these scientist’s individual human capital’. Since ATT is a network company, research and development will be one of the most valuable resources to the firm. Besides new innovations, understanding customers’ need is equally important. Some other key development focus includes increase process automation and consolidation, improve and define nucleosynthesis, enhance customer experience.
Ability to deliver new technology and offer alternate products and criticism research, services that better suit the customer needs is the key strategy to stay ahead of define big bang competitors. ATT is rated as the company with the essays best customer service experience in the industry and ATT’s customers are the first in the industry to have e-commerce services; they are able to big bang nucleosynthesis, view their bills online and persuasive treatment rather for batterers, also have added features like bill sorting by categories, request service updates and many more. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis? Intangible assets like intellectual property, trademarks, copyrights and patents do not have an asset value, but they extremely valuable, rare, in-imitable and non-substitutable. Having heavily invested in research and development, these patents give ATT the exclusive right to protect their innovations. ATT has more than 5,000 registered patents and essay rather, trademarks; they have 3 patents registered averagely per day. Grant (2005) describes human resource as the productive services offered to define, the firms by human being through their skills, knowledge, reasoning and decision-making abilities.
Besides the scientist and engineers in the ATT Lab, ATT has employees from persuasive treatment jail, a diversify background that has different potential to define big bang, contribute to the organization in different business function. Essay On Dubai? Continue training and education will ensure that employees will have the essential knowledge, and the capability to perform their jobs. There are a variety of training programs specially designed for define the employees of all level and biology, functions. For example, ATT University provides leadership training to managers at define nucleosynthesis, different level, skills development program design from retail sales to engineers. In 2012, ATT spent 250 million dollars for employees’ training and development and 28 million for tuition reimbursement to increase the employees’ knowledge and skills, which can in return transform into the human resource capabilities.
It is very difficult to find a right candidate for the right position and it is even harder to retain talent in an organization. ATT has one of the best compensation packages to retain talent, to increase employees’ loyalty and biology coursework osmosis, decrease employee turnover rate. Big Bang? Barney (2005) recognized that a firm’s culture is one of the most valuable resources. And Childbirth? Culture is the work routines and how organization operates; every organization has their own mission, vision, strategies, values, beliefs and behavior. ATT has a unique culture, they are highly focus in technology, leadership innovation, customer-centric focus, possess high integrity and believe in nucleosynthesis, collaborative teamwork. Embedded capabilities are very likely part of the organization culture and ATT’s unique culture contributes to the strategic capabilities on the firm. Both human resource and company culture are valuable resources, rare, in-imitable, and essay on dubai, non-substitutable. AT is a differentiation leadership, who has superior customer service with the most reliable and fastest services; customers are willing to pay a premium price for the best provider. Their core competencies are: ability to scale the nucleosynthesis business, creation of new innovations ahead of essay on dubai competitors, integration of network components, integration of define big bang software components and network integration. ATT has sustainable competitive advantages in the telecommunication industry because they possess inimitable strategic capabilities through complexity of internal and external linkage, with their achievements and past experience in the telecommunication industry, they are able to innovate and paper essays, stay ahead of competitors. The organization has accumulated knowledge through both formal system and shared experience of people and they are able to integrate into organization capabilities.
Due to the complexity of the define big bang resources, another firm will able to achieve sustainable competitive advantages with the same kind of criticism resources. For example, Continental Lite tried to imitate Southwest’s budget airline, they failed and suffered heavy losses. Similar, even if Verizon have some of ATT’s employees like the engineers, senior management, and including the same network infrastructure, Verizon will not have able to achieve competitive advantages as ATT because they do not know the linkage of all the core competencies which will lead to failure. ATT (2014) Investors Relations. Available from: http://www.att.com/gen/investor-relations?pid=5711%5B [Accessed 8 June 2014] Bain, J. 1956.
Barriers to New Competition. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Barney, J.B. (1991). Firm’s resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17: 99-120 Barney, J.B. (2001)‘Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten-year retrospective on the resource-based view’ Journal of define big bang Management December 2001 27: 643-650, Bloomberg Businessweek (2014), ATT Inc (T: New York). Available from: http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/financials/financials.asp?ticker=T [Accessed 21 June 2014] ‘ATT-DirectTV Merger Shows Telecom And Television Are Now The Same Business’ 2014, Forbes.Com, p. 1, Business Source Premier, EBSCO host, viewed 3 June 2014. Job Research? Jean, S. (2014) Dallas News.
Ranking: ATT is the most valuable bank in Texas. Available from http://bizbeatblog.dallasnews.com/2014/03/ranking-att-is-the-most-valuable-brand-in-texas.html/ [Accessed 25 June 2014] Grant, R. and Jordan, J. (2012) Foundation of Strategy. 1st edn. West Sussex: John Wiley Sons Ltd Grant, R. (2005) Analyzing Resources and Capabilities. Contemporary Strategic Analysis. Volume 5 p.130-185 Kanter, R. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis? M. 1999.
From spare change to real change. Harvard Business Review 77 (3): 122–32. Lieberman M.B. Montgomery D.B (1988), “First-Mover Advantages”, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 9, 41-58 Market Watch. (2014) ATT Inc. Available from criticism research, http://www.marketwatch.com/investing/stock/t/financials/cash-flow [Accessed: 8 June 2014] Porter, M. (M 2005) #8216;Michael Porter on Strategy#8217;, Leadership Excellence, 22, 6, p. 14, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 23 June 2014. Porter, M. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis? (2008) M. E. Competitive Strategy, Free Press, New York, 1980. Porter, M 2005, #8216;Michael Porter on Strategy#8217;, Leadership Excellence, 22, 6, p. 14, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 23 June 2014. Pew Research. Criticism Papers? (2013) Cell phone ownership hits 91% of adults [Online] Available from: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/06/06/cell-phone-ownership-hits-91-of-adults/ [Accessed: 10 June 2014] Plunket Research. (2014) Telecommunication Industry Market Reseach [Online] Available from: http://www.plunkettresearch.com/telecommunications-market-research/industry-and-business-data [Accessed: 10 June 2014] The Wall Street Journal (2014), ATT Enhances Mobile Internet Coverage in Bud Walton Area At The University of Arkansass. Available from: http://online.wsj.com/article/PR-CO-20140603-905535.html# [Accessed: 8 June 2014] University/College: University of define nucleosynthesis Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.
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Purpose Of Education Essays and Research Papers. FINAL DRAFT PURPOSE OF EDUCATION It is very easy to take education for granted and overlook how significant it . is in life and define nucleosynthesis the impact it has on essays on pregnancy and childbirth people the world and the future. Children go to define big bang nucleosynthesis, school everyday not realizing that this place really serves a purpose in their life and future. Persuasive Essay Jail. In order for education to really matter and make a difference, it must provide a nurturing supportive environment that gives cultivates ideas, build on passions and develop individual skills. For this to happen. Critical thinking , Education , Learning 980 Words | 3 Pages. The purpose of education is to open the nucleosynthesis, minds of students to diversity, cultures, and osmosis views from big bang nucleosynthesis, all over the world. In order to . create such an environment for students, they must be taught from different aspects of different people, should function in an uncorrupt society, and should have an unlimited amount of information that they can access so that the research, learning process can be achieved easily. Drawing on the articles “I Know Why the Caged Bird Cannot Read”, “A talk to Teachers”, and define big bang nucleosynthesis “Studying.
Civilization , Education , Learning 1251 Words | 3 Pages. John Travolta Earl Sullivan Writing 121 28 February 2013 The Right Path When I first started school I did not understand the purpose of . my education . I saw it as another thing I was forced to do. All children are forced to go to school and I think that because we have no choice our childhood image of education ends up blurry. Generally when people are forced to do something against essay on dubai their will they develop a lack of motivation for the activity. I think this explains why many kids in big bang nucleosynthesis, elementary.
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The purpose of writing essay education is to enhance one’s human values, create financial stability, and promote knowledge. The education system is flawed in these areas, they must work on these in order to create financial stability. Curriculum , Education , History of education 886 Words | 3 Pages. Abstract This paper evaluates the define nucleosynthesis, benefits of obtaining a higher education . Gender Criticism Research Papers. There are many advantages to obtaining a college degree that can . benefit the overall wellbeing of an individual. Society will also benefit as a whole due to the nature of one’s intelligence within a community. As for nucleosynthesis, the human race knowledge is power, and power can do great things. A higher education promises widespread opportunities for essays and childbirth, graduates.
In recent years it was much more common for high school graduates. Academic degree , College , High school 1037 Words | 3 Pages. “ Education should no longer be mostly imparting knowledge, but must take a new path, seeking the release of human potentials.” In the above . mentioned lines Dr. Maria Montessori wants to define big bang nucleosynthesis, convey that purpose of education is not just transfer the knowledge from person to person or teacher to students but to help students release their full human potential. It is coursework, not just that teachers give and students take either way they get understood or not. “ Education is a natural process carried out by define nucleosynthesis the. Child development , Childhood , Critical period 2797 Words | 7 Pages. The Purpose of persuasive essay treatment rather jail for batterers Values Education in Schools Today. purpose of values education in schools today Values are core traits and qualities that represent an individual’s beliefs and . guiding principles, which form the foundation of define nucleosynthesis who we are. Values of people in society differ from one another due to the culture, upbringing, religious beliefs and many other experiences that shape each and every human being. Persuasive Essay Rather For Batterers. Primarily, values are fundamentally taught at a young age, these values are predominantly learnt from family and define big bang friends, the community and through. Education , Integrity , Morality 1681 Words | 5 Pages.
National Education Policy 1979 By Roll No.01,48,12,37,41 National Education Policy 1979 What is education ? . Essay On Dubai. Meaning: The education has been derived from Latin words Educare”. Define Nucleosynthesis. “Educare means to train, to bring and lead out', so we can say that education is to writing scholarly essay, bring up, to developing and shaping up the individual talent and his inner potentialities. Define Nucleosynthesis. Definition: Education is a process in which and by which the knowledge, characters and behavior of the human being are shaped and paper molded. College , Education , Educational stages 1174 Words | 7 Pages. PURPOSE OF EDUCATION First of all I would like to define education . Education is the process or . is the define big bang nucleosynthesis, way of gender criticism learning. From childhood when we able to spoke and able to communicate with others then we started learning from our family society. Define Big Bang. And for academic carrier we started to went school, after completing our school then we went colleges universities for our higher education . And then we try to do job or business to live a lovely life. And this condition we try to led our sound life.
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Included in define nucleosynthesis, the consultation process were parent and teacher organisations; business, union and community leaders; academics working in the field of education ; education officials and people within the Queensland Government with an interest in or responsibility for educational matters. Consultation. Curriculum , Education , Education in the United States 8644 Words | 25 Pages. Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one . generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of essays on pregnancy and childbirth others, but may also be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. A right to education has been recognized by some governments. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. At the global level, Article. Alternative education , Education , Educational stages 2392 Words | 7 Pages.
THE AIM OF EDUCATION IS TO CULTIVATE PERSONALITY INTEGRATION AND CREATIVE INTELLIGENCE: Education as the essay on dubai, fostering of natural . human development.GROWTH IN FREEDOM theme: Discussion of aim of define nucleosynthesis education is a function of the philosophy of education or 'educational theory'. The aim of education - in the fullest and deepest sense of the word - is in keeping with the nature of the human personality or 'human nature'. Human nature is writing essay, defined in terms of the cultivation and development of perceptive. Agriculture , Education , Higher education 1440 Words | 5 Pages. The purpose of education is to give to the body and to the soul all the beauty and all the perfection of which they are capable. . - Plato • Education is define nucleosynthesis, preparation to live completely. - Herbert Spencer • A complete and rather than for batterers generous education fits a man to define, perform justly, skillfully, and magnanimously all the offices, both public and private, of peace and war. Essays. - John Milton • Education seeks, by social stimulus, guidance, and control, to develop the natural powers of the big bang, child, so. Education , George Washington Carver , John Milton 553 Words | 2 Pages. What is a school and what is persuasive essay than jail for batterers, it for?
1. Distinguish between education and schooling. Answer: Education is a process of define . human growth by which one gains greater understanding and control over oneself and one’s world. It involves our minds, our bodies, and essay on dubai our relations with the define nucleosynthesis, people and persuasive treatment rather jail for batterers the world around us. Education is also characterized by continuous development and nucleosynthesis change. The end product of the process of education is learning. Schooling is a specific, formalized process, usually focused. College , Education , Grammar school 673 Words | 3 Pages.
“ Education driven by passion awakens us to a world bigger than ourselves and research makes us curious. Learning becomes self-sustaining as it . Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. transforms from a requirement to a desire.” First of all, what is a globalization education ? A Globalization is a series of social, economical, educational, ethnological, cultural, and political changes that promote interdependence and growth. Globalization raises the standard of living in developing countries, spreads technological knowledge, and increases political. Education , Educational psychology , History of education 958 Words | 3 Pages. The Purpose of Education According to essay on dubai, Herbert Spencer, an nucleosynthesis English philosopher who lived form 1820 to 1903, “The great aim of . education is not knowledge, but action.” I agree with Spencer’s statement that the aim of education is action, not knowledge because society experiences improvements when educated people take actions. The mandatory requirement of scholarly essay education is define nucleosynthesis, action because it brings to knowledge the dynamic process of interaction within the world. One historical and concrete example. Abuse , Critical thinking , Domestic violence 751 Words | 2 Pages. Education System in Desperate need of Change Sir William Haley once said, “ Education would be so much more effective if its . purpose were to essays on pregnancy, ensure that by the time they leave school every boy and girl should know how much they don’t know, and be imbued with a lifelong desire to know it”.
If students were guaranteed to leave school with knowing of what they don’t know and the desire to continue learning, the method of learning will be correct. Today’s education system does not give students the big bang nucleosynthesis, opportunity. Cognitive science , Education , Educational psychology 1004 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Purpose of Education I believe education have encompass a spirituality as well as that passion to become that . educator to become an effective teacher in coursework, the classroom and in the community.The passion for teaching exists because of the many experiences I encountered as a young girl. One lasting experience that remained with me, was the big bang nucleosynthesis, fact that many of my teachers were able to job research, motivate me and allow me to reach my potential. So because of define big bang this experience, I also want to be able to reach my student. Education , Educational psychology , History of essays on pregnancy education 475 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Purpose of Education The world is define big bang nucleosynthesis, run by those who are educated and successful.
Education is the key to . success in life. Essays And Childbirth. It is big bang, very important for everyone. The role of education is to scholarly essay, prepare students for college, prepare for work and help students how to socialize. Define Nucleosynthesis. It allows you to do things that you are not able to do without an education . The role of education is to prepare students for college. During four years of high school, students have many teachers, coaches and essay on dubai role models. School. Education , History of education , Learning 425 Words | 2 Pages. The main purpose of education is to nucleosynthesis, help national development Education is not preparation for life. Gcse Coursework. . Education is life itself. (John Dewey ) Can you imagine the life without education ? Can you imagine the country without education ? Education gives great opportunities to improve one’s country. For example, thanks to enormous investment in education , Korea has successfully changed in many ways for a short period time after Korean War.
Especially, technology education makes Korea's IT technology is recognized as one of the best in the world. Economic growth , Education , Education in Japan 572 Words | 2 Pages. read the Southern University College of Education Framework. Write approximately one substantive paragraph explaining what this means to you . in terms of your Southern University educational perspective. III.
Please read the Professional Dispositions below and sign at the bottom. Professional Dispositions for Teaching Excellence Graduate School of Education You are expected to demonstrate professionalism throughout your graduate education program. Professionalism includes the. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Education 1176 Words | 6 Pages. The Purpose of Education and its role towards an big bang nucleosynthesis individual’s life and the Reforms in present education System . In most of the dictionary education is defined as the imparting and acquiring of essays on pregnancy and childbirth knowledge through teaching and big bang learning. It’s is something one learns in schools and college, but I think that’s not true. Education is not only offered in school but it is journey which begins at birth and for gcse coursework osmosis, most of us it has already begun. Education is to not only equip people with the knowledge of define big bang the. Curriculum , Education , Educational psychology 534 Words | 2 Pages.
10/26/2012 Education “Knowledge is power” as Focault stated. This quote is commonly used to define not only the importance of knowledge . and its effect, but ones decision to attain knowledge demonstrates power of writing essay developing knowledge. Education is one of the main factors in attaining knowledge. Nucleosynthesis. Education serves and effects society in numerous of ways. The influence of educational institutions, the structure it has on children and adolescents, the control education has on essay on dubai society, how education transform. Academic degree , College , Education 1635 Words | 5 Pages. The Foundation of all civilized life is nucleosynthesis, education . In modern society, we have made it a right rather than a privilege, and this must be seen as . one of the greatest achievements of the past century.
This does not however mean that every recipient of compulsory education is grateful. Gone are the days of angelic, smiling faces in unblemished uniform and talk-and-incur-the-wrath-of-the-most-supreme attitude. All this has been replaced by aggressive dressing and the mafia-style you mess with us we. Cognitive science , Education , History of essay on dubai education 559 Words | 2 Pages. Do you agree that education is no longer the key to success? Q-Do you agree? K- Education , no longer, key, success T- . Define Big Bang. Education INTRODUCTION Education in the past had been deemed as a must for one to have a bright future. However in today’s world, the success brought about by education becomes subjective to people. This brings about many controversies as to whether education is really essential for gcse osmosis, us to succeed in life.
Education exists in many forms, ranging from paper qualifications to nucleosynthesis, character. Curriculum , Education , Educational psychology 1606 Words | 5 Pages. CONTENT OF EDUCATION WHAT IS EDUCATION Education is not only and childbirth, cognitive and intellectual learning, and . learning of skills and work-related competences. Big Bang. It is much broader to include moral and ethical issues, values, attitudes, religion, spiritualism, art and more. It is, indeed, important to focus on this when education in schools and universities has become a large “industry” and when the world, instead of becoming more peaceful, seems to be more confrontational than before. The main reason.
Education , Ethics , Learning 800 Words | 3 Pages. Education Education , I’d have to essays and childbirth, say it’s the define nucleosynthesis, one thing that many students complain about everyday but inside secretly enjoy . like the song “Call Me Maybe”. Papers. Even though I might not be fond of getting up at define nucleosynthesis six everyday to essays on pregnancy and childbirth, go learn, I know many parents around the world would kill for their child to have the opportunities I have in the society I live in. I receive a world-class education , with many opportunities to define big bang, further my learning at a college or university. It isn’t only the knowledge I get. Education , Education in the United States , High school 2417 Words | 7 Pages. SITUATION ANALYSIS Intoduction Education in its general sense is a form of gender research learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of . people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Nucleosynthesis. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. A right to education has been created and recognized by some. Alternative education , Curriculum , Education 802 Words | 3 Pages.
An Argument on Education APA degree program Leslie Burnam Liberty University Abstract . Education is important to have with today’s economy in the shape that it is in. However, there are different ways that people define education . Some people believe that to be considered well educated they need to persuasive rather than, have the nucleosynthesis, top education in the United States, the essay, highest GPA, and the highest standardized testing scores! I firmly believe that your knowledge first comes from. Education , God , Grade 1499 Words | 4 Pages. it wasn’t his or her fault (p. 132). To emphasize his point of nucleosynthesis view about the unimportance of grades in paper essays, the system scholar, he declared, “In spite of the big bang nucleosynthesis, . staggering amount of incontrovertible evidence that grading not only does not accomplish its purpose , but in gcse osmosis, realty inhibits and injures the educative process, we obstinately continue with this perverted practice (p. 132).” In my opinion, Arthur’s view that they should eliminate grading in academic evaluation is wrong.
The author based his. Education , Education in define nucleosynthesis, the United States , Grade 978 Words | 3 Pages. Education . Why or Why not? Education , define as the art of systemic learning inspire every one of us, and educated human beings . are able to possess the writing essay, power of influence in big bang nucleosynthesis, academic discourses. If there’s no input, then there will be no output, and essay on dubai believe it or not, education allows people to be creative and define big bang innovative in developing our digital world. Generation after generation, the medium of providing education has improved in using interactive technology such as - digital projector, high-speed. Education , Higher education , Right to job research, education 1976 Words | 6 Pages. ? Running head1: SAMPLE PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION PAPER A Sample APA Formatted Philosophy of Education Paper . Future Teacher Lastname Indiana University Northwest F200 Examining Self as Teacher February 2006 A Sample APA Formatted Philosophy of Education Paper Introduction The purpose of this paper is to guide you through the process of writing your philosophy of education paper and to define nucleosynthesis, demonstrate the correct format. Use it as a template as you write your paper. This page. Book design , Education , Paragraph 1247 Words | 4 Pages.
What are the purposes of Education and to what extent are these reflected differently in essays and childbirth, the Education System of the UK and your country? What are the purposes of Education and to what extent are these reflected differently in the Education System of . the UK and your country? There is define, some controversy over the extent to which dominant ideology is job research paper essays, considered an important factor in educational purposes . It is generally believed that education refers a social work activity, which can be defined as the define big bang nucleosynthesis, propagation and studies of various knowledge which are human civilization achievement, the skills and social experiences of life. Writing Essay. In. College , Education , High school 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? Education and Transformation Essay Transformative learning is the process of “using a prior interpretation to construe a new or revised . interpretation of the meaning of nucleosynthesis one’s experience in essay on dubai, order to define big bang, guide future action (Mezirow, 2003). It is gcse osmosis, also a process where “an education that is define big bang nucleosynthesis, transformative redirects and essays on pregnancy reenergizes those who pause to reflect on what their lives have been and take on new purposes and perspectives” (Will McWhinney et al., 2003). Jack Mezirow’s central idea is the process.
Consciousness , Education , Learning 2441 Words | 9 Pages. Pate0890@umn.edu Introduction Higher education is critical in a developed economy. In most developed countries, education is define big bang nucleosynthesis, . considered a basic right. Hence the criticism papers, costs of higher education is highly subsidized by nucleosynthesis governments. This results in a significantly reduced number of students that need to work to on pregnancy and childbirth, pay for their education . The United states is one of the nucleosynthesis, few counties, developed or otherwise, where the almost all the burden of paying for higher education is put on the student. This has certain. College , Community college , Education 2839 Words | 7 Pages. time we are introduced to formal education is in school. The school years are the grounding years of one's education . Schools are . institutions that lay the essay, foundation of a child's development. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. They play a key role in developing children into responsible citizens and good human beings. It's a school where young talent is recognized and nurtured.
On leaving school, we are all set to research papers, soar high in life, and big bang enter the real world in pursuit of our dreams. Education provides us with knowledge about the. Barack Obama , Cicero , Education 985 Words | 3 Pages. STATE OF PHILIPPINE EDUCATION By: Bro. Armin A. Writing Scholarly Essay. Luistro FSC (DepEd Secretary) In our present time , there are many speculation spoken . by different people, regarding the implementation of the new Curriculum , K to 12.There are many question still hanging on define nucleosynthesis ,Is it the solution to our poverty , underemployment and unemployment.? Does K to 12 curriculum basically enhance our students knowledge? Does this curriculum eliminates at lessen poverty in and childbirth, our country. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. Our. Curriculum , Economic system , Education 623 Words | 4 Pages. Today, education is the most important tool for the development of society.
There is a direct correlation between education and . development of society. The countries that realize this fact, giving the required importance for their education system, have become highly developed. Education should be promoted since it is the most important factor for the development of a country. The promotion of the education is depended on the factors like literacy rate in a country, schooling rate in essay on dubai, the primary. Economic development , Economics , Education 821 Words | 3 Pages. Radhakrishnan committee report The Radhakrishnan Committee had lot to say about the University Education but it reviewed the secondary . Define Nucleosynthesis. education in the country as well. It was this commission which remarked that Secondary Education continues to be the weakest link in our educational machinery and needs urgent reform. It recommended: (i) A twelve year secondary course instead of ten years, (ii) That teachers' lot be improved, (iii) Admission to on pregnancy and childbirth, the university be after intermediate examination. Education , Gymnasium , High school 2226 Words | 6 Pages.
Beginning College Students Melissa W. Chase Dissertation submitted to big bang nucleosynthesis, the faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University In partial . fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy In Career and Technical Education Daisy L. Stewart, Co-chair Lisa G. Driscoll, Co-chair Celia R. Hayhoe Irene Leech William T. Price May 11, 2004 Blacksburg, Virginia Keywords: Cognitive, College students, Consumer decision-making styles, Consumer Styles Inventory, First-year. Chi-square test , Decision making , Demographics 1755 Words | 5 Pages. EDUCATION Did you know that education in school is really important? Many parents believe that education is . Persuasive Essay Treatment Rather Jail For Batterers. important because it leads to a degree which grants you a good job. With an education you can get a steady pay check. With that pay check you will get away to financial independence as an adult.Why is Education So Important?he first thing that strikes me about education is knowledge gain.
Education gives us knowledge of the world around us. It develops in us a perspective of looking. Education , High school , High school diploma 854 Words | 3 Pages. ESSAY ON EDUCATION IN THE NEW SOCIETY By: Edfel V. Define Big Bang. Cabag One of the world’s issues of today is on context of education . Job Research Paper Essays. . Many education conventions have been organized to big bang nucleosynthesis, discuss on matters relevant on the development of educational goals and programs. Writing Essay. Education should be considered as one factor in define, the development of essay rather jail for batterers man as the most significant since it brings all breakthroughs in all walks of define big bang nucleosynthesis life. From the time of primitive education to the medieval period, education has been playing a. Alternative education , Curriculum , Education 888 Words | 3 Pages. Education : Its Aims And Objectives Education , says Aristotle,” is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body.
It . encompasses in itself the all round development of an individual. Persuasive Jail. The success of spreading education to the widest possible area lies in the way it is imparted. Nucleosynthesis. With the ever changing technology scenario, the methods of imparting education too have been undergoing changes. Essays On Pregnancy And Childbirth. But education itself is an age old process, rather as old as the define nucleosynthesis, human race itself. It was man's education. Education , Human , Learning 1521 Words | 4 Pages. “the Purpose of Life Is a Life of Purpose” “The Purpose Of Life Is A Life Of Purpose ” In each one of us, there burns a soul destined for greatness.
In every generation, . a few are chosen to proven… and paper sometimes, it happened while others are in the bathroom. Life: No one knows where it will take us. Is it our own decisions that guide us or does fate play a big role in dictating the road that we travel? Which course we will be steering? What twists we must endure? One thing is for big bang, certain; there is no certainty. No wait too long and everything. Death , Life , Meaning of jail life 1858 Words | 5 Pages. essay I will discuss all the situational factors that formed the basis of the reforms during the era of big bang education reform from 1976-1994 in . South Africa. The essay will critically discuss factors in detail regarding pre 1994 education . I will then give a conclusion on all the factors that influenced the educational reforms.
The Soweto uprising in 1979 In 1979 there was a huge riot against the education act. The riot was about creating equal learning opportunities for everybody, black and coloured people. Africa , Curriculum , Education 1095 Words | 4 Pages. Formal Education Vs. Informal Education Are you or your child receiving an treatment jail education that fits your . element? If not then when would now be a good time to define, look into that? Adults and children today or mostly unaware of how education is being presented do to the fact that they are only aware of writing scholarly essay one type of education . Of course most of us all are all born and raised on the ladder system which is another way of define big bang saying formal education , but many people don't realize that there.
College , Curriculum , Education 1452 Words | 6 Pages. Remedial Education According to essay on dubai, my knowledge, education helps empower people. I think education helps shape . people; it affects how we act, think and respond. Sometimes education can help a person find their path in life. The process of getting a good education , however, may have its flaws. Most of the time, kids who are raised in a poor neighborhood doesn’t get the define, same opportunities as kids who are raised in a wealthier community.
Like Mike Rose, I believed that everyone deserves a second chance. College , Education , Higher education 883 Words | 3 Pages. WHY STUDENTS’ TEACHERS’ IN TANZANIA STUDY HISTORY OF EDUCATION DAVID E. MSHANA DEC. 2012 Education according to osmosis, Nyerere (1967), . refers to the transmission from one generation to the next the accumulated wisdom and define nucleosynthesis knowledge of the society and to prepare young people for their future membership of the society and essay their active participation in its development. In other way it can be defined as a process of teaching, training and learning especially in schools or colleges to improve knowledge and develop. Dar es Salaam , Education , History 856 Words | 3 Pages. Education Many people in the world think that education is an absolutely wonderful thing and that its necessary by all means. . Yes it is a good thing and is needed to define, be more successful but it is not necessary by all means. Education can set you up to be more success and in the long run make more money but also it can take away from the importance of gender criticism outside experiences and street smarts. As school goes on it even becomes less enjoyable because its more of the things that they believe is what needs. Education , Equation , Learning 937 Words | 3 Pages. Use of a Liberal Education : As Lite Entertainment for big bang nucleosynthesis, Bored College Students” As a student, I have read “On the Use of a Liberal . Education : As Lite Entertainment for Bored College Students” written by essay treatment rather than jail Mark Edmundson many times.
Edmundson’s article is now published in textbook (for example: from Inquiry to Academic writing) and taught in English university education . Edmundson argues that nowadays liberal education is as lite entertainment for bored college students; education is product and universities. Education , Higher education , History of education 942 Words | 3 Pages. production of good results irrespective of external factors. Excellence in simple terms can be described as the big bang, ability to do well or the production of . positive outcomes. Excellence in schools can be assessed differenty depending on the schools primary purpose . For example schools that do well in mathematics regard themselves as being excellent whereas schools that perform well in Speech and gcse biology coursework osmosis drama also regards themselves also as being excellent. So in actual fact, the description of the excellent depends.
College , Corporal punishment , Education 1281 Words | 4 Pages. people say that education system is the only critical factor to development of a country. Nucleosynthesis. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this . Job Research Paper. statement. Education is considered a certain ladder for big bang, everybody to climb up to prosperity. From the poor to scholarly, the rich, according to parents' conception, children are forced to study in the early ages. Consequently, it has been increasingly recognized that the development of a country is only contributed by education . To begin with, a good education system can supply.
Boarding house , Boarding school , Education 1473 Words | 4 Pages.
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open source essay This article has been superseded by a major rewrite, “Open Source” misses the point of Free Software, which is big bang nucleosynthesis much better. And Childbirth! We keep this version for historical reasons. While free software by define, any other name would give you the same freedom, it makes a big difference which name we use: different words convey different ideas . In 1998, some of the people in the free software community began using the term “open source software” instead of “free software” to describe what they do. Criticism Research! The term “open source” quickly became associated with a different approach, a different philosophy, different values, and define nucleosynthesis, even a different criterion for persuasive essay rather jail which licenses are acceptable. The Free Software movement and the Open Source movement are today separate movements with different views and goals, although we can and do work together on some practical projects. The fundamental difference between the two movements is in their values, their ways of looking at define, the world.
For the essay rather than jail for batterers, Open Source movement, the nucleosynthesis, issue of whether software should be open source is a practical question, not an ethical one. As one person put it, “Open source is a development methodology; free software is a social movement.” For the Open Source movement, non-free software is a suboptimal solution. For the Free Software movement, non-free software is essay on dubai a social problem and free software is the solution. Relationship between the Free Software movement and Open Source movement. The Free Software movement and the Open Source movement are like two political camps within the free software community. Radical groups in the 1960s developed a reputation for factionalism: organizations split because of disagreements on details of strategy, and then treated each other as enemies. Or at least, such is the image people have of nucleosynthesis, them, whether or not it was true.
The relationship between the Free Software movement and the Open Source movement is just the opposite of that picture. We disagree on the basic principles, but agree more or less on the practical recommendations. So we can and do work together on many specific projects. We don't think of the rather than, Open Source movement as an enemy. The enemy is define big bang nucleosynthesis proprietary software. We are not against the Open Source movement, but we don't want to essay on dubai, be lumped in with them. We acknowledge that they have contributed to define big bang nucleosynthesis, our community, but we created this community, and essays, we want people to big bang nucleosynthesis, know this. Essay On Dubai! We want people to associate our achievements with our values and big bang nucleosynthesis, our philosophy, not with theirs. We want to be heard, not obscured behind a group with different views. Essay On Dubai! To prevent people from define big bang, thinking we are part of them, we take pains to avoid using the word “open” to describe free software, or its contrary, “closed”, in talking about non-free software.
So please mention the Free Software movement when you talk about the writing scholarly essay, work we have done, and the software we have developedsuch as the big bang, GNU/Linux operating system. This rest of biology coursework osmosis, this article compares the two terms “free software” and “open source”. It shows why the term “open source” does not solve any problems, and in big bang, fact creates some. The term “free software” has an ambiguity problem: an coursework osmosis unintended meaning, “Software you can get for zero price,” fits the nucleosynthesis, term just as well as the intended meaning, “software which gives the gender research papers, user certain freedoms.” We address this problem by define big bang nucleosynthesis, publishing a more precise definition of free software, but this is not a perfect solution; it cannot completely eliminate the problem. An unambiguously correct term would be better, if it didn't have other problems. Unfortunately, all the alternatives in English have problems of their own. We've looked at many alternatives that people have suggested, but none is so clearly “right” that switching to it would be a good idea.
Every proposed replacement for and childbirth “free software” has a similar kind of semantic problem, or worseand this includes “open source software.” The official definition of “open source software,” as published by the Open Source Initiative, is very close to our definition of free software; however, it is define a little looser in some respects, and they have accepted a few licenses that we consider unacceptably restrictive of the users. However, the obvious meaning for the expression “open source software” is “You can look at writing essay, the source code.” This is a much weaker criterion than free software; it includes free software, but also some proprietary programs, including Xv, and Qt under its original license (before the QPL). That obvious meaning for “open source” is not the meaning that its advocates intend. The result is that most people misunderstand what those advocates are advocating. Define! Here is essay on dubai how writer Neal Stephenson defined “open source”: Linux is “open source” software meaning, simply, that anyone can get copies of its source code files.
I don't think he deliberately sought to reject or dispute the define big bang nucleosynthesis, “official” definition. I think he simply applied the essay on dubai, conventions of the English language to come up with a meaning for the term. The state of Kansas published a similar definition: Make use of nucleosynthesis, open-source software (OSS). OSS is software for which the source code is freely and publicly available, though the specific licensing agreements vary as to what one is allowed to essay on dubai, do with that code. Of course, the define big bang nucleosynthesis, open source people have tried to deal with this by essay on dubai, publishing a precise definition for the term, just as we have done for “free software.” But the explanation for “free software” is nucleosynthesis simplea person who has grasped the idea of job research essays, “free speech, not free beer” will not get it wrong again. There is no such succinct way to explain the official meaning of “open source” and show clearly why the define, natural definition is the wrong one. The main argument for the term “open source software” is that “free software” makes some people uneasy. That's true: talking about osmosis, freedom, about ethical issues, about responsibilities as well as convenience, is asking people to think about define nucleosynthesis, things they might rather ignore.
This can trigger discomfort, and some people may reject the idea for that. Scholarly! It does not follow that society would be better off if we stop talking about these things. Years ago, free software developers noticed this discomfort reaction, and some started exploring an big bang approach for avoiding it. They figured that by keeping quiet about ethics and freedom, and talking only about the essay on dubai, immediate practical benefits of certain free software, they might be able to “sell” the software more effectively to certain users, especially business. The term “open source” is offered as a way of doing more of define, thisa way to be “more acceptable to business.” The views and values of the Open Source movement stem from this decision. This approach has proved effective, in its own terms. Today many people are switching to free software for purely practical reasons. That is good, as far as it goes, but that isn't all we need to do! Attracting users to free software is not the whole job, just the first step. Sooner or later these users will be invited to scholarly essay, switch back to proprietary software for some practical advantage. Define! Countless companies seek to criticism research papers, offer such temptation, and why would users decline?
Only if they have learned to value the freedom free software gives them, for its own sake. Define Nucleosynthesis! It is up to us to research, spread this ideaand in order to do that, we have to define, talk about freedom. A certain amount of the “keep quiet” approach to essays, business can be useful for the community, but we must have plenty of freedom talk too. At present, we have plenty of “keep quiet”, but not enough freedom talk. Most people involved with free software say little about freedomusually because they seek to be “more acceptable to business.” Software distributors especially show this pattern. Some GNU/Linux operating system distributions add proprietary packages to the basic free system, and they invite users to consider this an advantage, rather than a step backwards from freedom. We are failing to keep up with the influx of define big bang nucleosynthesis, free software users, failing to teach people about freedom and our community as fast as they enter it. Job Research! This is why non-free software (which Qt was when it first became popular), and partially non-free operating system distributions, find such fertile ground. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis! To stop using the word “free” now would be a mistake; we need more, not less, talk about freedom. If those using the job research paper essays, term “open source” draw more users into our community, that is a contribution, but the rest of us will have to work even harder to bring the define, issue of freedom to essays on pregnancy and childbirth, those users' attention.
We have to say, “It's free software and it gives you freedom!”more and louder than ever before. The advocates of big bang, “open source software” tried to on pregnancy, make it a trademark, saying this would enable them to prevent misuse. This initiative was later dropped, the term being too descriptive to qualify as a trademark; thus, the legal status of big bang nucleosynthesis, “open source” is the same as that of “free software”: there is no legal constraint on using it. I have heard reports of writing scholarly, a number of companies' calling software packages “open source” even though they did not fit the official definition; I have observed some instances myself. But would it have made a big difference to use a term that is define big bang a trademark?
Not necessarily. Companies also made announcements that give the impression that a program is “open source software” without explicitly saying so. Persuasive Treatment Rather Than! For example, one IBM announcement, about a program that did not fit the official definition, said this: As is common in the open source community, users of the . Define Nucleosynthesis! technology will also be able to gcse biology, collaborate with IBM . This did not actually say that the program was “open source”, but many readers did not notice that detail. Define Nucleosynthesis! (I should note that IBM was sincerely trying to make this program free software, and osmosis, later adopted a new license which does make it free software and “open source”; but when that announcement was made, the big bang nucleosynthesis, program did not qualify as either one.) And here is how Cygnus Solutions, which was formed to and childbirth, be a free software company and subsequently branched out (so to nucleosynthesis, speak) into proprietary software, advertised some proprietary software products: Cygnus Solutions is a leader in the open source market and osmosis, has just launched two products into the [GNU/]Linux marketplace. Unlike IBM, Cygnus was not trying to make these packages free software, and the packages did not come close to qualifying. But Cygnus didn't actually say that these are “open source software”, they just made use of the define big bang, term to give careless readers that impression. These observations suggest that a trademark would not have truly prevented the confusion that comes with the term “open source”. The Open Source Definition is clear enough, and it is on pregnancy and childbirth quite clear that the define nucleosynthesis, typical non-free program does not qualify. So you would think that “Open Source company” would mean one whose products are free software (or close to it), right?
Alas, many companies are trying to papers, give it a different meaning. At the “Open Source Developers Day” meeting in August 1998, several of the commercial developers invited said they intend to make only a part of their work free software (or “open source”). The focus of their business is on developing proprietary add-ons (software or manuals) to sell to the users of this free software. They ask us to regard this as legitimate, as part of our community, because some of the money is donated to free software development. In effect, these companies seek to gain the define, favorable cachet of “open source” for their proprietary software productseven though those are not “open source software”because they have some relationship to free software or because the same company also maintains some free software. Gender Papers! (One company founder said quite explicitly that they would put, into the free package they support, as little of their work as the community would stand for.) Over the years, many companies have contributed to define nucleosynthesis, free software development. Some of job research, these companies primarily developed non-free software, but the big bang, two activities were separate; thus, we could ignore their non-free products, and work with them on free software projects. Then we could honestly thank them afterward for their free software contributions, without talking about the rest of what they did.
We cannot do the same with these new companies, because they won't let us. These companies actively invite the public to lump all their activities together; they want us to regard their non-free software as favorably as we would regard a real contribution, although it is not one. They present themselves as “open source companies,” hoping that we will get a warm fuzzy feeling about them, and that we will be fuzzy-minded in essay on dubai, applying it. This manipulative practice would be no less harmful if it were done using the define big bang, term “free software.” But companies do not seem to use the term “free software” that way; perhaps its association with idealism makes it seem unsuitable. The term “open source” opened the door for persuasive essay treatment than jail for batterers this.
At a trade show in late 1998, dedicated to the operating system often referred to define nucleosynthesis, as “Linux”, the featured speaker was an executive from a prominent software company. He was probably invited on account of his company's decision to “support” that system. Unfortunately, their form of “support” consists of releasing non-free software that works with the writing, systemin other words, using our community as a market but not contributing to it. He said, “There is no way we will make our product open source, but perhaps we will make it ‘internal’ open source. If we allow our customer support staff to nucleosynthesis, have access to the source code, they could fix bugs for gcse biology the customers, and we could provide a better product and better service.” (This is not an exact quote, as I did not write his words down, but it gets the gist.) People in the audience afterward told me, “He just doesn't get the point.” But is that so? Which point did he not get? He did not miss the point of the Open Source movement. That movement does not say users should have freedom, only that allowing more people to look at the source code and help improve it makes for big bang nucleosynthesis faster and better development. On Pregnancy And Childbirth! The executive grasped that point completely; unwilling to carry out that approach in full, users included, he was considering implementing it partially, within the company.
The point that he missed is the point that “open source” was designed not to raise: the point that users deserve freedom. Spreading the idea of freedom is a big jobit needs your help. That's why we stick to the term “free software” in the GNU Project, so we can help do that job. If you feel that freedom and community are important for their own sakenot just for the convenience they bringplease join us in using the define nucleosynthesis, term “free software”. Lakhani and Wolf's paper on the motivation of free software developers says that a considerable fraction are motivated by job research essays, the view that software should be free. This was despite the fact that they surveyed the developers on SourceForge, a site that does not support the view that this is an ethical issue. “Our mission is to nucleosynthesis, preserve, protect and promote the freedom to use, study, copy, modify, and writing scholarly essay, redistribute computer software, and to big bang nucleosynthesis, defend the rights of Free Software users.” The Free Software Foundation is the principal organizational sponsor of the on pregnancy and childbirth, GNU Operating System. Support GNU and the FSF by buying manuals and gear, joining the FSF as an associate member, or making a donation , either directly to the FSF or via Flattr. Please send general FSF GNU inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org.
There are also other ways to define, contact the gender criticism papers, FSF. Broken links and other corrections or suggestions can be sent to email@example.com. Please see the define big bang nucleosynthesis, Translations README for information on coordinating and submitting translations of this article. Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2007, 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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a2 history essays The following outline is intended as to provide one example of how to write an essay. Treat it as food for thought, as providing a set of define big bang, suggestions some of which you might incorporate into your own method for writing essays. It is useful to begin by considering why essay-writing has long been the method of choice for assessment in history. The chief reason is that no other method provides as effective a means of osmosis, testing a student's comprehension of a topic. We want you to show us that not only have you acquired a knowledge of the topic but also that you fully understand the nucleosynthesis, topic and the issues raised by essay on dubai, it.
Essays test understanding by asking you to select and re-organise relevant material in order to produce your own answer to the set question. An undergraduate essay need not be particularly innovative in its approach and insights, but it must be the product of the student's own dialogue with the define big bang nucleosynthesis, subject. Paper! Essays which do not answer the define nucleosynthesis, question can only be regarded as demonstrating some knowledge of the scholarly essay, topic, they cannot be said to define big bang show understanding of the topic. Essays which plagiarise or merely reproduce what others have said do not even show knowledge of the topic. Plagiarism is thus not merely a matter of theft, it involves an entirely unacceptable subversion of the job research essays, learning process. 2. Is there a right and a wrong answer? History essays are less about finding the big bang, correct answer to the set question than they are about demonstrating that you understand the issues which it raises (and the texts which discuss these issues).
With most historical problems (certainly the most interesting ones) it is seldom possible to arrive at a definitive answer. Essay On Dubai! The evidence almost always permits a variety of solutions, and different approaches generate divergent conclusions. There are, however, limits to the field of possible solutions, since they must fit in define, with 'the evidence'. Of course, exactly what constitutes 'the evidence' is almost invariably one of the gender criticism research, issues under discussion among the historians who are most deeply engaged with the problem, but in general for each historical question there will be a body of big bang nucleosynthesis, evidence which is recognised as being relevant to it. This body of essays, evidence will typically comprise what the define big bang, primary sources tell us about the events and phenomena under discussion.
A good answer will need to harmonise with all of biology osmosis, this evidence, or explain why particular items have been dismissed as having no bearing on the problem. It follows from all of this that there certainly are wrong answers that is, answers which fall outside the field of possible solutions or which fail to take account of define big bang nucleosynthesis, received evidence even though there is no 'absolutely right' answer. Essential steps: select a question; identify the scholarly essay, subject of the question; what are you being asked to do - that is, what kind of information will you need to answer the question, and how will you have to treat it? Circling the key words in the question is sometimes a helpful first step in working out exactly what you need to big bang do. It is useful to note that there is usually a natural way of structuring your answer: that is, a way of organising an answer which follows naturally from the format of the question and which will put the fewest obstacles in the way of the reader: 'Explain' and 'why' questions demand a list of reasons or one big reason; each reason will have to be explained - that is, clarified, expounded, and illustrated. 'Assess', 'evaluate' and gcse biology osmosis 'define-the-significance-of' questions require judgements supported by reasons, explanation and evidence. You must show why your assessment is the best by considering its merits vis--vis alternative evaluations. It might be useful to big bang nucleosynthesis define and essay defend the criteria on which your judgement depends. That is, to explain why they are the best criteria for judging the big bang nucleosynthesis, historical phenomenon at issue. 'What-role-did-X-play-in-Y' questions imply a functionalist approach - that is, they require that you identify the treatment jail for batterers, function of some phenomenon, group or institution within some specific system.
Thus, the subject of the question is the 'Y' rather than the 'X' element. That is, the define big bang nucleosynthesis, question requires a discussion of the system as a whole and the consideration of alternative explanations of how 'X' worked within it. 'To-what-extent' questions involve a judgement of measure. One way of answering the question would be set up a series of 'tests', as it were, that can be investigated in turn. Essay On Dubai! This essay will examine five spheres which cast light on the extent of Jewish influence in high medieval France: namely, their role in the commercial life of the towns, the role of Jewish banking in the agrarian economy, their influence on Christian intellectual life, .. [and so on]. The essay would need a conclusion in which you pulled together the results of your test cases: It has been seen that the Jews exerted a profound influence on the intellectual life of the universities but almost none on that of the established monastic orders.. 'Quote-and-discuss' questions require you to identify the issue at define big bang stake and to produce a reasoned response. You may respond, for example, by agreeing with the quotation in essays on pregnancy, which case you will need to explain why agreement is the define big bang nucleosynthesis, best response, why it would be wrong to essays disagree. You should consider the merits of a variety of responses. If possible you should always examine the book or article from which the quotation has been taken in order to discover what its author meant by it, to discover how the author has understood the issues. Big Bang! 'Compare-and-contrast' questions demand the identification of similarities and differences. One method of tackling such an essays, essay would be to distinguish five or six areas of similarity and contrast, and to devote a section of the essay to each area - a section in which you would assess the degree of similarity and reach a sub-conclusion. The conclusion would then require a summation of the various 'sub-conclusions'. It needs to be stressed that none of these types of question calls for define nucleosynthesis, a narrative approach . You will never be asked to produce a narrative of what happened.
In rare circumstances, a few sentences of narrative may form part of the evidence cited in support of a point, but the essay as a whole should be organised according to a logical structure in which each paragraph functions as a premise in the argument. Essays On Pregnancy! The analytical and expository voice will always prove more effective than the narrative mode of nucleosynthesis, writing. The aim of persuasive treatment than, your initial reading should be to identify an argument which answers the question - one which you find plausible and define big bang nucleosynthesis can carry through with conviction. For this purpose, it will be useful to read at least two or three items, including a recent book covering the essays and childbirth, general area in define, which the topic falls. Articles in reference books such as an gender research papers, encyclopaedia can provide an overview, but they rarely provide adequate coverage of the issues. Citing such works will undermine the credibility of your essay.
Do not forget to make notes as you go. Making notes helps you to summarise arguments and ideas, to select points relevant to define big bang nucleosynthesis your essay, to clarify and adjust your understanding of the essay question and of the topic it bears upon. But your main priority should be to discover an gender, argument. Once you have come up with a working argument, you need to draw up a plan to guide the next stage of big bang, your research. It should comprise a list of the points which each paragraph will attempt to demonstrate, and rough notes on supporting examples. It may be useful to begin by thinking again what type of question you have chosen and by writing, looking the natural way of answering it.
In order to draw up a plan you will need to evaluate its merits: What points will I need to make in define nucleosynthesis, order to sustain this argument? Are there alternative points of view which will have to be considered and refuted in order to make this argument work? Do I have enough examples and evidence to support the points which are crucial to my argument? Do I need to know more about the examples I'm planning to use? Perhaps there is another way of looking at writing scholarly this piece of evidence which I'll have to nucleosynthesis mention or even refute?
Having decided on the line of argument you intend to use, and identified areas where you need more material, search the reading list and bibliographies of the texts you've been using for books and articles which will help you to solve these problems. Go and collect the treatment rather, information, making notes and adding notes to your plan as you go along. Do not forget to make careful bibliographical notes for big bang nucleosynthesis, every book and article you consult. You will need this information when it comes to footnoting your essay. Inevitably, the previous stage will turn up things you hadn't thought of and books with better things to say about the topic. Do not panic. Ask yourself: can your argument be saved with a few adjustments? Does the essay on dubai, argument need to be re-constructed from scratch? If so, how can I recycle the big bang nucleosynthesis, information I've already begun to collect? Much will depend upon how confident you now feel about coursework your argument.
Follow your instincts: if the argument feels wrong, look for a better one. It is define big bang better to biology coursework osmosis start again than to write an essay that lacks conviction. If complete reconstruction is unavoidable, go back to '5. Drawing up a Plan'. Having revised you argument (and plan), it's time to write your essay. If you've carried out steps one to five properly, it should be possible to write the first draft up in two or three hours. (a) Writing an Introduction. An introduction should show how you intend to answer the question, by (1) indicating the line of argument you intend to take, by (2) giving an overview of the organisation of what follows, and by (3) indicating the sort of material or evidence you will be using. Nucleosynthesis! It is an effective strategy, especially when writing a short essay, to begin with a bold, attention-grabbing, first sentence which shows the marker that you know what you are doing: that is, answer the question as briefly as possible with your first sentence. The second sentence should then enlarge upon the argument indicated by the first. (b) The body of the essay. Criticism! Intelligent use of paragraphing is crucial to the success of an essay.
Often, it is best to organise the paragraphs so that each makes and define defends a point or premise essential the argument of the essay on dubai, essay. (By 'premise' is meant a point which is part of and essential to the argument of the essay.) It must be entirely clear how your points fit into the argument: essays which meander around the topic leaving the marker to define big bang nucleosynthesis join the dots to comprise an answer are not acceptable, since they fail to writing demonstrate understanding. It is a good idea to use 'topic sentences' to signal the subject and make explicit the point of each paragraph. These ought not to be too repetitive in form but should show how the paragraph fits into the argument of the essay as a whole. The following topic sentences (here marked in red for clarity) would, for example, be appropriate as a way of introducing paragraphs that comprised a series of 'tests' in a 'to-what-extent' essay that called for an assessment of the effects of the Black Death on the development of medieval Europe. It is also possible to assess the define, extent of the and childbirth, catastrophe by looking at the level of define big bang, demand for gender criticism papers, land in the major urban centres. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis! In Genoa, for example, land prices fell sharply from a high in 1310 of. [several sentences of examples] . The dramatic fall in essay on dubai, the prices of land within urban centres implies an big bang nucleosynthesis, equally sharp fall in the numbers of essays, people wanting to live in cities and, thus also, a sudden decline in the actual number of people living there. Notice how the point briefly introduced in the topic sentence is developed naturally by the second sentence of the paragraph. It is better to define avoid trying the explain everything in a single sentence: clusters of sentences that flow from one to another are much more effective!
Signposting your evidence will give the essay that all important sense of critical depth and essays on pregnancy and childbirth originality: Seapower was a crucial to big bang European expansion. This much is illustrated by biology coursework osmosis, the way in which Europe expanded between the tenth and sixteenth centuries. Southwards and eastwards expansion in the eastern Mediterranean was heavily dependent upon the availability of effective fleets of warships and define trading vessels. There were critical moments, such as in the late eleventh-century conquests of Sicily and Sardinia, when. [and so on.] You need to give the marker a sense of where your opinions end and of where the supporting evidence begins. But remember to vary your signposts: using the same phrase over and over again will distract and bore the reader. If the supporting evidence is not a well-known and irrefutable fact, it will probably need to be given the additional support of a footnote indicating where you have obtained your information or which historian's interpretation of the than for batterers, piece of evidence being deployed you have chosen to follow. It will sometimes be useful to quote other authors, especially primary sources, but do not overdo it. It is often better to put things in your own words while still clearly signalling the source of the idea and using a footnote (e.g. 'According to Mayer the first crusade.'), since this helps to show that you have understood what was being said - providing that you have indeed grasped what was being said! (c) The Conclusion. All essays need a carefully thought out conclusion which follows logically from the points made and affirmed in the course of your essay.
It need not rehearse the points you have rejected. Always check to see that the define big bang, conclusion you have drawn is the one which follows logically from the points and essay on dubai evidence you have assembled. (d) Footnoting. Define! Opinions differ over whether to footnote after completing the first draft or as you write. Sometimes, it is best to go back and footnote the essay after you have finished, because inserting footnotes can disturb the flow of your writing.
On the other hand, it is useful to consider what will need to be footnoted as you write, since footnotes are part of the rhetorical apparatus of a formal essay and give weight and persuasive essay treatment jail for batterers power to an argument. For the same reason, it is best to put the notes at the bottom of the page rather than at the end of the essay. It looks more impressive (especially if you cite well and widely), and saves the marker flicking back and forth. The markers, it should be noted, are under instructions to check footnotes. (e) Once you have finished you should compile your bibliography . Define! (f) Now save your essay, print out a text, put it aside for a couple of days, and work on something else. Inevitably, when you come to re-read your essay, you will always think of better ways of putting things. You may even think of supporting evidence you could add to the text, but make sure that any additions do not spoil the flow. You may find that some of your points are irrelevant: this material should be disregarded. Persuasive Rather For Batterers! You should also ask yourself whether the links between the paragraphs are clear and logical? Perhaps the essay would be more effective if they were put in a different order?
If the essay has been written on a word processor it should be easy enough to achieve this by big bang nucleosynthesis, cutting and pasting paragraphs. Your essay should have a clear and gcse osmosis consistent structure throughout, so that one paragraph follows another logically and carries the argument forward. Define Nucleosynthesis! You will need to writing scholarly essay edit: for nucleosynthesis, grammar, spelling and punctuation; to gcse biology coursework remove unnecessary verbiage, colloquialisms and jargon; to ensure that the footnotes and define nucleosynthesis bibliography conform with the required style sheet; and for the coherence and quality of your writing. You should always check the printed text of your essay before submitting it. The eye tends to overlook errors on the screen, and spell checkers almost invariably allow a significant number of mistakes to persuasive jail for batterers slip through. 'Their' and 'there', for define, example, will both be accepted as correct by a word processor regardless of which one you should actually have used in a given context. The ability to write good essays does not come to many people easily.
It is essay treatment rather a skill which requires constant attention and practice. It is, however, a skill which will serve you well no matter what you choose to do when you leave university. Effective communication is a key to success in big bang nucleosynthesis, many walks of life. There is, therefore, every incentive to apply yourself to the development of this art. Credits: This guide was devised and biology coursework osmosis developed by Paul Antony Hayward (2000-2007).
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Big Bang nucleosynthesis
Cancer Council Australia’s Student Essay Competition: Prevention is better than cure. 6th year Medical Student, University of Western Australia. “When meditating over define big bang nucleosynthesis, a disease, I never think of finding a remedy for it, but, instead, a means of preventing it.” Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) Cancer treatment breakthroughs have generated significant media coverage for several decades. Osmosis? Fuelling the fervent community desire for a ‘magical’ cure for cancer, media articles have incessantly spoken of numerous impending discoveries in cancer treatment. Yet sadly, no significant cure has materialised. Meanwhile, the incidence of cancer in Australia has steadily increased by 36% between 1990 and 2000. 1 Considering the define big bang nucleosynthesis aging population, the total number of new cases of gender criticism cancer is projected to rise by yet another staggering 31% between 2001 and 2011. 2 This daunting picture is further complicated by the fact that Australia has a relatively small workforce to support this rising patient population. 3. Dealing with this unprecedented challenge in cancer control therefore requires a new approach.
Owing to nucleosynthesis the tremendous impact of modifiable factors on cancer risk, it has been estimated that at least one-third of all cancers are preventable. Essays? 4 Cancer prevention is defined as the reduction of cancer mortality through a reduction in the incidence of cancer. 5 This involves reducing exposure to modifiable risk factors, along with population-based screening to allow early detection of define big bang pre-cancerous lesions. The success of prevention campaigns is scholarly, evident from the prevention of more than 17,000 premature deaths in 1998 due to a range of successful tobacco control measures initiated in the 1970s. 6 The decline in the incidence and mortality of big bang cervical cancer due to gender research early detection of pre-cancerous abnormalities by Pap smears is an additional example of an effective intervention at the population level. 1 Furthermore, according to the World Health Organisation, prevention offers the most cost effective long-term strategy for the control of cancer. 4 Therefore, the future of cancer control in Australia lies not in the discovery of an elusive cure, but in a national commitment to prevention, with a rebalancing of the focus, as well as the funding of research. “The broad goal, of course, is to end the define big bang disease. The highest-leverage approach is prevention…and the best prevention approach we have now is getting people to avoid risky behaviour.” – Bill Gates 2007.
This essay will analyse the common modifiable risk factors for cancer and the existing and emerging preventative strategies in Australia, and the associated population-based screening programs. Modifiable risk factors and persuasive rather cancer screening. With regards to define nucleosynthesis modifiable risk factors, the most consistent finding over decades of research is the strong association between tobacco use and cancer. 5 Smoking contributes to 12% of all cancers in Australia, causing over 90% of lung cancers in addition to a large range of criticism other malignancies. 3 The cancer risk is dose-related: longer duration and heavier consumption patterns increase the likelihood of developing cancer. This has specific implications for the Australian youth.
A child who starts smoking at 14 years or less is 15 times more likely to die of lung cancer than a person who has never smoked. 8 Given that eight out of 10 people take up smoking before the age of 18 and may remain addicted for life, 3,9 reducing the prevalence of define tobacco use in the young population has been one of the major targets of cancer prevention policies in Australia. Persuasive Essay Than Jail For Batterers? The first step occurred in 1972 with a mandatory health warning on cigarette packages. 3,10 More radical approaches were developed after the emergence of the passive smoking issue. Non-smokers with long-term exposure to environmental tobacco smoke have a 25% higher risk of developing lung cancer than non-exposed non-smokers.
11 This resulted in the announcements of smoke-free policies in all enclosed licensed premises including pubs and define clubs. 12. In addition, there have been graphic public education campaigns such as the National Tobacco Campaign and support services and Quit lines have been made available to assist after the decision to quit has been made. 3 Other major developments have included bans on most forms of tobacco advertising (under the Tobacco Act 1987) with a rise in the price of gcse biology coursework cigarettes, restrictions on sales to minors and define the use of graphic health warnings on all tobacco products. 3,9-10 As a result, the job research paper essays smoking prevalence of adult Australians has consistently declined to a daily smoking rate of big bang 17.4% in 2004 for smokers aged over 14 years of age. 13 The incidence rate for men of cancers attributable to smoking fell by an average of 1.4% per year, while the rate for women rose by 0.7% per job research paper essays year between 1991 and 2001. The increase is predominantly in females aged 65 years and over, while rates in big bang younger women have generally remained stable or fallen. Writing Essay? 4 Furthermore, in terms of cost-effectiveness, the returns have been enormous, with the $176 million spent on anti-smoking campaigns over 30 years delivering $8.6 billion in benefits. 13. Although there has been an incremental reduction in smoking prevalence in Australia, 17.4% of Australians still continue to smoke and hence face a significant yet avoidable cancer risk. 14 Furthermore, the prevalence of smoking in Indigenous Australians is overwhelmingly high at 54%.
As a result, they are more than twice as likely to die within five years of a cancer diagnosis as non-Indigenous cancer patients, in large part because of the poor prognosis of cancers caused by smoking. 3 Thus, there is define big bang nucleosynthesis, still room for improvement. In fact, estimates based on recent trends indicate that if adequate resources are committed to tobacco control in Australia, the smoking prevalence can be lowered by a further 1% per annum. 6 Steps are already being taken in this direction. On Pregnancy And Childbirth? The Victorian Government has announced an additional $5.6 million of funding for anti-smoking marketing campaigns to big bang further reduce adult smoking rates in Victoria to 14% by 2013. 15 The Rudd Government has introduced a $14.5 million plan to cut smoking rates in Indigenous communities. 16 Some other strategies that can be implemented include a national production of health warning labels on cigarette packs in the Aboriginal language, as was done in Nhulunbuy Miwatj Health service in 1998. 17 There are clearly new opportunities being developed to essay on dubai target smoking and reducing smoking prevalence now that would lead to significantly fewer overall cancer diagnoses in the longer-term future. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer.
Infection with high-risk HPV has been clearly established as the central cause of cervical cancer. Define Big Bang? Currently, early identification and on pregnancy and childbirth treatment of pre-cancerous abnormalities associated with persistent HPV infection is the best protection against the disease. 3-5 Routine screening with Pap smears has been the main focus of the National Cervical Cancer Screening Program in Australia. As a result of this screening, between 1991 and 2001 the incidence rates of cervical cancer have almost halved among women aged 20 to 69 and the mortality rates are among the lowest in the world, demoting cervical cancer to the 13th most common cancer in women in Australia. Define Nucleosynthesis? 3,18-19. Nevertheless, there is scholarly essay, tremendous potential for define big bang, improvement given that the aged standardised participation rate in scholarly essay 2003-04 for women aged 20 to 69 years was only 60.7%. Recruiting unscreened women to the program still remains a priority . Define Nucleosynthesis? 20 This is on pregnancy, especially true for the Indigenous populations with numbers never screened, ranging from 20–64%. Define? Indigenous women are more than four times more likely to die of cervical cancer than other Australian women.
20 Participation may be enhanced by using strategies such as Aboriginal community involvement in planning and delivery of screening programs and gender-sensitive provision of culturally appropriate services by GPs. Biology Osmosis? Given that approximately 80% of big bang nucleosynthesis Pap tests are taken by GPs, the Australian Government introduced a cervical screening practice incentive payment in 2001 to support general practices to enhance cervical cancer screening, with 91.7% of practices in Australia signed on gender research, to participate by 2006. 3 Other initiatives should address issues such as reduced access to big bang nucleosynthesis services. For example, in Queensland a network of 13 specially trained mobile women’s health nurses has been established to provide preventive health services such as cervical cancer screening to women in rural/remote areas. 21.
A major development in gender papers the prevention of cervical cancer has been the introduction of a vaccine designed to prevent two of the most common types of high-risk HPV (HPV 16 and 18), which are responsible for 70% of cervical cancers. This vaccine has been shown to be 100% effective against these HPV strains. However, as the vaccine does not protect against define nucleosynthesis all types that cause cervical cancer, vaccinated women should still have regular Pap tests. Furthermore, vaccinating Aboriginal women will help lower the incidence and gcse biology coursework osmosis mortality from cervical cancer in these populations. However, it is important to ensure that the vaccine’s introduction does not confuse the public about the importance of a Pap smear. Successful implementation of the vaccination program requires education of the general public about HPV and the need for big bang nucleosynthesis, Pap smears, de-stigmatising HPV infection and gaining acceptance for vaccinating adolescents for a sexually transmitted infection before their sexual debut. Criticism Papers? 3,22-24, While the National Cervical Screening Program has been effective at reducing cervical cancer incidence and mortality, the nucleosynthesis vaccine offers the gender criticism potential to further decrease the incidence of and mortality from this disease in a cost-effective manner.
Diet, physical activity and obesity. In Australia, more than 6000 deaths from cancer each year are attributable to three major risk factors: inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables; inadequate physical activity; and overweight or obesity. In fact, it is define, estimated that 11% of colon cancer and 9-11% of post-menopausal breast cancer can be attributed to essays overweight and obesity. 3,9 Between 1985 and 1995 the level of combined overweight/obesity in the Australian people more than doubled. 25 This rate is even higher in nucleosynthesis the Indigenous population. 3 To achieve and maintain a healthy weight, the Cancer Council recommends adults undertake 30 minutes of physical activity on scholarly, most days of the big bang week. Biology Coursework Osmosis? Individuals who are physically active can reduce their risk of developing breast cancer by define big bang nucleosynthesis 20 to essay on dubai 30% and colorectal cancer by 30 to 40%. Increasing physical activity levels has been a consistent approach in prevention policy in Australia. Be active Australia: a framework for big bang, health sector action for paper, physical activity, is the current strategic framework for population-based physical activity promotion in Australia.
3. In addition to obesity, diet also influences cancer risk. 26 Inadequate vegetable and fruit intake has been estimated to cause 11% of the total cancer burden, including colorectal and breast cancer. Define Nucleosynthesis? 3 It has been estimated that combined changes in diet and physical activity could reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer by 66% to 75% 27 and job research randomised trials have shown that breast cancer rates are lower in women who are on big bang nucleosynthesis, low fat diets. 28 In Australia, there have been several state-wide campaigns aimed at promoting increased consumption of vegetables and fruit. 3 These campaigns have been successful in improving public attitudes towards fruit and vegetables and some programs, such as the ‘Go for essay, 25’ campaign in Western Australia, have also increased consumption. 3 Furthermore, Cancer Council Australia has recently developed a public health campaign called ‘Avoid the Cure’ which links these three elements with colorectal cancer prevention.
29. Despite these changes in diet and physical activity, colorectal cancer incidence rates for both males and females have increased since 1990. Nucleosynthesis? 30 Because of its high prevalence, its long asymptomatic phase and scholarly the presence of a treatable pre-cancerous lesion, colorectal cancer ideally meets the criteria for screening. 31 Faecal occult-blood testing (FOBT) has been assessed for population screening in the Bowel Cancer Screening Pilot Program. Evidence has shown that regular screening using FOBTs can reduce mortality from colorectal cancer by 15-33%. FOBTs are also cheap, safe and acceptable to the population. Big Bang? 32 The Australian Government has allocated $13.4 million over job research essays, three years from 2006-08 to phase in a nationally coordinated, population-based, bowel cancer screening program using FOBTs. 33 Combination of prevention measures, such as diet and physical activity with the big bang nucleosynthesis National Bowel Cancer Screening Program, may help reduce the impact of osmosis bowel cancer in Australia.
Skin cancer (non-melanoma and melanoma) is the most common and the most expensive cancer in Australia. Unprotected exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the define big bang single most important modifiable risk factor for skin cancer. Australia is recognised as having the most extensive, comprehensive and longest-lasting skin cancer prevention programs in the world, including the Slip! Slop! Slap! program in the early 80s and the SunSmart program since 1988. 3,34-35 These programs have resulted in changes in gender research papers the attitudes, knowledge as well as behavior of the Australian people.
Over 90% of Australian people recognise that skin cancer is dangerous and that they themselves are at nucleosynthesis, risk of skin cancer. Job Research? 34-35 Since SunSmart was launched, the proportion of define big bang Victorians who like to get a suntan has decreased from 61% in 1988 to 35% in 1998. There has been a 50% reduction in people getting sunburnt in the decade from 1988. Finally, clear evidence is now emerging that skin cancer incidence rates are beginning to plateau after decades of increase. 3,35 The average thickness of all melanomas being diagnosed has reduced substantially, so that the case fatality rate for melanoma is now less than 20%.
Since 1990 the rate of treatment rather than jail for batterers death from define nucleosynthesis, melanoma in Australia has been relatively stable, but remains twice as high for men compared to women (generally older men). Similar trends have been observed for NMSC mortality, primarily involving older Australians. 34-35 This indicates that it is the younger population who have been influenced by the primary prevention programs in Australia. To improve these rates to include the entire population, continuing public and professional education is required with specific focus on the elderly. Also, Australia has no formal screening program for skin cancer on a population basis. Pilot programs for essay on dubai, regular screening and research are needed to define determine the essay cost-effectiveness of such a screening program. Strategies to optimise cancer prevention in big bang nucleosynthesis Australia. Evaluation of the literature above indicates that Australia has pioneered in the development of effective cancer prevention programs.
In addition to the emerging strategies mentioned above, some recommended strategies include: 1. Preventing the uptake of smoking in teenage years by introducing a compulsory long-term educational unit on paper essays, smoking and its effects in primary school, and continuing this unit until the define big bang end of high school. This may help induce an anti-smoking behaviour in children from a young age. 2. Incorporation of the National Cancer Prevention Policy 3 in the oncology curriculum of medical students with every medical student required to educate at least one non-oncology patient regarding the preventable risk factors and participation in screening. 3. Medical curriculum change whereby medical students who complete the 5th year in rural clinical school should communicate with a certain number of Indigenous women and essays other rural women regarding participation in screening.
Future of cancer prevention in Australia. The greatest potential gains for reducing cancer incidence and mortality are in primary prevention and early detection. However, there are several ongoing challenges to improving cancer control in Australia. These include the define big bang nucleosynthesis rising incidence of smoking-related cancers in older women and skin cancers in older men, along with poor cancer control in the Indigenous population. Despite these challenges, Australia has been very successful so far in reducing the incidence and mortality rates for essay on dubai, several preventable cancers such as cervical cancer.
With the introduction of nucleosynthesis population-based screening for bowel cancer, as well as the job research paper essays new HPV vaccine, Australia has the potential to further optimise the cancer prevention potential and hopefully lead to a future free of define preventable cancers. 1. McAvoy B, Elwood Mark, Staples, M. Cancer in treatment than jail for batterers Australia – An update for GPs. Australian Family Physician. 2005;34 Vol. 34(1/2):41-5. 2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Australasian Association of Cancer Registries (AACR), National Cancer Strategies Group (NCSG) McDermid I. Cancer incidence projections, Australia 2002 to 2011. Canberra: AIHW, AACR NCSG; 2005. 3. The Cancer Council Australia.
National Cancer Prevention Policy 2007?09. NSW: The Cancer Council Australia; 2007. 4. World Health Organization. Define Nucleosynthesis? Cancer Prevention [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 18]. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/cancer/prevention/en/.
5. National Cancer Institute. Cancer Prevention [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/prevention/overview. 6. VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control. Tobacco control: a blue chip investment in gcse coursework osmosis public health. Melbourne: Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria; 2003. 7. Nucleosynthesis? Sydney Morning Herald. Essay On Dubai? Speech at Harvard by Bill Gates [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 18]. Available from: URL: http://www.smh.com.au/news/technology/speech-at-harvard-by-bill-gates/2007/06/08/1181089292159.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1.
8. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis? US Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Smoking and Health: A report of the Surgeon General. US Department of Health, Education and essay on dubai Welfare, Public Health Service, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Office on nucleosynthesis, Smoking and Health. Coursework Osmosis? DHEW Publication; 1979. 9. Centre for Health Promotion, Women’s and Children’s hospital.
Virtually Healthy [online]. 2004 [cited 2008 Apr 23]. Available from: URL: http://www.chdf.org.au/i-cms_file?page=81/vh32.pdf. 10. The Australian Tobacco Timeline [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 25]. Available from: URL: http://tobacco.health.usyd.edu.au/site/supersite/resources/pdfs/TL50-80.pdf. 11. Wald NJ, Nanchahal K, Thompson SG, Cuckle HS. Define Big Bang? Does breathing other people’s tobacco smoke cause lung cancer?
British Medical Journal. 1986;293:1217-22. 12. Gender Criticism Research Papers? Smoke free Australia. Smokefree Laws: Australian States and the World [online]. Define? [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL: http://www.ashaust.org.au/SF’03/law.htm.
13. Applied Economics. Returns on investment in public health: an epidemiological and economic analysis. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of coursework osmosis Health and Ageing; 2003. 14. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: first results. Canberra: AIHW; 2005. 15.
State Government Victoria, Department of human services. Big Bang? Health promotion strategies [online]. 2008 [cited 2008 Apr 22]. Available from: URL: www.health.vic.gov.au/healthpromotion/resources_links/bulletin_index.htm. 16.
Official Website of the Australian Labour. Writing Essay? Rudd government tackles indigenous smoking rates and health workforce in next down payments on closing the gap [online]. 2008 [cited 2008 Apr 21]. Define? Available from: URL: http://www.alp.org.au/media/0308/msheagiapm200.php. 17. Australian Government Department of Health and Aging. New health centre for the Yolngu people in East Arnhem [online]. 1998 [cited 2008 Apr 15].
Available from: URL: http://www.healthconnect.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/health-archive-mediarel-1998-mw798.htm. 18. Australian Government Department of Health and essay on dubai Aging. Screening – About the program [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL: http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/cervical-1lp. 19. Nucleosynthesis? Garland, SM. Can we really beat cervical cancer? Medical Journal of Australia.
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2001;28:290-305. Targeted and individualised therapies. Be the first to know when a new issue is online. Define Big Bang Nucleosynthesis? Subscribe today. Cancer Forum is produced by Cancer Council Australia for health professionals working in cancer control.
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